The candlepower as a scientific measure was replaced in 1948 by the international unit (SI) known as the candela. However, the word candlepower persists as a legacy term in common use. This may be because of its intuitive nature, similar to the survival of the scientifically obsolete term "horsepower". In current English usage, candlepower now means the number of candelas radiated.
At this time the French standard of light was based upon the illumination from a Carcel Burner. The unit was defined as that illumination emanating from a lamp burning pure colza oil (obtained from the seed of the plant Brassica campestris) at a defined rate. It was accepted that ten Standard Candles were about equal to one Carcel burner.
In 1909 a meeting took place to come up with an international standard. It was attended by representatives of the Laboratoire Central de l’Electricité (France), the National Physical Laboratory (UK), the Bureau of Standards (United States) and the Physikalische Technische Reichsanstalt (Germany). The majority redefined the candle in term of an electric lamp with a carbon filament. The Germans, however, dissented and decided to use a definition equal to 9⁄10ths of the output of a Hefner lamp.
In 1921, the Commission Internationale de l’Eclairage (International Commission for Illumination, commonly referred to as the CIE) redefined the international candle again in terms of a carbon filament incandescent lamp.
In 1937, the international candle was redefined again against the luminous intensity of a blackbody at the freezing point of liquid platinum which was to be 58.9 international candles per square centimeter.
Since 1948 the term candlepower was replaced by the international unit (SI) known as the candela. One old candlepower unit is about 0.981 candela. Less scientifically, modern candlepower now equates directly (1:1) to the number of candelas — an implicit increase from its old value.
KJS Canada Inc. acquired the operations of OPICE Inc. and International Candle Enterprises Inc., Port Perry, ON.(Brief Article)
Jul 01, 2004; KJS Canada Inc. acquired the operations of OPICE Inc. and international Candle Enterprises Inc., Port Perry, ON. KJS also owns...