[ing-ger-sawl, -sol, -suhl]
Ingersoll, Charles Jared, 1782-1862, American political leader and author, b. Philadelphia; son of Jared Ingersoll (1749-1822). In several influential publications, including Inchiquin: The Jesuit's Letters on American Literature and Politics (1810), he argued for more intellectual independence and national self-sufficiency. Admitted to the bar in 1802, Ingersoll served (1813-15) as a Jeffersonian in Congress and was (1815-29) U.S. district attorney for Pennsylvania. He returned to Congress (1841-49), where he was chairman of the Committee on Foreign Affairs and was influential in securing the annexation of Texas. Besides several plays, including Julian: A Tragedy (pub. 1831), he wrote a four-volume history of the War of 1812 (1845-52) and his recollections (1861).

See biography by W. M. Meigs (1897, repr. 1970).

Ingersoll, Jared, 1722-81, American colonial official, b. Milford, Conn. He was made (1751) king's attorney in New Haven, and later he sailed (1758) for England as a colonial agent. From a second trip (1763) he returned (1765) with a commission to distribute stamps under the highly unpopular Stamp Act. A mob, led by John Durkee, forced Ingersoll to resign. He was later crown judge of the Philadelphia vice-admiralty court until, in the American Revolution, Loyalist-hunting colonials forced him to return to New Haven. His son, Jared Ingersoll, however, supported the Revolution.

See biography by L. H. Gipson (1920, repr. 1971).

Ingersoll, Jared, 1749-1822, American jurist, b. New Haven, Conn.; son of Jared Ingersoll (1722-81) and father of Charles Jared Ingersoll. After studying law in England, he was admitted (1773) to the bar in Philadelphia and became a leading attorney; he later argued many important cases before the U.S. Supreme Court. He served (1780-81) in the Continental Congress and was (1787) a delegate to the Federal Constitutional Convention. In Pennsylvania he was attorney general (1790-99, 1811-17), U.S. district attorney (1800-1801), and presiding judge (1821-22) of the district court of Philadelphia co. In 1812 he was the unsuccessful candidate for Vice President, running on the antiwar Republican and Federalist ticket headed by De Witt Clinton.

See H. Binney, The Leaders of the Old Bar of Philadelphia (1859).

Ingersoll, Robert Green, 1833-99, American orator and lawyer, b. Dresden, N.Y. The son of a Congregational minister who settled eventually in Illinois, Ingersoll was admitted (1854) to the bar and became a court lawyer. He served in the Union army during the Civil War. Although previously a Democrat, he emerged from the war a Republican, and in 1876 he nominated James G. Blaine for President in his famous "plumed knight" speech. He served (1867-69) as attorney general of Illinois, but his antireligious beliefs prevented any further advance. Known as "the great agnostic," Ingersoll questioned the tenets of Christian belief in such lectures as "The Gods" (1872), "Some Mistakes of Moses" (1879), "Why I Am an Agnostic" (1896), and "Superstition" (1898), drawing large audiences through his eloquence and irreverent wit and provoking denunciations from the orthodox. One of the greatest orators of his day, Ingersoll was acclaimed by Henry Ward Beecher as the "most brilliant speaker of the English tongue of all the men on the globe." His lectures were widely read for a generation, and editions of his works still circulate; the Dresden edition (12 vol., 1900) has been reprinted several times.

See his letters, ed. by E. I. Wakefield (1951, repr. 1974); biographies by C. H. Cramer (1952), O. P. Larson (1962), and D. D. Anderson (1972).

Ingersoll, town (1991 pop. 9,378), S Ont., Canada, on the Thames River, E of London. It has a large dairy-processing industry. Named for Thomas Ingersoll, father of the Canadian heroine Laura Secord, it was the birthplace of Aimée Semple McPherson.
Ingersoll (2006 population 11,760) is a town in Oxford County on the Thames River in southwestern Ontario, Canada. The nearest city is Woodstock, Ontario to the east, with Tillsonburg, Ontario to the south and London to the west.

Ingersoll is situated north and near Highway 401. Oxford County Road 119 (formerly Ontario Highway 19) serves the town. The local high school is Ingersoll District Collegiate Institute.

The town was founded by Thomas Ingersoll (Laura Secord's father) as Oxford-on-the-Thames. The town was later renamed Ingersoll in his honour.

The area was well known for cheese production, and was home to the first such factory in Canada from approximately 1840. In 1866, a giant block of cheese weighing was produced at the James Harris Cheese Factory for promotion of the town's cheese industry. The "Big Cheese" was exhibited in England and in the United States at the New York State Fair in Saratoga.

Ingersoll is the hometown of Canadian author David Manicom.

Heavy manufacturing is currently Ingersoll's largest industry, including manufacturers such as CAMI Automotive, a 50–50 joint venture between Suzuki and General Motors of Canada Ltd..

Ingersoll is home to the annual Ribfest, a local rib cook-off, , as well as The Ingersoll Harvest Festival, The Canterbury Folk Festival, and The Winter Lights Festival. Ingersoll is a regular participant in the Communities in Bloom program.

Ingersoll is home to the Fusion Youth Centre, a municipally funded, drop-in program centre that caters to youth ages 12-18. Located on Thames St., it is in the building formally used as Sacred Heart School. Fusion opened in 2006 and is continually growing in terms of programs, membership, and staff. Programs include, but are not limited to: Sew Kool, Cooking, Guitar and Bass lessons, Girls Group, Guys Group, Drop-in Sports, Gardening, Duke of Edinburgh Awards, Jam sessions, Snack Shack, Art Factory, Jewelery University, Rebuild-it (level 1 &2), Photography, Video editing and many more.

The Ingersoll Youth Advisory Council (IYAC) is a group of youth assembled in order to provide input to Town Council on matters pertaining to youth in Ingersoll. Meetings are held weekly at the Fusion Youth Centre Board Room, and are led by the chair and vice chair of the council. One adult advisor is present at each meeting in order to faciliate and supervise the meetings. As of 2008, the IYAC has participated in the TORC conference, TYPS conference, and is planning on attending many more conferences that as pertinant to youth issues. They have initiated a Recycling campaign for Ingersoll, and have initiated a youth column in the Ingersoll Times, and broadcasted on Youth TV.

Ingersoll offers amenities to the public such as the Victoria Park Community Centre, Alexandra Hospital, ILERC, Ingersoll Support Services, VON, Oxford Child and Youth Services, Ingersoll Memorial Arena, Ingersoll Public Library, Ingersoll Cheese Museum, as well as many more.


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