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Seoul Subway Line 1

Seoul Subway Line 1 of the Seoul Metropolitan Subway links central Seoul, South Korea to Soyosan Station in the northeast, Incheon in the southwest, and Cheonan via Suwon in the south. This line covers a large part of the Seoul National Capital Area. The line first opened in 1974 between Seoul Station and Cheongnyangni Station, the only underground portion of the line (7.8 km). Commuter railway service was most recently extended to Cheonan in January 2005.

Frequent service is provided between Soyosan, Dongducheon, Uijeongbu, Cheongnyangni, Seoul, Yongsan, and Guro, where trains split between Incheon in the west and Byeongjeom and Cheonan in the south. Express trains operate from Yongsan and Seoul Stations to Dongincheon and Cheonan stations.

Most of the line's length travels along the Gyeongbu (Seoul-Cheonan), Gyeongin (Guro-Incheon), and Gyeongwon (Hoegi-Soyosan).

In June 2006, Jinwi and Jije Stations opened on the Gyeongbu Line, and Dangjeong Station (temporary name, may be opened as Hansei University Station) will be constructed between Gunpo and Uiwang Stations, also on the Gyeongbu Line. Part of the Gyeongwon Line from Dongducheon (formerly Dongan) to Uijeongbu was merged into Line 1 in December 2006.

Korea's first subway line was constructed with the technical and economic aid of Japan. However, some say that the total extent of Japanese aid was hidden from Koreans at that time.

Rapid (Express) trains

Korail operates Rapid Trains for long distance commuter service on Line 1. There's Yongsan-Cheonan (A rapid), Yongsan-Dongincheon, Soyosan-Dongincheon, Seoul-Cheonan rapid (B rapid). Rapid train stations are marked below.

Stations

Seoul Subway Line 1 (Gyeongwon/Metro/Gyeongbu/Gyeongin)

Station # Station name Transferrable lines Station type Doors open
in Gyeonggi province
100 Soyosan Aboveground
101 Dongducheon Aboveground
102 Bosan Aboveground
103 Dongducheonjungang Aboveground
104 Jihaeng Aboveground
105 Deokjeong Aboveground
106 Deokgye Aboveground
107 Yangju Aboveground
108 Nogyang Aboveground
109 Ganeung Aboveground
110 Uijeongbu Aboveground Left
111 Hoeryong Aboveground Left
112 Mangwolsa Aboveground Left
in Seoul
113 Dobongsan Line 7 Aboveground Left
114 Dobong Aboveground Left
115 Banghak Aboveground Left
116 Chang-dong Line 4 Aboveground Left
117 Nokcheon Aboveground Left
118 Wolgye Aboveground Left
119 Seongbuk Aboveground Right
120 Seokgye Line 6 Aboveground Right
121 Sinimun Aboveground Left
122 Hankuk University of Foreign Studies Aboveground Right
123 Hoegi Jungang Aboveground Right
124 Cheongnyangni (underground) Underground Right
125 Jegi-dong Underground Left
126 Sinseol-dong Line 2 Underground Left
127 Dongmyo Line 6 Underground Left
128 Dongdaemun Line 4 Underground Left
129 Jongno 5-ga Underground Left
130 Jongno 3-ga Line 3, Line 5 Underground Left
131 Jonggak Underground Left
132 City Hall Line 2 Underground Left
133 Seoul Station Line 4 & KTX Gyeongbu Line & A'REX (under construction) Underground Right
134 Namyeong Aboveground Right
135 Yongsan Yongsan-Deokso via Gyeongwon, Gwangmyeong Shuttle & KTX Honam Line Aboveground Left
136 Noryangjin Line 9 (under construction) Aboveground Left
137 Daebang Aboveground Left
138 Singil Line 5 Aboveground Left
139 Yeongdeungpo Aboveground Left
140 Sindorim Line 2 via Sinjeong Branch Aboveground Right
141 Guro Line 1 via Gyeongbu, Gwangmyeong Shuttle Aboveground Right
142 Guil Aboveground Left
143 Gaebong Aboveground Right
144 Oryu-dong Aboveground Right
145 Onsu Line 7 Aboveground Right
in Gyeonggi province
146 Yeokgok Aboveground Right (Express: Left)
147 Sosa Aboveground Right
148 Bucheon Aboveground Right (Express: Left)
149 Jung-dong Aboveground Right
150 Songnae Aboveground Right (Express: Left)
in Incheon
151 Bugae Aboveground Right
152 Bupyeong Incheon Subway Line 1 Aboveground Right (Express: Left)
153 Baegun Aboveground Right
154 Dongam Aboveground Right (Express: Left)
155 Ganseok Aboveground Right
156 Juan Incheon Subway Line 2 (planned) Aboveground Right (Express: Left)
157 Dohwa Aboveground Right
158 Jemulpo Aboveground Right
159 Dowon Aboveground Right
160 Dongincheon Aboveground Right (Express: Left)
161 Incheon Line 4 via Ansan, Suin Line (under construction) Aboveground Random

