Many critics see the early years of the strip as a classic of adventure comic strips. The novels are regarded by some as being among the classics of adventure fiction.
During these years she met Willie Garvin. Despite the desperate life he was leading, she saw his potential and offered him a job. Inspired by her belief in him, he pulled through as her right-hand man in The Network and became Modesty Blaise's most trusted friend. Theirs is a strictly platonic relationship and is based on mutual respect and shared interests. They have never gone to bed with each other, fearing that would ruin their special bond. He has always called her "Princess", a form of address only he is allowed to use. Other members of The Network would call Modesty "Mam'selle" (as in the French term "Mademoiselle" or "Miss").
When she felt she'd made enough money, she retired and moved to England; Willie Garvin followed suit. Bored by their new lives among the idle rich, they accepted a request for assistance from Sir Gerald Tarrant, a high-ranking official of the British secret service — and this is where the story really begins (this is treated differently in the first comic strip and the first book - see note in Canon debate below).
Many of her adventures are based on "capers" she and Willie Garvin become involved in as a result of their association with Tarrant. However, they may also help perfect strangers or fight various eccentric villains in exotic locations of their own volition if the cause fits their values; "ghosts" from their Network past also emerge to haunt them from time to time. Although Modesty and Willie will not hesitate to kill if necessary — and have, on occasion, taken on the roles of judge, jury, and executioner when dealing with particularly unsavory types — they avoid deadly force whenever possible, often relying upon their extraordinary physical and weapons skills to change a killing blow into a knock-out. Willie often confirms with Modesty beforehand whether a mission is to be, as the duo puts it, for "sleeps" or for "keeps".
The kinds of fights and battles that Modesty and Willie have against the bad guys are often very special. There is a great emphasis on unarmed combat and unusual weapons. Modesty's favorite weapon is a "kongo" or yawara stick, while Willie's favorite weapon is the throwing knife, of which he usually carries two. Many other strange weapons (such as the use of quarterstaff, épée, blowgun, and sling) and unexpected fighting techniques are also featured. The bad guys often meet their well-deserved demise in surprising ways.
In keeping with the spirit of other long-running comic strip and literary characters, Modesty and Willie generally do not age over the decades, with Modesty always being depicted as being in her late 20s, with Willie being eight years older. The only exceptions to this rule occur in the 1996 short story collection Cobra Trap, the final Modesty Blaise book, which contains five stories that take place where Modesty's age moves from 20 to 52 (approximately), and the 2003 film My Name Is Modesty which is a prequel depicting Modesty in her late teens.
In an essay found in Myths for the Modern Age: Philip José Farmer's Wold Newton Universe (Win Scott Eckert, ed., MonkeyBrain Books, 2005), author Chuck Loridans contributes an article entitled "The Daughters of Greystoke" wherein he posits that Modesty is the daughter of Tarzan and La of Opar.
After Jim Holdaway's death in 1970, the art of the strip was provided by the Spanish artist Romero. Eight years later, Romero quit to make time for his own comics projects, and after short attempts by John Burns and Patrick Wright, Neville Colvin drew the strip until 1986. Then Romero returned to the job and continued until the end of the strip.
The strip's circulation in the United States was erratic, in part because of the occasional nude scenes, which were much less acceptable in the US than elsewhere, resulting in a censored version of the strip being circulated. (Modesty occasionally used a tactic that she called the "Nailer," in which she would appear topless, distracting the bad guys long enough to give Willie or herself a chance to incapacitate them.) An example of this censorship appears in the introduction to the 2007 Titan Books reprint volume Death Trap, which illustrated two segments of the story arc, "The Junk Men" that were censored by the Detroit Free Press when it published the strip in 1977; in both cases a screen was drawn over scantily-clad images of Willie and Modesty. Reportedly, O'Donnell did not approve of the changes, although they were made by the artist, Romero.
The final Modesty Blaise strip ran in the Evening Standard on April 11 2001. Some of the newspapers that carried the series, feeling that it had become a tradition for their readers, began running it again from the beginning. O'Donnell, in order to give Romero some additional work, gave the artist permission to adapt one of his short stories ("The Dark Angels") as a graphic novel that was published in Scandinavia in 2002, later being reprinted in the US in a special issue of Comics Revue.
One of the earliest reprints in book form occurred in 1977 when Star Books, an imprint of WH Allen Limited, published a paperback-sized compilation of the Holdaway-era stories "The Black Pearl" and "The Vikings". This reprint suffered from poor reproduction that rendered many panels unintelligible.
