Jarmo: see Mesopotamia.
Jarmo (Qal'at Jarmo) is an archeological site located in Northern Iraq on the foothills of Zagros Mountains east of Kirkuk city (coordinates 35°34'N, 44°55'E). It is known as the oldest agricultural community in the world, dating back to 7000 BC. Jarmo is broadly contemporary with such other important Neolithic sites such as Jericho in the southern Levant and Çatal Hüyük in Anatolia.The site of Jarmo is approximately three to four acres (12,000 to 16,000 m²) in size and lies at an altitude of 800 metres above sea level in a belt of oak and pistachio woodlands. It was one of the first human civilizations.

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