Irvingia is a genus of African and Southeast Asian trees in the family Irvingiaceae, sometimes known by the common names wild mango, African mango, or bush mango. They bear edible mango-like fruits, and are especially valued for their fat- and protein-rich nuts, known as ogbono, etima, odika, or dika nuts.
The subtly aromatic nuts are typically dried in the sun for preservation, and are sold whole or in powder form. They may be ground to a paste known variously as dika bread or Gabon chocolate. Their high content of mucilage enables them to be used as thickening agents for dishes such as ogbono soup. The nuts may also be pressed for vegetable oil.
The fruit is a large drupe, with fibrous flesh.
The trees yield a hard wood, useful in construction.
A traditional food plant in Africa, this little-known vegetable has potential to improve nutrition, boost food security, foster rural development and support sustainable landcare.
Irvingia gabonensis fat: nutritional properties and effect of increasing amounts on the growth and lipid metabolism of young rats wistar sp.(Research)(Report)
Mar 04, 2011; Authors: Thierry Joel Nangue (corresponding author) ; Hilaire Macaire Womeni ; Felicite Tchouanguep Mbiapo ; Jacques...
The effect of irvingia gabonensis seeds on body weight and blood lipids of obese subjects in Cameroon.(Irvingia)(Report)(Brief article)
Feb 01, 2009; Dietary fibres are frequently used for the treatment of obesity. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of...
IGOB131, a novel seed extract of the West African plant Irvingia gabonensis , significantly reduces body weight and improves metabolic parameters in overweight humans in a randomized double-blind placebo controlled investigation.(Research)(Report)
Mar 02, 2009; Authors: Judith L Ngondi ; Blanche C Etoundi ; Christine B Nyangono ; Carl MF Mbofung ; Julius E Oben (corresponding...