Between 1981 and 1986, Ken Pierce Books Inc. of the United States, in conjunction with Eclipse Comics, published eight volumes of comic book-sized reprints dubbed the First American Edition series. The first four books featured Holdaway-illustrated stories from the 1960s, while the last four featured strips from the early 1980s as illustrated by Neville Colvin. These books also suffered from reproduction problems that resulted in many panels being reprinted too light, making them difficult to read.
Manuscript Press published two volumes of late-1980s Romero strips in 2003 (Live Bait and Lady in the Dark); it also published all of the stories not reprinted elsewhere in serialized form in its magazine publications Comics Revue and Modesty Blaise Quarterly, the former of which, as noted above, also published The Dark Angels for the first (and, to date, only) time in English. Comics Revue is continuing to reprint Modesty Blaise strips as of its early 2008 issues.
Beginning in March 2004, Titan launched a new series of reprint volumes. These new versions use larger images and reportedly come from better source material than the earlier editions. Several volumes also featured specially written introductions by O'Donnell. So far, the new series has reprinted the full run of the Holdaway years and has moved on to the Romero-illustrated stories. The first volume published in 2006, The Gallows Bird, includes one story that was not reprinted in the earlier Titan series. The tenth volume, Cry Wolf, consisted entirely of stories not previously reprinted by Titan, and the releases have continued. The first reprint volume scheduled for 2008, the announced Yellowstone Booty, will conclude the reprints of the first series of Romero stories and begin the brief tenure of John Burns (who illustrated the title story).
A (Comics Revue Annual),
C (Comics Revue),
F# (First American Edition Series, Ken Pierce),
LB (Live Bait, Manuscript Press),
LD (Lady in the Dark, Manuscript Press),
MB (Comics Revue Presents Modesty Blaise),
SB (Star Books paperback reprint, 1977),
S (Comics Revue Special),
T# (Titan Books, old series (1984-88))
Titan Books, new series (2004-present):
NT1 = The Gabriel Set-Up,
NT2 = Mister Sun,
NT3 = Top Traitor,
NT4 = The Black Pearl,
NT5 = Bad Suki,
NT6 = The Hell Makers,
NT7 = The Green-Eyed Monster,
NT8 = The Puppet Master,
NT9 = The Gallows Bird,
NT10 = Cry Wolf
NT11 = Inca Trail.
NT12 = Death Trap
NT13 = Yellowstone Booty
NT14 = Green Cobra
|1||La Machine||JH||1-114||5/13/63 - 9/21/63||NT1, T1, C 189-191, 193|
|2||The Long Lever||JH||115-211||9/23/63 - 1/2/64||NT1, T1, C 192-194|
|3||The Gabriel Set-Up||JH||212-354||1/3/64 - 6/18/64||NT1, T1, C 195-197|
|4||Mister Sun||JH||355-500||6/19/64 - 12/5/64||NT2, T2, C 198-199|
|5||The Mind of Mrs. Drake||JH||501-612||12/7/64 - 4/19/65||NT2, T2, F2, C 201-203|
|6||Uncle Happy||JH||613-743||4/20/65 - 9/18/65||NT2, T8, F2, C 204-207|
|7||Top Traitor||JH||744-873||9/20/65 - 2/19/66||NT3, F1, C 208-210|
|8||The Vikings||JH||874-992||2/21/66 - 7/9/66||NT3, F1, SB|
|8a||In the Beginning||JH||(1-12)||(1966)||NT1, T1, C 188|
|9||The Head Girls||JH||993-1124||7/11/66 - 12/10/66||NT3, F4|
|10||The Black Pearl||JH||1125-1235||12/12/66 - 4/22/67||NT4, F4, SB|
|11||The Magnified Man||JH||1236-1349||4/24/67 - 9/2/67||NT4, F4|
|12||The Jericho Caper||JH||1350-1461||9/4/67 - 1/13/68||NT4, F3|
