Definitions

jenny

jenny

[jen-ee]
jenny: see ass.
Holzer, Jenny, 1950-, American artist, b. Gallipolis, Ohio. She links text and image in works of art composed of short aphorisms or longer declarations. Influenced by Dada, conceptual art, and feminism, her works range from printed signs to LED word sculptures and from a huge electronic billboard in New York City's Times Square to mounted metal plaques and carved granite benches. Holzer's artistic slogans have addressed sexism, environmental questions, AIDS, and other issues.
Lind, Jenny, 1820-87, Swedish soprano. She made her debut in 1838 as Agathe in Weber's Der Freischütz. She studied in Paris and sang in Germany, England, and Sweden. In 1849 she abandoned opera for concert and oratorio until 1870. Under the management of P. T. Barnum she toured (1850-52) the United States with great success. After her marriage to Otto Goldschmidt in 1852 she lived in Dresden and in London, where she taught at the Royal College of Music. Called "the Swedish nightingale," she was one of the greatest coloratura sopranos of her time, possessing a voice of remarkable range and quality.
orig. Johanna Maria Lind

(born Oct. 6, 1820, Stockholm, Swed.—died Nov. 2, 1887, Malvern, Worcestershire, Eng.) Swedish soprano. She became prima donna at the Royal Opera in Stockholm at age 18. Study with Manuel García (1805–1906) in 1841 averted damage from vocal strain. Her career expanded to Germany, then to Vienna and London, where she created a sensation. Her European fame caught the eye of P.T. Barnum, who arranged a U.S. tour (dubbing her “the Swedish Nightingale”) that launched many modern publicity techniques. She left Barnum in 1851 and resumed singing in Europe, though much less frequently. In her later years she lived and taught in England.

Learn more about Lind, Jenny with a free trial on Britannica.com.

orig. Johanna Maria Lind

(born Oct. 6, 1820, Stockholm, Swed.—died Nov. 2, 1887, Malvern, Worcestershire, Eng.) Swedish soprano. She became prima donna at the Royal Opera in Stockholm at age 18. Study with Manuel García (1805–1906) in 1841 averted damage from vocal strain. Her career expanded to Germany, then to Vienna and London, where she created a sensation. Her European fame caught the eye of P.T. Barnum, who arranged a U.S. tour (dubbing her “the Swedish Nightingale”) that launched many modern publicity techniques. She left Barnum in 1851 and resumed singing in Europe, though much less frequently. In her later years she lived and taught in England.

Learn more about Lind, Jenny with a free trial on Britannica.com.

Jenny-Wanda Barkmann (c.1921 – July 4, 1946) was a Nazi concentration camp SS official.

Life

She is believed to have spent her childhood in Hamburg, Germany.

Camps

In 1944, she became an Aufseherin in the Stutthof SK-III women's camp, where she brutalized prisoners, some to death. She also selected women and children for the gas chambers. She was so severe the women prisoners nicknamed her the Beautiful Specter.

Arrest

Barkmann fled Stutthof as the Soviets approached. She was arrested in May 1945 while trying to leave a train station in Gdańsk, incarcerated and became a defendant in the Stutthof Trial.

She is said to have flirted with her prison guards and was apparently seen arranging her hair while hearing testimony. She was found guilty, after which she declared, "Life is indeed a pleasure, and pleasures are usually short."

Barkmann was publicly hanged on July 4 1946, on Biskupia Gorka Hill, near Gdańsk. She was around twenty-five years old.

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