Confederation of five (later six) Indian tribes across upper New York that in the 17th–18th century played a strategic role in the struggle between the French and British for supremacy in North America. The five original nations were the Mohawk, Oneida, Onondaga, Cayuga, and Seneca; the Tuscarora, a non-voting member, joined in 1722. According to tradition, the confederacy was founded between 1570 and 1600 by Dekanawidah, born a Huron (see Wyandot), carrying out the earlier ideas of Hiawatha, an Onondaga. Cemented mainly by their desire to stand together against invasion, the tribes united in a common council composed of 50 sachems; each original tribe had one vote, and unanimity was the rule. At first the confederacy barely withstood attacks from the Huron and Mohican (Mahican), but by 1628 the Mohawk had defeated the Mohican and established themselves as the region's dominant tribe. When the Iroquois destroyed the Huron in 1648–50, they were attacked by the Huron's French allies. During the American Revolution, the Oneida and Tuscarora sided with the American colonists while the rest of the league, led by Joseph Brant, fought for the British. The loyalist Iroquois were defeated in 1779 near Elmira, N.Y., and the confederacy came to an end.
Learn more about Iroquois Confederacy with a free trial on Britannica.com.
There were 84 households out of which 32.1% had children under18 living with them, 65.5% were married couples living together, 6.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 22.6% were non-families. 21.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.3% had someone living alone who was 65 or older. The average household size was 2.46 and the average family size 2.83.
In the village the population was 24.2% under 18, 7.7% from 18 to 24, 27.5% from 25 to 44, 25.6% from 45 to 64, and 15.0% who were 65 or older. The median age was 40. For every 100 females there were 95.3 males. For every 100 females 18 and over, there were 101.3 males.
The median income for a household inwas $35,781, and the median income for a family $40,250. Males had a median income of $31,875 versus $23,438 for females. The per capita income for the village was $16,624. 1.6% of the population and 0.0% of families were below the poverty line. 0% of those under 18 and 3.4% of those 65 and older were below the poverty line.