Poll tax that early Islamic rulers demanded from their non-Muslim subjects. This tax applied especially to followers of Judaism, Christianity, and Zoroastrianism, who were tolerated in the practice of their religion because they were “peoples of the book.” Originally intended to be used for charitable purposes, the revenues from the jizya were paid into the private treasuries of rulers, and the Ottoman sultans used the proceeds to pay military expenses. Many converted to Islam in order to escape the tax.
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The Islamic Case for Religious Liberty: A Close Reading of the Qur'an and the Prophet Leads Abdullah Saeed to Support Religious Tolerance and Freedom
Nov 01, 2011; The words of the Qur'an and hadith contain rich resources for supporting the democratic order. If Muslims are to embrace...