Premier League of Bosnia and Herzegovina is at the top of the structure. It is the top flight in Bosnian club football and has 16 teams. The League champion is also the champion of Bosnia and Herzegovina and it gets the right to play in the UEFA Champions League qualifying rounds. The bottom two teams of the table are relegated to the second level of competition.
The second tier is divided into two leagues - First league of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina and First league of Republika Srpska, both containing 16 clubs. Relegated teams from the Premier league are demoted to the second level competition for the next season. Geographical location is the criteria for the decision in which one of these two leagues they will play. Winner of the league is promoted to Premier League, and bottom teams are relegated. The number of relegated teams depends on how many teams are entering from the Premier League and the Third Divisions.
Third level football is even more dispersed. Each league is associated with a different geographical area. In Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, there are four second divisions, and in Republika Srpska three second divisions. Same principle of promotion and relegation is used, so the league winners are promoted to the appropriate second level league, and clubs at the bottom of the table are relegated to lower levels.
In Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, there are ten cantons, most of them having their own leagues, organized by cantonal football associations. Depending on how many clubs they have, cantons can have one or more leagues. In Republika Srpska, there are no cantons, but six football regions, each having a league. The First cantonal leagues in the Federation and regional leagues in Republika Srpska comprisethe fourth level of club football.
Further down, there are big differences in organization. Some cantons (with big number of clubs) have second leagues. If there are clubs not associated with any of these leagues, municipality or intermunicipality leagues are organized.
Premier League of Bosnia and Herzegovina|
First league of the Federation of B-H|
First league of Republika Srpska|
Second league of the FBH - North|
Second league of the FBH - Center|
Second league of the FBH - South|
Second league of the FBH - West|
Second league of RS - West|
Second league of RS - Center|
Second league of RS - South|
Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina:|
League of Sarajevo Canton
First league of Tuzla Canton
League of Zenica-Doboj Canton
League of Una-Sana Canton
League of Hercegovina-Neretva Canton
Intercantonal league Livno Canton/West Herzegovina Canton
First League of Posavina Canton
League of Central Bosnia Canton
League of Bosnian Podrinje Canton
Regional league Prijedor
Regional league Gradiška
Regional league Banja Luka
Regional league Doboj
Regional league Bijeljina
Regional league Istočno Sarajevo
First league of Brčko District
Second league of Tuzla Canton - West
Second league of Tuzla Canton - North
Second League of Tuzla Canton - South
Intermunicipality league Gradiška
Intermunicipality league Banja Luka
Intermunicipality league Prijedor
Intermunicipality league Doboj
Intermunicipality league Lukavac/Srebrenik
First municipality league Bijeljina
Second municipality league Bijeljina
Municipality league Prnjavor
Municipality league Ugljevik
Municipality league Zavidovići
Second league of Brčko District
The Cup starts in spring, when lower league teams are playing qualification games. At the beginning the competition is organized by cantonal and regional football associations. By September every canton or region will have representatives in the first round (Last 32) of the Bosnian Cup. Sixteen clubs from qualifying and sixteen Premier League clubs will enter a draw. Only one leg is played in the first round, and two legs in later stages. The Final is also being played over two legs, although the Football Association changes this rule often. Sometimes, only one leg is played in Sarajevo, on Koševo Stadium.
Some cantons use qualifications as a cantonal cup as well. There is also a cup competition in Republika Srpska.