About 1600 Ogiński family built a Uniate church and founded the Abbey of the Holy Spirit (Lithuanian: Šventosios dvasios). At the beginning of the 17th century a printing press was established near the abbey, notable for printing books by various Protestant Calvinist scholars.
In 1794 and 1812 the church burned down and was rebuilt in 1816. In 1837 an Orthodox church was built.
In the period between World War I and World War II, Vievis was near dividing line between Lithuania and Poland, and the town was among those with the largest Polish minority in Lithuania, with roughly 77% inhabitants declaring themselves as Poles.
The 17th century printing press became the reason why a 1970s samizdat journal "Lustra dzion" edited by Vincuk Viačorka cited "Jewie" as the place of its publishing (even though it was in fact published in Minsk). The printing press is also featured on the modern coat of arms of the city, adopted in 1999.