America's Junior Miss is a national's non-profit organization that provides scholarship opportunities to high school girls. Only young females in high school are eligible for the program. Depending on the schedule of the various state and local programs, young women are eligible during either their sophomore or junior year of high school. This program provides young ladies with the opportunity and support needed to succeed before, during, and after attending college. Since its creation in 1958, over 700,000 young ladies have participated in competitions spanning the United States. Each state hosts a state program in which the winning representative advances to the national program, America's Junior Miss held in the program's birthplace of Mobile, Alabama.
The Early Years
In the late 1920s, Mobile's Junior Chamber of Commerce, known today as the Jaycees, began the earliest form of the Junior Miss program as an annual floral pageant in the spring to encourage participation from residents in local beautification projects, including azalea
flowers. The winner of the pageant would eventually choose her successor to carry on the role of representing the annual program: an act similar to what every America's Junior Miss has done a year after winning the title, but it's the judges who decide first.
Shortly after the Second World War, the Junior Chamber changed the program especially for young high school seniors to participate. Prizes included the honor of being queen of the Azalea Trail Maids, Mobile's official hostesses at special events. Before 1957, the Junior Chamber realized that not only were Mobilians participating in their program, so were Mississippi and Florida residents. It was decided that year to make the program national, allowing high school seniors from every state to participate in the renamed Junior Miss America Pageant. Just like the Miss America pageant now (Miss America started as a Beauty pageant, but now she is judged on Evening Gown, Private 12 Minute Interview, On Stage Q & A, Evening Gown and Swimsuit), Junior Miss America did not judge only on beauty, but on talent, fitness, poise/self-expression, and scholastic achievement.
The first national finals were held in March 1958 at the Saenger Theater in downtown Mobile, with 18 states represented and a budget of $10,000 in scholarship money. Phyllis Whitenack of West Virginia would leave Mobile with $5000 to attend college, along with the title of Junior Miss America. Junior Miss America became America's Junior Miss in 1959.
In 1963, all 50 states had their own Junior Miss in the national finals. The 1960s was a decade of excellence for the America's Junior Miss program, with new sponsors
such as Kodak
, the program was able to continue increasing scholarship beyond $24,000 and bring Mobile's annual event before the eyes of network television
viewers regularly for 23 years starting in 1965. Among the entertainers invited to perform at the finals early in the Sixties was Eddie Fisher
. In this decade, two holders of the Junior Miss title would soon lead successful careers while supporting the organization that helped them along the way. Missouri
Junior Miss and America's Junior Miss 1961 Mary Frann
would one day appear on TV programs such as "Newhart
" and numerous variety shows
in her acting
career. Frann help founded the alumni organization America's Junior Miss Council in 1995. Kentucky
Junior Miss and America's Junior Miss 1963 Diane Sawyer
continued to support the program as her career in journalism
continued, which led to a position at the ABC Television Network
program "Good Morning America
The New Seekers
band entertained one and all at the May 1973 finals, hosted by Ed McMahon
. Actor Michael Landon
would host the national finals for the first time in 1974, his first out of seven appearances. Along with Landon, America's Junior Miss was proud to have Donna Alexander of New Jersey
, as she was the first black female to reach this point of the competition. Alumni from this decade include America's Junior Miss 1973 Linda Rutledge Delbridge of Kansas
, who would one day become a computer scientist
Junior Miss 1976 Deborah Norville
followed a journalism career path that would earn her the job of hosting the syndicated
news program "Inside Edition
Junior Miss 1971 was Kathie Lee Gifford
, who would one day host a syndicated talk show
with TV personality Regis Philbin
. Raleigh, North Carolina
had its own Junior Miss in 1979, and that would be actress Sharon Lawrence
. In spite of never advancing to the 1971 finals, Georgia contender Kim Basinger
would later have an acting career that would catch the attention of the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences
Before becoming a Tony Award winning producer, Bonnie Comley
, won the talent competition in the Junior Miss Massachusetts program in 1977
performed for the audience and the Junior Misses participating at the 1980 national finals. One year later, the format known as "theater in the round
" was introduced for the finals and its television broadcasts. Mary Frann returned for the finals in 1985 to co-host with Bruce Jenner
. The outreach program "Be Your Best Self" became the official platform of the America's Junior Miss program in 1987. America's Junior Miss 1980 Julie Bryan Moran hosted the finals in 1988, the program's final time as a yearly event on a major television network. The national finals were moved from the Mobile Civic Center arena to the theater section in 1989. Among the Junior Miss participants in this decade who would become well known were Georgia's Julie Moran, who would anchor the syndicated TV program "Entertainment Tonight
" and 1986 Junior Miss Debra Messing
of Rhode Island
, whose acting career led to earning one of the leading roles in the sitcom
"Will & Grace
". At the end of the Eighties, the name of the program was changed to "America's Young Woman of the Year" to renew interest, but it was later realized that this new identity was unlike the long established brand of America's Junior Miss that interested many participants. The name "America's Junior Miss" would be restored in 1993.
