inhered with

Karl Löwith

Karl Löwith (January 9, 1897 in MunichMay 26, 1973 in Heidelberg) was a German-Jewish philosopher, a student of Heidegger. Like most of his ethnicity and profession he left Germany during the Nazizeit, but returned in 1952 to teach as Professor of Philosophy at Heidelberg.

He is probably most known for his two books From Hegel to Nietzsche, which describes the decline of German classical philosophy, and Meaning in History, which discusses the problematic relationship between theology and history. Löwith's argument in Meaning in History is that the western view of history is confused by the relationship between Christian faith and the modern view, which is neither Christian nor pagan. Löwith describes this relationship through famous western philosophers and historians, including Burckhardt, Marx, Hegel, Voltaire, Vico, Bossuet, Augustine and Orosius. The modern historical consciousness is, according to Löwith, derived from Christianity. But, Christians are not a historical people, as their view of the world is based on faith. This explains the tendency in history (and philosophy) to an eschatological view of human progress.


  • Löwith, Karl (1964). From Hegel to Nietzsche. Columbia University Press.
  • Löwith, Karl (1957). Meaning in History: The Theological Implications of the Philosophy of History. University Of Chicago Press.

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