Seoul Subway Line 1 (Gyeongbu/Janghang)

Station # Station name Transferrable lines Station type Doors open
in Seoul
through trains to Seoul & Dongducheon
134 Namyeong Aboveground Right
135 Yongsan Jungang Line via Gyeongwon, Gwangmyeong Shuttle & KTX Honam Line Aboveground Left
136 Noryangjin Line 9 (under construction), Gwangmyeong Shuttle Aboveground Left
137 Daebang Gwangmyeong Shuttle Aboveground Left
138 Singil Line 5, Gwangmyeong Shuttle Aboveground Left
139 Yeongdeungpo Gwangmyeong Shuttle Aboveground Left
140 Sindorim Line 2 via Sinjeong Branch, Gwangmyeong Shuttle Aboveground Right
141 Guro Line 1 via (Gyeongin) Aboveground/Straight Right
P142 Gasan Digital Complex (가산디지털단지역) (formerly Garibong) Line 7, Gwangmyeong Shuttle Aboveground/Straight Left
P143 Doksan, Gwangmyeong Shuttle Aboveground/Straight Left
P144 Siheung, Gwangmyeong Shuttle Gwangmyeong Shuttle Aboveground/Straight Right
in Gyeonggi province
P145 Seoksu Aboveground/Straight Right
P146 Gwanak Aboveground/Straight Right
P147 Anyang Aboveground/Straight Right
P148 Myeonghak Aboveground/Straight Right
P149 Geumjeong Line 4 via Ansan and Gwacheon Aboveground/Straight Left
P150 Gunpo Aboveground/Straight Right
Dangjeong (planned) Aboveground
P151 Uiwang (formerly Bugok) Aboveground/Straight Right
P152 Sungkyunkwan University Aboveground/Straight Right
P153 Hwaseo Aboveground/Straight Left
P154 Suwon Bundang Line,Suin Line (under construction) Aboveground/Straight Right
P155 Seryu Aboveground/Straight Left
P156 Byeongjeom Aboveground/Straight Random
P157 Sema Aboveground/Curved Left
P158 Osan College Aboveground/Straight Left
P159 Osan Aboveground/Straight Left
P160 Jinwi Aboveground/Straight
P161 Songtan Aboveground/Straight Left
P162 Seojeongni Aboveground/Straight Left
P163 Jije Aboveground/Straight
P164 Pyeongtaek Aboveground/Straight Right
in South Chungcheong province
P165 Seonghwan Aboveground/Straight Left
P166 Jiksan Aboveground/Straight Right
P167 Dujeong Aboveground/Straight Left
P168 Cheonan Janghang Line (under construction) Aboveground/Straight Random
P169 Bongmyeong (under construction) Janghang Line (under construction)
P170 Ssangyong (under construction) Janghang Line (under construction)
P171 Asan (under construction) Janghang Line (under construction)
P172 Baebang (under construction) Janghang Line (under construction)
P173 Sinchang (under construction) Janghang Line (under construction)