|13||Bad Suki||JH||1462-1574||1/15/68 - 5/25/68||NT5, T8, F3|
|14||The Galley Slaves||JH|| 1575-1629|
| 5/27/68 - 8/6/68|
9/10/68 - 11/16/68
|14A||The Killing Ground||JH||(A1-A36)||1968 (Scotland only)||NT4, T2, F3, C 207|
|15||The Red Gryphon||JH||1689-1794||11/18/68 - 3/22/69||NT5, T3, C 211-213|
|16||The Hell Makers||JH||1795-1919||3/24/69 - 8/16/69||NT6, T3, C 214-216|
|17||Take-Over||JH||1920-2043||8/18/69 - 1/10/70||NT6, T4, C 217-219|
|18||The War-Lords of Phoenix||JH/ER||2044-2162||1/12/70 - 5/30/70||NT6, T4, C 220-222|
|19||Willie the Djinn||ER||2163-2282||6/1/70 - 10/17/70||NT7, T4, C 223-225|
|20||The Green-Eyed Monster||ER||2283-2388||10/19/70 - 2/20/71||NT7, T5, C 226-228|
|21||Death of a Jester||ER||2389-2507||2/22/71 - 7/10/71||NT7, T5, C 229-231|
|22||The Stone Age Caper||ER||2508-2627||7/12/71 - 11/27/71||NT8, T5, C 232-234|
|23||The Puppet Master||ER||2628-2738||11/29/71 - 4/8/72||NT8, T6, C 235-237|
|24||With Love from Rufus||ER||2739-2846||4/10/72 - 8/12/72||NT8, T6|
|25||The Bluebeard Affair||ER||2847-2970||8/14/72 - 1/6/73||NT9, T6|
|26||The Gallows Bird||ER||2971-3077||1/8/73 - 5/12/73||NT9, MB 2|
|27||The Wicked Gnomes||ER||3078-3197||5/14/73 - 9/29/73||NT9, T7|
|28||The Iron God||ER||3198-3309||10/1/73 - 2/9/74||NT9, T7|
|29||"Take Me to Your Leader"||ER||3310-3428||2/11/74 - 7/1/74||NT10, MB 3|
|30||Highland Witch||ER||3429-3548||7/2/74 - 11/16/74||NT10, MB 4|
|31||Cry Wolf||ER||3549-3638A||11/18/74 - 3/25/75||NT 10, MB 5|
|32||The Reluctant Chaperon||ER||3639-3737||3/26/75 - 8/14/75||NT 11, MB 6|
|33||The Greenwood Maid||ER||3738-3829A||8/15/75 - 1/2/76||NT 11, MB 7|
|34||Those About to Die||ER||3830-3931A||1/5/76 - 5/28/76||NT 11, MB 8|
|35||The Inca Trail||ER||3932-4031A||6/1/76 - 10/20/76||NT 11, MB 10|
|36||The Vanishing Dollybirds||ER||4032-4141A||10/21/76 - 3/28/77||NT12, MB 11|
|37||The Junk Men||ER||4142-4241A||3/29/77 - 8/19/77||NT12, MB 9|
|38||Death Trap||ER||4242-4341A||8/22/77 - 1/20/78||NT12, MB 12|
|39||Idaho George||ER||4342-4447A||1/23/78 - 6/16/78||NT13, MB 13|
|40||The Golden Frog||ER||4448-4542A||6/19/78 - 10/31/78||NT13, MB 14|
|41||Yellowstone Booty||JB||4543-4647A||11/1/78 - 3/30/79||NT13, MB 16|
|42||Green Cobra||JB||4648-4737A||4/2/79 - 8/10/79||NT14, MB 15|
|43||Eve and Adam||JB/PW||4738-4837A||8/13/79 - 1/4/80||NT14, MB 17|
|44||Brethren of Blaise||PW||4838-4932A||1/7/80 - 5/23/80||NT14, MB 18|
|45||Dossier on Pluto||NC||4933-5032A||5/27/80 - 10/14/80||MB 19|
|46||The Lady Killers||NC||5033-5127A||10/15/80 - 3/3/81||F5, C 238-240|
|47||Garvin's Travels||NC||5128-5229A||3/4/81 - 7/27/81||F5, C 241 - 243|
|48||The Scarlet Maiden||NC||5230-5329A||7/28/81 - 12/16/81||F5, C 244 - 246|
|49||The Moonman||NC||5330-5424A||12/17/81 - 5/7/82||F6, C 247 - 249|
|50||A Few Flowers for the Colonel||NC||5425-5519A||5/10/82 - 9/24/82||F6, C 250 - 252|
|51||The Balloonatic||NC||5520-5619A||9/27/82 - 2/18/83||F6, C 253 - 255|
|52||Death in Slow Motion||NC||5620-5719A||2/21/83 - 7/15/83||F7, C 256 - 258|
|53||The Alternative Man||NC||5720-5814A||7/18/83 - 11/28/83||F7, C 259 - 261|
|54||Sweet Caroline||NC||5815-5914A||11/29/83 - 4/19/84||F7, C 262 - 264|
|55||The Return of the Mammoth||NC||5915-6014A||4/24/84 - 9/14/84||F8, 265 - 267|
|56||Plato's Republic||NC||6015-6114A||9/17/84 - 2/6/85||F8|
|57||The Sword of the Bruce||NC||6115-6214A||2/7/85 - 7/2/85||F8|
