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je hoover

Hoover, Alabama

Hoover is a city in Jefferson and Shelby Counties in north central Alabama, in the United States. The largest suburb of Birmingham, the population of the city was 62,742 as of the 2000 census and was estimated to be 68,707 in 2006. Hoover is part of the Birmingham-Hoover, AL MSA (metropolitan statistical area) and is also included in the Birmingham-Hoover-Cullman, AL CSA. Hoover’s neighborhoods and planned communities are located along the rolling foothills of the Appalachian Mountains.

Hoover is home to the Riverchase Galleria, one of the largest shopping centers in the Southeast and one of the largest mixed-use centers in the U.S. with 2.4 million square feet (222,967 m²) of total retail floor area. The Riverchase Galleria complex includes shopping, hotel, and office space. The shopping complex major anchor stores are JCPenney, Belk, Macy's, and Sears. A Nordstrom store will be added by 2012.

The Birmingham Barons minor league baseball team, which traces its history to 1885, plays its home games at the 10,800 seat Regions Park.

History

The City of Hoover was incorporated in 1967. It was named after William H. Hoover (a local insurance company owner). The area had been known as the Hoover community since the 1930s and was mostly a residential community. In the late 1970s and early 1980s the city was still mostly residential with a small City Hall that included space for the police department. The annexation of the Riverchase business community provided a base of large office buildings and employers to the city. A significant change to the city occurred when Interstate I-459 was created with a major interchange with Interstate I-65 within the city. The most dramatic change occurred in 1986 when the Riverchase Galleria shopping-hotel-office complex opened. This significantly increased the tax revenue for the city. It was the catalyst to bring new residents and businesses to the city. The city has grown extremely fast with annexations and new developments. The city now provides services from many large city facilities including a Municipal Center, a Library, and a Public Safety Center. Residents and businesses are drawn to the city because of the rolling hills and nice residential areas, schools, city services, shopping, and business communities.

Geography

Hoover is located at (33.386435, -86.804938).

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 43.65 square miles (113.1 km²), of which, 43.13 square miles (111.7 km²) of it is land and 0.51 square miles (1.3 km²) of it (1.17%) is water.

Government

The municipal government has operated under the Mayor-Council form of government since incorporation. The Mayor and City Council are elected on a non-partisan basis to concurrent four-year terms of office which begin on October 1 of election year. Policy-making and legislative authority is vested in the City Council, which consists of seven "at-large" elected members (prior to 2004, the council consisted of five at-large members.) The city council is responsible for, among other things, considering local resolutions and ordinances, adopting an annual budget, and appointing members to local boards and committees. The Mayor is responsible for carrying out and enforcing the city's policies and ordinances.

Current Mayor
Tony Petelos

Current City Council Membership
Council Place Representative Position
1 Trey D. Lott Councilor
2 Gene Smith Councilor
3 Mari Morrison Councilor
4 Gary M. Ivey Council President
5 Jack Wright President Pro Tem
6 Brian Skelton Councilor
7 Mike G. Natter Councilor

Economy

The Riverchase Galleria shopping-hotel-office complex provides a large amount of tax money to the city and provides the location for many retail, hotel, and office workers. The Riverchase business community provides the location for many large businesses. Other office parks and buildings are located across Hoover. The Central Business District includes the US 31, Highway 150, and US 280 locations. Interstate highways I-65 and I-459 intersect in the city.

Top employers in the city (2006)

Source: City of Hoover/The Birmingham News

Top providers of sales tax (2006)

Source: City of Hoover/The Birmingham News

Public Safety

Hoover Fire Department is a full time career department operating from eight fire stations throughout the city. The city is divided into two battalions. There are eight engine companies, three quints, three ALS rescue/ambulances, and two battalion chiefs. All engine companies are staffed with a minimum of three, with at least two being firefighter/paramedics. All engines are classified ALS(Advanced Life Support). The department also operates one heavy rescue truck, and one hazmat unit. Hoover Fire Department holds a Class 2 ISO rating and has done so for over 15 years. The department is very active in the community of over 70,000, providing free blood pressure checks at all stations, participates in Meals on Wheels, installs hundreds of child safety seats each year, participates in Operation Safe Place, in addition to a very active Fire Prevention program taught in all Hoover elementary schools. In 2007, the department will respond to over 9000 calls.

