It can occur in conjunction with Kawasaki disease.
Primary (idiopathic) intestinal pseudoobstruction is a diagnosis of exclusion, and may be based on family history. It may be caused by problems with the smooth muscle of the intestines (hollow visceral myopathy), or may be caused by problems with the nerves that supply the gut.
There is no cure for primary pseudoobstruction. It is important that nutrition and hydration is maintained, and pain relief is given. Drugs that increase the propulsive force of the intestines have been tried, as have different types of surgery.
Intestinal stasis, which may lead to bacterial overgrowth, and, subsequently, diarrhea or malabsorption is treated with antibiotics.
Use of octreotide has been described.
Colostomy or ileostomy can bypass affected parts if they are distal to (come after) the stoma. For instance, if only the large colon that is affected, an ileostomy may be helpful.
Resection of affected parts may be needed if part of the gut dies (for instance toxic megacolon), or if there is a localised area of dysmotility.
Gastric and colonic pacemakers have been tried. These are strips placed along the colon which create an electric discharge intended to cause the muscle to contract in a controlled manner.
There is also a transplant surgery that could be done. It includes taking out six organs which are the pancreas, stomach, small intestine, liver and duodenum. This surgery has only been performed once by Doctor Kareem Abu-Elmagd on Gretchen Miller, the subject of the Discovery Channel program Surgery Saved My Life.
Measurement of urine and plasma oxalate with reusable strip of amaranthus leaf oxalate oxidase.(Research Paper)(Clinical report)
Sep 01, 2007; Byline: Nisha. Sharma, Minakshi. Sharma, V. Kumar, C. Pundir A reusable strip of oxalate oxidase was prepared by immobilizing...
The treatment of small intestinal bacterial overgrowth with enteric-coated peppermint oil: a case report. (Peppermint Oil).
Oct 01, 2002; Abstract Recent investigations have shown that bacterial overgrowth of the small intestine is associated with a number of...