Definitions

Internal iliac vein

Internal iliac vein

The internal iliac vein (hypogastric vein) begins near the upper part of the greater sciatic foramen, passes upward behind and slightly medial to the hypogastric artery and, at the brim of the pelvis, joins with the external iliac to form the common iliac vein.

Tributaries

With the exception of the fetal umbilical vein which passes upward and backward from the umbilicus to the liver, and the iliolumbar vein which usually joins the common iliac vein, the tributaries of the hypogastric vein correspond with the branches of the hypogastric artery.

Receives Description
gluteal vein
internal pudendal vein
obturator veins
have their origins outside the pelvis;
lateral sacral veins lie in front of the sacrum
middle hemorrhoidal vein
vesical vein
uterine vein
vaginal veins
originate in venous plexuses connected with the pelvic viscera.

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