In 2006, the police force of the city of Hoover began using 104 Chevrolet police Tahoes. With this change, the Hoover Police Department became the largest law enforcement fleet in the nation that runs on E85, a fuel that is 85 percent ethanol and 15 percent gasoline. The change was recognized by President George W. Bush, who visited the city in September 2006 to see the fleet and fueling facility.

Hoover operates its own enhanced 911 emergency call center which has eight operator positions and is staffed 24/7.

Hoover provides traffic, severe weather, disaster information, and details on special events on low-power AM radio (1610 kHz).

Hoover's first chief of police was Oscar Davis.

Demographics

As of the census of 2000, there were 62,742 people, 25,191 households, and 17,406 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,454.6 people per square mile (561.7/km²). There were 27,150 housing units at an average density of 629.4/sq mi (243.0/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 87.66% White, 6.77% Black or African American, 0.16% Native American, 2.89% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 1.40% from other races, and 1.09% from two or more races. 3.79% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 25,191 households out of which 33.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.4% were married couples living together, 7.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.9% were non-families. 25.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.47 and the average family size was 3.00.

In the city the population was spread out with 24.8% under the age of 18, 7.9% from 18 to 24, 32.6% from 25 to 44, 23.8% from 45 to 64, and 10.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 95.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.5 males.

According to a 2006 estimate, the median income for a household in the city was $67,679, and the median income for a family was $86,160. Males had a median income of $55,660 versus $34,836 for females. The per capita income for the city was $33,361. About 2.1% of families and 3.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 2.7% of those under age 18 and 3.9% of those age 65 or over.

Population of Hoover
Year Population
1980 15,100
1990 40,000
2000 62,742

Communities

  • Bluff Park
  • Caldwell Mill
  • Deer Valley
  • Green Valley
  • Greystone
  • Inverness
  • Lake Crest
  • Lake Cyrus
  • Patton Chapel
  • Riverchase
  • Rocky Ridge
  • Ross Bridge
  • Russell Springs
  • Russet Woods
  • Shades Mountain
  • Trace Crossings
  • The Preserve

Education

Hoover has ten elementary schools, three middle schools, and two high schools, Spain Park High School and Hoover High School. Spain Park High School has always ranked high in the country for excellent schools and it has been rated close to the top of the top five-hundred schools in the country. The 2005-2006 school year saw 2,451 students enrolled in Hoover High School, 1,400 in Spain Park High School, with a total of 11,433 students in the Hoover City School system.Spain Park received the National Blue Ribbon Award in September of 2008.

Berry Middle School, which served as the city's first high school before the present Hoover High was constructed, was closed after the 2005-2006 academic year, with students moved to a new Berry Middle School constructed near the site of Spain Park High School. A poll of residents recently favored selling the school, possibly to the independent Shades Mountain Christian School. Simmons Middle School and Bumpus Middle School are the city's other middle schools, whose students move on to Hoover High.

Before the 2004-2005 academic year, a few schools, most notably Trace Crossings Elementary, had almost, if not more than, 1,000 students, resulting in the building of Riverchase Elementary. After that, the case of overcrowding was resolved, with many students moving to the new school. However, a similar case has started happening with Bumpus Middle School, resulting in meetings at a handful of schools to discuss what to do about the case.

Media

Hoover has one television station ABC 33/40 with main studios within its city limits. The metro area has TV broadcasting stations that serve the Birmingham TV (DMA) as defined by Nielsen Media Research and provide broadcasting for ABC, CBS, NBC, Fox, PBS, The CW, MyNetworkTV, and ION TV networks. Charter Communications and Bright House Networks provide cable television service to specific communities in Hoover. DirecTV and Dish Network provide direct broadcast satellite television including both local and national channels to Hoover residents. AT&T has a contract to provide U-verse service to the city.

No radio stations operate from Hoover though numerous stations from the Birmingham market serve the city. (WVVB-FM is licensed to Hoover but its studio is located in Birmingham.)

Three newspapers serve Hoover: The Birmingham News, the state's primary daily newspaper, The Hoover Gazette, a weekly newspaper which began publishing in June 2006 but ceased publication in October 2007, and the Over the Mountain Journal, a weekly newspaper that began publishing in 1991. The portion of Hoover which lies in Shelby County is also served by the Shelby County Reporter, a weekly newspaper based in Columbiana, the county seat. During the 1990s, the Hoover Outlook served the city but is no longer in publication.

See also List of television stations in Alabama
See also List of radio stations in Alabama

Points of interest

References

External links

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