|58||The Wild Boar||NC||6215-6314A||7/3/85 - 11/20/85||MB 20|
|59||Kali's Disciples||NC||6315-6414A||11/21/85 - 5/16/86?||MB 21|
|60||The Double Agent||NC||6515-6519A||5/17/86? - 9/15/86||MB 22|
|61||Butch Cassidy Rides Again||ER||6520-6624A||9/16/86 - 2/12/87||MB 1|
|62||Million Dollar Game||ER||6625-6724A||2/13/87 - 7/8/87||C 26-29|
|63||The Vampire of Malvescu||ER||6725-6829A||7/9/87 - 12/3/87||A2|
|64||Samantha and the Cherub||ER||6830-6934A||12/4/87 - 5/6/88||C 31-36, LB|
|65||Milord||ER||6935-7034A||5/9/88 - 9/27/88||C 40-42, LB|
|66||Live Bait||ER||7035-7134A||9/28/88 - 2/17/89||C 44-46, LB|
|67||The Girl from the Future||ER||7135-7239A||2/20/89 - 7/21/89||C 47-49, LD|
|68||The Big Mole||ER||7240-7339A||7/24/89 - 12/11/89||C 50-52, LD|
|69||Lady in the Dark||ER||7340-7439A||12/12/89 - 5/8/90||C 53-56, LD|
|70||Fiona||ER||7440-7544A||5/9/90 - 10/9/90||C 57-60|
|71||Walkabout||ER||7545-7649A||10/10/90 - 3/11/91||C 61-63|
|72||The Girl in the Iron Mask||ER||7650-7749A||3/12/91 - 8/2/91||C 64-66|
|73||The Young Mistress||ER||7750-7854A||8/5/91 - 1/6/92||C 67-73|
|74||Ivory Dancer||ER||7855-7959A||1/7/92 - 6/5/92||C 73-77|
|75||Our Friend Maude||ER||7960-8064A||6/8/92 - 11/2/92||C 78-83|
|76||A Present for the Princess||ER||8065-8174A||11/3/92 - 4/8/93||C 84-88|
|77||Black Queen's Pawn||ER||8175-8279A||4/13/93 - 9/10/93||C 89-93 |
|78||The Grim Joker||ER||8280-8384A||9/13/93 - 2/9/94||C 94-99|
|79||Guido the Jinx||ER||8385-8484A||2/10/94 - 7/5/94||C 100-104|
|80||The Killing Distance||ER||8485-8589A||7/6/94 - 11/30/94||C 105-109|
|81||The Aristo||ER||8590-8694A||12/1/94 - 5/3/95||C 110-114|
|82||Ripper Jax||ER||8695-8799A||5/4/95 - 10/2/95||C 115-119|
|83||The Maori Contract||ER||8800-8904A||10/3/95 - 3/1/96||C 120-124|
|84||Honeygun||ER||8905-9009A||3/4/96 - 8/2/96||C 125-130|
|85||Durango||ER||9010-9114A||8/5/96 - 1/3/97||S1, C 131-133|
|86||The Murder Frame||ER||9115-9219A||1/6/97 - 6/6/97||C 134-138|
|87||Fraser's Story||ER||9220-9324A||6/9/97 - 11/3/97||C 139-143|
|88||Tribute of the Pharaoh||ER||9325-9429A||11/4/97 - 5/3/98||C 144-148|
|89||The Special Orders||ER||9430-9534A||5/6/98 - 9/4/98||C 149-152|
|90||The Hanging Judge||ER||9535-9644A||9/7/98 - 2/10/99||C 153-158|
|91||Children of Lucifer||ER||9645-9749A||2/11/99 - 7/13/99||C 159-163|
|92||Death Symbol||ER||9750-9859A||7/14/99 - 12/15/99||C 164-169|
|93||The Last Aristocrat||ER||9860-9964A||12/16/99 - 5/19/00||C 170-175|
|94||The Killing Game||ER||9965-10069a||5/22/00 - 10/17/00||C 176-181|
|95||The Zombie||ER||10070-10183||10/18/00 - 4/11/01||C 182-187|
|96||The Dark Angels||ER||N/A||12/2002||C 200, 208 (cover)|
After the initial popularity of the comic strip a movie entitled Modesty Blaise, loosely based on the comic strip, was filmed in 1966 as a comedy thriller. It was directed by Joseph Losey and starred Monica Vitti as Modesty, Terence Stamp as Willie Garvin, and Dirk Bogarde as Gabriel. While Peter O'Donnell wrote the first draft of the screenplay for the movie, the script was heavily revised by others before shooting began, and the finished movie bore very little resemblance to O'Donnell's vision in tone, theme, or characterization. There is some indication that Willie and Modesty are on the verge of consummating their relationship which, as O'Donnell had always made clear, was strictly platonic even though they are devoted to each other. The film was unsuccessful.
