Amoxicillin (INN) or amoxycillin (BAN) is a moderate-spectrum, bacteriolytic, β-lactam antibiotic used to treat bacterial infections caused by susceptible microorganisms. It is usually the drug of choice within the class because it is better absorbed, following oral administration, than other beta-lactam antibiotics. Amoxicillin is susceptible to degradation by β-lactamase-producing bacteria, and so may be given with clavulanic acid to decrease its susceptibility (see below). It is marketed and manufactured by GlaxoSmithKline.
The incidence of β-lactamase-producing resistant organisms, including E. coli, appears to be increasing. Doctors may opt to prescribe co-amoxiclav, amoxicillin combined with β-lactamase inhibitor potassium clavulanate, instead of just amoxicillin to increase the efficacy.
Doubling the routinely given concentration (in pediatrics) of amoxicillin has been shown to eradicate intermediately resistant Streptococcus pneumoniae in selected infections.
The onset of an allergic reaction to amoxicillin can be very sudden and intense - emergency medical attention must be sought as quickly as possible. The initial onset of such a reaction often starts with a change in mental state; skin rash with intense itching (often beginning in fingertips and around groin area and rapidly spreading) and sensations of fever, nausea and vomiting. Any other symptoms that seem even remotely suspicious must be taken very seriously.
The patent for amoxicillin has expired. Thus amoxicillin is marketed under many trade names including: Actimoxi, Alphamox, Amoksibos, Amoxiclav Sandoz, Amoxil, Amoxin, Amoksiklav, Amoxibiotic, Amoxicilina, Apo-Amoxi, Bactox, Betalaktam, Cilamox, Curam, Dedoxil, Dispermox, Duomox, Enhancin, Isimoxin, Klavox, Lamoxy, Moxypen, Moxyvit, Novamoxin, Ospamox, Panklav, Pamoxicillin, Panamox, Polymox, Samthongcillin, Senox, Sinacilin, Trimox, Tolodina, Wymox, Yucla, Zerrsox and Zimox.
Quaternary Structures of Intermediately Ligated Human Hemoglobin A and Influences from Strong Allosteric Effectors: Resonance Raman Investigation
Aug 01, 2005; ABSTRACT The Fe-histidine stretching (ν^sub Fe-His^) frequency was determined for deoxy subunits of intermediately ligated...
A multi-center blinded study on the efficiency of phenotypic screening methods to detect glycopeptide intermediately susceptible Staphylococcus aureus (GISA) and heterogeneous GISA (h-GISA).(Research)
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US Patent Issued to Linares Medical Devices on Sept. 4 for "Temporary Splint Assembly with Semi-Rigid Wrap around Supports in Combination with Intermediately Positioned Joint Cast" (Michigan Inventor)
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