Definitions

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D

[dee]
D is the fourth letter in the Latin alphabet. Its name in English is spelled dee or occasionally de ().

History

Egyptian hieroglyph
door
Proto-Semitic
Dal, Daleth
Phoenician
Daleth
Etruscan
D
Greek
Delta
Roman
D
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The Semitic letter Dâlet probably developed from the logogram for a fish or a door. There are various Egyptian hieroglyphs that might have inspired this. In Semitic, Ancient Greek, and Latin, the letter was pronounced /d/; in the Etruscan alphabet the letter was superfluous, but still maintained (see letter B). Greek letter: Δ (capital) or δ (small) (Delta).

The minuscule (lower-case) form of D consists of a loop and a tall vertical stroke. It developed by gradual variations on the majuscule (capital) form. In handwriting, it was common to start the arc to the left of the vertical stroke, resulting in a serif at the top of the arc. This serif was extended while the rest of the letter was reduced, resulting in an angled stroke and loop. The angled stroke slowly developed into a vertical stroke.

Usage

In most languages using the Latin alphabet, the letter d represents the sound /d/, but in the Vietnamese alphabet it represents the sound /z/ in the north and /j/ in the south. At the end of German words, d represents /t/. In Fijian it stands for the prenasalized stop /nd/. In some languages where voiceless unaspirated stops contrast with voiceless aspirated stops, d represents an unaspirated /t/, while t represents an aspirated /tʰ/. Examples of such languages include Icelandic, Scottish Gaelic, Navajo, and the Pinyin transliteration of Mandarin.

Codes for computing

In Unicode the capital D is codepoint U+0044 and the lowercase d is U+0064.

The ASCII code for capital D is 68 and for lowercase the d is 100; or in binary 01000100 and 01100100, respectively.

The EBCDIC code for capital D is 196 and for lowercase d is 132.

The numeric character references in HTML and XML are "D" and "d" for upper and lower case respectively.

References

See also

af:D als:D ar:D arc:D ast:D az:D bs:D ca:D cs:D co:D cy:D da:D de:D dv:D et:D el:D es:D eo:D eu:D fa:D fur:D gan:D gd:D gl:D ko:D hr:D io:D ilo:D ik:D is:D it:D he:D ka:D kw:D sw:D ht:D la:D lv:D lb:D lt:D hu:D mzn:D ms:D nah:D ja:D no:D nn:D nrm:D pl:D pt:D crh:D ro:D qu:D se:D scn:D simple:D sk:D sl:D fi:D sv:D tl:D th:D vi:D vo:D wuu:D yo:D zh-yue:D bat-smg:D zh:D

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