In 1982, a one-hour pilot was made for a proposed Modesty Blaise television series, starring Ann Turkel as Modesty Blaise and Lewis Van Bergen as Willie Garvin. The film aired on the ABC Network to positive reviews, but no series resulted. This was a slightly more serious version of the stories than the campy 1966 comedy version. In this pilot the setting is moved from London to Hollywood, and both Willie and Tarrant are portrayed as Americans.
In 2002, Miramax, the current holders of the Modesty Blaise film rights, made a film called My Name Is Modesty, with British actress Alexandra Staden as Modesty Blaise, based on a story from Modesty's life before "The Network" days, plus flashbacks to her childhood.
The film, made primarily to retain the film rights, did not receive theatrical release, being released straight to DVD in Europe in October 2003; it didn't receive DVD release in North America until September 2004, more than two years after it was produced. Critical reception appears to depend upon the critic's familiarity with the comic strip. Those aware of Modesty's history seem to be far more receptive to the film than those expecting an action film or another comedy. Still, fans were disappointed that the character of Willie Garvin was not featured and by the poor plot and discrepancies regarding Lob.
Staden's performance was generally praised, although she was seen by some as too frail-looking to play Modesty convincingly. The consensus, however, is that this version is at least better than the 1966 spoof.
Quentin Tarantino has been interested in directing a Modesty Blaise movie for many years, and at one point Neil Gaiman even wrote a script treatment based upon O'Donnell's novel, I, Lucifer. So far, nothing has come of these plans. Tarantino "sponsored" the release of My Name Is Modesty by allowing it to be released under the label "Quentin Tarantino presents ..." Curiously, in the Tarantino film Pulp Fiction, Vincent Vega is seen reading a copy of Modesty Blaise. Nicole Kidman has also gone on record as being interested in making a Modesty Blaise movie.
Beginning in the early 2000s, Souvenir Press began a series of reprints of the Modesty Blaise book series, concluding with a reprint of Cobra Trap in 2006. (Souvenir reportedly does not own the rights to the short story collection Pieces of Modesty so they will not be reprinting that volume.)
O'Donnell's final book, Cobra Trap, is his most controversial as he chose to end the book by giving Modesty Blaise and Willie Garvin a definitive end (although the comic strip would last for several more years before it, too, was retired). Many longtime fans of Modesty Blaise refuse to read the titular short story that closes Cobra Trap. Perhaps reflecting this, O'Donnell chose to end the comic strip on a more hopeful note.
In Sweden, Denmark and Norway, the strip has been in continuous distribution since 1969 in a monthly comic adventure magazine called Agent X9 (after the existing Modesty comic magazine Agent was merged with the X9 magazine). Many of O'Donnell's stories actually premiered here (translated into Swedish), and the magazine continues to run a Modesty Blaise story every month, from the archives. Sweden is also an ongoing source for in-print graphic-novel-style collections of Modesty Blaise "capers" (including hardcovers), though they're also in Swedish. When the daily strip was discontinued, artist Romero was given permission by O'Donnell to do a final Modesty Blaise story directly for the Swedish Agent X9 magazine. The two-parter was published in 2002 and based on an unused script by O'Donnell entitled The Dark Angels. Romero has for the past years also contributed with original painted covers for the Agent X9 magazine.
The American magazine Comics Revue also continues to reprint the strip, and remains to date the only publisher to have released an English-language version of The Dark Angels.
In the early 1980s, an audio tape reading of the short story, "I Had a Date with Lady Janet" (from Pieces of Modesty), was released featuring John Thaw (the story was a first-person tale told from Willie Garvin's point of view).
Plus, some comic strips were based upon some of O'Donnell's short stories, and vice-versa, with the inevitable differences between them. In any event, only stories (illustrated or textual) written by O'Donnell himself are considered candidates for canon; none of the film and graphic novel adaptations qualify, including the My Name Is Modesty film which contradicts elements of the novels and comic strip.
It is not known if O'Donnell's statements will have any impact upon the proposed Modesty Blaise film project by Quentin Tarantino, or if his eventual heirs will allow new writers to continue Modesty Blaise in comic strip or literary form.