Gwangmyeong Station extension

Station # Station name Transferrable lines Station type Doors open
through trains to Yongsan
135 Yongsan Line 1 via Gyeongbu, Jungang Line & KTX Honam Line Aboveground Left
136 Noryangjin

Line 1 via Gyeongbu, Line 9 (under construction) Aboveground Left
137 Daebang

Line 1 via Gyeongbu Aboveground Left
138 Singil Line 1 via Gyeongbu Aboveground Left
139 Yeongdeungpo Line 1 via Gyeongbu Aboveground Left
140 Sindorim Line 1 via Gyeongbu, Line 2 and Sinjeong Branch Aboveground Right
141 Guro Line 1 via Gyeongbu and Gyeongin Aboveground/Straight Right
P142 Gasan Digital Complex (formerly Garibong) Line 1 via Gyeongbu Aboveground/Straight Left
P143 Doksan Line 1 via Gyeongbu Aboveground/Straight Left
P144 Siheung Line 1 via Gyeongbu Aboveground/Straight Right
in Gyeonggi province
K410 Gwangmyeong KTX Aboveground/Straight Left

In Culture

Seoul subway line 1 is the setting and inspiration for the Korean rock musical, 지하철 1호선, by Hakchon Theater troupe based on the German musical, Linie 1 by Volker Ludwig.

Historical Timeline

1974

August 15 — Line 1 is officially opened as a system of 38 metro stations from Seongbuk (the northern terminus) to Incheon and Suwon.

1979

February 1Yuljeon Station is opened.

1980

January 5Sinimun Station is opened.
April 1Seobinggo, Hannam (from the Gyeongwon line by Yongsan) and Hoegi Stations are opened.

1982

August 2Seoksu Station is opened.

1984

January 1Yuljeon Station renamed Seongdae-ap Station.
May 22Sindorim Station is opened.
November 20Baegun Station is opened.

1985

January 14Seokgye Station is opened.
August 22Wolgye and Nokcheon Stations are opened.
October 18Oksu Station is opened.

1986

September 22 — 6 stations from Uijeongbu to Chang-dong are incorporated into Line 1 as a northward extension.

1987

October 5Uijeongbu Bukbu Station is opened.
December 31Jung-dong Station is opened.

1988

January 16Onsu Station is opened.
October 25Geumjeong Station is opened.

1994

July 11Ganseok and Dowon Stations are opened.
December 1Seongdae-ap Station renamed Sungkyunkwan University Station.

1995

February 16Guil Station is opened.

1996

January 1Hwigyeong Station renamed Hankuk Univ. of Foreign Studies Station.
March 28Bugae Station is opened.

1997

April 30Sosa Station is opened.

1998

January 7Singil and Doksan Stations are opened.

1999

January 29

2001

November 30Dohwa Station is opened.

2002

March 15

2003

April 30Seryu and Byeongjeom Stations are incorporated into Line 1 as a southward extension.

2004

August 25Bugok Station renamed Uiwang Station.

2005

January 20 — 8 stations from Byeongjeom to Cheonan are incorporated into Line 1 as another southward extension.
December 16
December 21Dongmyo Station is opened.
December 27Sema and Osan College Stations are opened.

2006

June 30Jinwi and Jije Stations are opened.
July 1 — Garibong Station renamed Gasan Digital Complex Station.
December 15 — 8 stations from Soyosan to Uijeongbu Bukbu are incorporated into Line 1 as a northward extension; spur line to Gwangmyeong Station is operational; Uijeongbu Bukbu Station renamed Ganeung Station.

2007

December 28Deokgye Station is opened; Junae Station renamed Yangju Station.

See also

External links

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