Jacob Jennings Brown

Jacob Jennings Brown

Brown, Jacob Jennings, 1775-1828, American general, b. Bucks co., Pa. In the War of 1812 he defeated (May, 1813) a British attempt to take Sackets Harbor, N.Y., and the next year became commander of the Niagara frontier. Brown crossed the Niagara, took Fort Erie, and drove the British back toward York (now Toronto). On July 25, 1814, he fought the battle of Lundy's Lane, in which he was wounded. From 1821 to 1828 he was general-in-chief of the U.S. army.

Jacob Jennings Brown (May 9, 1775February 24, 1828) was an American army officer in the War of 1812.


Born in Bucks County, Pennsylvania, he was the son of Samuel and Abi (White) Brown. Raised a Quaker, he graduated from the University of Pennsylvania in 1790. He taught school and in 1798 moved to upstate New York.

When the War of 1812 began, he was brigadier general in the New York militia. Though he opposed the war, he organized the defenses in the Great Lakes region. He defeated the British at the Battle of Sackett's Harbor on May 29, 1813. The next year his army captured Fort Erie on Ontario. He was wounded twice at the Battle of Lundy's Lane, one of the bloodiest of the war for both sides. His successes in the northwest made him a national hero.

After the war, the Army was cut and in 1821, he was the only major-general in the service. President James Monroe made him commanding general of the army, but he was unable to do much in the post because of a stroke. He died in Washington, D.C.

The following counties, towns and institutions are named after Jacob Jennings Brown:

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