iritis

iritis

[ahy-rahy-tis]
iritis, inflammation of the iris, the pigmented portion of the eye surrounding the pupil. The condition is sometimes associated with diabetes, with rheumatic diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis, and with infections such as syphilis. Iritis may cause severe pain, a swollen, discolored iris, abnormal sensitivity to light, and blurred vision. If not quickly treated, it may result in impaired vision or blindness. Iritis is treated with antibiotics or other drugs to eliminate infection, atropine to dilate the pupil and prevent scarring, and sometimes steroids to reduce inflammation.
Iritis is a form of anterior uveitis and refers to the inflammation of the iris of the eye.

Types

There are two main types of iritis: acute and chronic. Acute iritis is a type of iritis that can heal independently within a few weeks. If treatment is provided, acute iritis improves quickly. Chronic iritis can exist for months or years before recovery occurs. Chronic iritis does not respond to treatment as well as acute iritis does. Chronic iritis is also accompanied by a higher risk of serious visual impairment.others

Signs and symptoms

  • Ocular and periorbital pain
  • Photophobia
  • Consensual photophobia (pain in affected eye when light is shone in unaffected eye)
  • Blurred or cloudy vision
  • Reddened eye, especially adjacent to the iris
  • White blood cells (leukocytes) (resulting in a grey or near-white haze) and protein (resulting in tiny white dots) in the anterior chamber, often called "cells and flare."
  • Synechia (adhesion of iris to lens or cornea)

Causes and Comorbidities

  • Physical eye trauma

Inflammatory and Autoimmune Disorders:

Infections:

Cancers:

Iritis is usually secondary to some other systemic condition, but can be the only apparent somatic symptom.

Complications

Complications of iritis may include the following:

Treatment

References

External links

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