In 1994, the America's Junior Miss finals once again became a national event on television. One of the guests this time was actor Brian Austin Green
of the TV series "Beverly Hills 90210
". One year later, the NBC Television Network
stopped televising the finals. The judging criteria for the local and national levels of the program would be revamped in 1995. With help from David G. Bronner
of the Retirement Systems of Alabama and Raycom Media, viewers got to see Alabama's Junior Miss Tyrenda Williams become the first black America's Junior Miss in 1997 and earn $30,000 in scholarship out of a total of $97,500 for the winners. The number of stations airing the national finals would increase from 50 to 177 in 1998. The 1999 finals, hosted by 1976 Junior Miss Deborah Norville aired tape-delayed on the The Nashville Network
, which would air the event live in 2000 and 2001.
In 2000, for the first time ever, a scholarship of $50,000 was the top prize and Utah
Junior Miss Jesika Henderson earned it along with the title of America's Junior Miss that year. Both Deborah Norville and Karen Morris Gowdy took part in the 2001 finals, with Norville hosting the finals and Gowdy handling the preliminary round. Singer Toby Keith
provided entertainment for the finals. Dan Marino
joined Norville for the finals in 2002, which aired nationally on the PAX TV
network. Billy Gilman
and 3rd Faze were also part of the 2002 finals. The 2004 finals were a little different from previous years, as the 50 Junior Misses were taped for documentary
segments spanning their two weeks of preparation.
In 2005, the AJM Board of Directors' executive committee was unsuccessful at retaining sponsors and a major television network willing enough to broadcast the national finals. The Board of Directors had no choice but to make the 2005 national finals on June 25 possibly the very last for America's Junior Miss. After Mississippi's Junior Miss Kelli Lynn Schutz was chosen and given a $50,000 scholarship she was not originally scheduled for any of the traditional AJM appearances. The 2005 finals, hosted by 2000 America's Junior Miss Jesika Henderson and actor Nicky Brown, airing live on Mobile station WKRG-TV and pre-recorded for PAX TV on June 27 was a celebration of all 48 years of accomplishing a feat that no other organization similar to AJM would attempt: prepare and encourage the lives of young women beginning to enter a new world of possibility.
The organization had originally set a date of September 30, 2005 to end operations. A group of concerned Junior Miss supporters, under the band of Friends of AJM and with the website saveajm.org, fought for the continuation of the program. On August 9 the Board of Directors decided that the national finals shall continue to be held in Mobile, only without any national television coverage as part of the new budget.
Through the dedication of Junior Miss supporters across the country, America's Junior Miss has continued operations from the national headquarters in Mobile, Alabama. The board of directors hired Becky Jo Peterson, formerly chairperson of the California Junior Miss program, as the new executive director of America's Junior Miss. In June 2006 fifty state Junior Misses spent two weeks in Mobile, Alabama for the 49th annual national finals where Kentucky's Junior Miss Taylor Phillips was chosen as the new America's Junior Miss. Over $100,000 in scholarships were awarded at the national finals to the class of 2006.
2007 marks the 50th anniversary of America's Junior Miss. The national finals was held June 28, 29 and 30th at the Mobile Civic Center Theater in Mobile, Alabama where over $150,000 in scholarships was awarded. The current America's Junior Miss (2007), Nora Ali from Minnesota, was selected. Nora is the first AJM of the Muslim faith and is currently a student at Harvard.
Dates for the 2008 national finals have been set for June 26, 27 and 28th at the Mobile Civic Center Theater in Mobile, Alabama.