parlance, an inside-the-park home run
or "leg home run" is a play where a hitter scores a home run
without hitting the ball out of play.
To score an inside-the-park home run the player must run, round, and touch all four bases before a fielder tags him out, the same as he would do for a double
. The play often occurs due to a fielding mishap by the defense or a strange bounce in the outfield. If the fielder commits an error
during the act, however, the play is not scored as a home run, but rather advancing on an error. The classic situation occurs when two outfielders collide on their way toward receiving a ball hit to the warning track; the missed ball then bounces first off the track and then low off the fence high and far away from the outfielders. Another situation occurs when the ball tips off the glove of a diving fielder away from the other fielder.
Of the 154,483 home runs hit from 1951 - 2000, 975 (about one in every 158) were inside the park. The percentage has dwindled over the years with the growing propensity toward power hitting and smaller parks.
Single Season Records
- Major League and National League - Sam Crawford - 12 - 1901
- American League - Ty Cobb - 9 - - 1909
Single Game Records
World Series Inside the Park Homers
| These are the ONLY to date
|| 10/1/1903 Gm. 1 Jimmy Sebring (PITT)
|| 10/2/1903 Gm.2 Patsy Dougherty (BOS)
|| 10/13/1915 Gm. 5 Duffy Lewis (BOS)
|| 10/9/1916 Gm.2 Hi Meyers (BRO)
|| 10/11/1916 Gm.4 Larry Gardner (BOS)
|| 10/10/1923 Gm. 1 Casey Stengel (NYG)
|| 10/3/1926 Gm.2 Tommy Thevenow (STL)
|| 10/7/1928 Gm. 3 Lou Gehrig (NYY)
|| 10/12/1929 Gm.4 Mule Haas (CHI)
- Roberto Clemente, one of the greatest outfielders in Baseball history, is also the only player in baseball history to have hit a game-winning inside-the-park grand slam.
- Jimmy Sheckard completed a phenomenal feat in 1901, hitting inside-the-park grand slams in consecutive games on consecutive days with the Brooklyn Superbas (later the Brooklyn Dodgers). Sheckard is the only person in Major League Baseball history to do so.
- Ed Delahanty of the Philadelphia Phillies, on July 13, 1896, hit four home runs in one game (itself quite a rare feat), two of them were inside-the-park home runs. This event is the only time any homers in a four-homer game have been inside-the-park.
- With his inside the park homer on June 17, 2007, Prince Fielder became the 3rd largest player to hit an inside the park home run, at 260 pounds. His homer came when Outfielder Lew Ford of the Minnesota Twins lost a ball in the roof of the Hubert H. Humphrey Metrodome. Prince Fielder would hit another almost a year later on June 19, 2008. The ball became lodged under the wall, as Toronto Blue Jays right fielder, Alex Rios, signaled to the umpires that the ball was lost, Prince Fielder proceeded to round the bases. This resulted in an inside-the-park home run, as Miller Park has no such ground rule.
- Rookie catcher Geovany Soto of the Chicago Cubs was credited with an inside-the-park home run against the Houston Astros on May 19, 2008, though replays showed the ball should have been called an automatic home run.
Inside-the-park grand slams
An inside-the-park grand slam
is the same event but, like a grand slam
, features the bases loaded for an inside-the-park home run. There have been 40 inside-the-park grand slams in Major League Baseball
since 1950 and only eight since 1990 (as of 2007
). Honus Wagner
had the most in MLB history with five.