A document file format is a text or binary file format for storing documents on a storage media, especially for use by computers. There currently exist a multitude of incompatible document file formats. The file format currently used by Microsoft Word (.doc) is arguably the most widespread de facto-standard.
A rough consensus has been established that XML is to be the basis for future document file formats. Open XML-based standards include DocBook and, more recently, OpenDocument and Office Open XML. OpenDocument became an ISO standard on May 3, 2006. However Microsoft will be using the Office Open XML document format standardized through Ecma International which is currently under standardization in ISO.
In 1993 the ITU-T tried to establish a standard for document file formats, known as the Open Document Architecture (ODA) which was supposed to replace all competing document file formats. It is described in ITU-T documents T.411 through T.421, which are equivalent to ISO 8613. It did not succeed.
Two converging worlds: part 2. (color standards in graphic arts and office systems industry) (Prepress Imaging)
May 01, 1989; The discussion on color standards in graphic arts and the office systems industry continues. The previous article described the...
SGML authoring tools for technical communication. (Standard Generalized Markup Language) (Special Section: Standard Generalized Markup Language)
Aug 01, 1993; The proliferation of computers and the seemingly overwhelming volume of information being produced by them have given rise to a...