Definitions

jelly

jelly and jam

Thick preserves made from fruit and sugar. Jelly is semitransparent, consisting of the strained juice of various fruits (occasionally vegetables), singly or in combination, that is sweetened, slowly simmered, and congealed, often with the aid of pectin or gelatin. Jam differs from jelly in its inclusion of fruit pulp or whole fruit; whole-fruit jam is sometimes called preserve. Fruit jellies and jams are eaten on breakfast breads and in sandwiches and accompany the scones and other baked goods of the British tea meal. Vegetable and herb jellies traditionally complement lamb and other meat dishes.

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or comb jelly

Any of nearly 90 species (phylum Ctenophora) of usually colourless marine invertebrates that have a series of vertical ciliary combs over their bodies. Ctenophores are sometimes mistaken for jellyfish. The body is round or spherical, with tentacles to capture food, and the combs beat to provide locomotion. Most species are small (not much greater than 0.1 in. [3 mm] in diameter), but at least one species grows larger than 3 ft (1 m). Ctenophores live in almost all ocean regions, floating freely in the water. All comb jellies except one parasitic species are carnivores, consuming young mollusks, crustacean and fish larvae, copepods, and other zooplankton.

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orig. Ferdinand Joseph La Menthe

(born Oct. 20, 1890, New Orleans, La., U.S.—died July 10, 1941, Los Angeles, Calif.) U.S. pianist and the first important composer in jazz. In his youth Morton was apparently active as a gambler, pool shark, and procurer. A pioneer ragtime piano player, he toured the country as a pianist from 1904, making his first recordings in Chicago in 1923 with his ensemble the Red Hot Peppers. An exponent of the New Orleans tradition, Morton achieved success integrating elements of ragtime with improvised and arranged ensemble passages, often on his own compositions such as “King Porter Stomp.” By the early 1930s Morton's fame had been overshadowed by that of Louis Armstrong and other emerging innovators.

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orig. Ferdinand Joseph La Menthe

(born Oct. 20, 1890, New Orleans, La., U.S.—died July 10, 1941, Los Angeles, Calif.) U.S. pianist and the first important composer in jazz. In his youth Morton was apparently active as a gambler, pool shark, and procurer. A pioneer ragtime piano player, he toured the country as a pianist from 1904, making his first recordings in Chicago in 1923 with his ensemble the Red Hot Peppers. An exponent of the New Orleans tradition, Morton achieved success integrating elements of ragtime with improvised and arranged ensemble passages, often on his own compositions such as “King Porter Stomp.” By the early 1930s Morton's fame had been overshadowed by that of Louis Armstrong and other emerging innovators.

Learn more about Morton, Jelly Roll with a free trial on Britannica.com.

Jelly may refer to:

  • Gelatin, a translucent brittle solid substance, extracted from the collagen inside animals' connective tissue
    • Gelatin dessert, referred to as jelly in Britain and other countries, popular brands include Jell-O, Rowntree's and Hartley's, and Aeroplane
  • a type of Fruit preserves, in American English, specifically a clear fruit spread consisting of firmed fruit (or vegetable) juice made with pectin.
  • Aspic, a dish containing broth with gelatin, served cold
  • Gel, a colloidal system in which a porous network of interconnected nanoparticles spans the volume of a liquid medium
    • Salve, medical ointment
  • Jellyfish, marine invertebrates of the class Scyphozoa
  • Jelly fungus, the class Heterobasidiomycetes
  • Jelly shoes, shoes made of a soft plastic, resembling sandals
  • Naval jelly, phosphoric acid in a rust removing gel
  • Petroleum jelly, a gel used as a topical ointment
  • Royal jelly, made by bees and fed to the larvae to turn them into queen bees
  • Temazepam, a powerful hypnotic drug, street name "Jellies"

In confectionery:

  • Jelly bean, small and usually have a hard candy shell and gummy interior.
  • Jelly baby, a type of soft confectionery in the shape of babies in a variety of colors
  • Swedish Fish, a type of quasi-gummi chewy candies shaped like fish
  • Gumdrop, brightly-colored gelatin- or pectin-based pieces, shaped like a truncated cone and coated in granulated sugar

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