Josep-Lluís Carod-Rovira (in Catalan, born May 17, 1952 in Cambrils, Tarragona) is a Spanish politician from Catalonia. From 1996 to 2008 he has been the leader of ERC Esquerra Republicana de Catalunya (Republican Left of Catalonia). ERC campaigns for Catalonia's independence from Spain and, secondarily, extend it to the Catalan Countries, the whole Catalan linguistic domain.
He is currently one of the two Vice Presidents of the current Catalan autonomous government formed after the 2006 Catalan regional election. In the previous 2003 cabinet, he was First Minister (Catalan: conseller en cap) of the Generalitat de Catalunya. After his, at times, controversial style, eventually the other partners in the cabinet forced him to resign after his action culminated in a secret meeting with representatives of the Basque terrorist group ETA, which was leaked to the press; this was followed by general political pressure asking for his resignation.
As a writer, he has published Rovira i Virgili i la qüestió nacional (1994), Marcel·lí Domingo, de l'escola a la República (1988), Tornar amb la gent (1997), Jubilar la Transició (1998), El futur a les mans (2003) and La nova Catalunya (2003). He also has contributed in the Catalans from America Dictionary and in the book America and Catalonia, as well as several encyclopedias and specialized magazines. He has won several awards for historical essays and journalism.
Carod-Rovira was first elected General Secretary of ERC in November 1996, in the 21st National Congress of the party at Vilafranca del Penedès. He was reelected in Girona (22nd National Congress) by July 1998 and in Tarragona (23rd National Congress) by March 2001.
After the Catalan elections in 2003, he achieved the position of First Minister of the Catalan government between December 2003 and January 2004, when he was forced to resign over his secret meeting with ETA. He subsequently became a candidate for the Spanish Congress of Deputies in the elections of March 2004). After the elections, he remained in the Catalan Parliament.