Definitions

inferior planets

Conjunction (astronomy and astrology)

Conjunction is a term used in positional astronomy and astrology. It means that, as seen from some place (usually the Earth), two celestial bodies appear near one another in the sky. The event is also sometimes known as an appulse.

The astronomical and astrological symbol of conjunction is ☌(in Unicode x260c) and handwritten:

Passing close

More generally, in the particular case of two planets, it means that they merely have the same right ascension (and hence the same hour angle). This is called conjunction in right ascension. However there is also the term conjunction in ecliptical longitude. At such conjunction both objects have the same ecliptical longitude. Conjunction in right ascension and conjunction in ecliptical longitude do not normally take place at the same time, but in most cases nearly at the same time. However at triple conjunctions, it is possible that a conjunction only in right ascension (or ecliptical length) occur. At the time of conjunction - it does not matter if in right ascension or in ecliptical longitude - the involved planets are close together upon the celestial sphere. In the vast majority of such cases, one of the planets will appear to pass north or south of the other.

Passing closer

However, if two celestial bodies attain the same declination at the time of a conjunction in right ascension (or the same ecliptical latitude at a conjunction in ecliptical longitude), the one that is closer to the Earth will pass in front of the other. In such a case, a syzygy takes place. If one object moves into the shadow of another, the event is an eclipse. For example, if the Moon passes into the shadow of Earth and disappears from view, this event is called a lunar eclipse. If the visible disk of the nearer object is considerably smaller than that of the farther object, the event is called a transit. When Mercury passes in front of the Sun, it is a transit of Mercury, and when Venus passes in front of the Sun, it is a transit of Venus. When the nearer object appears larger than the farther one, it will completely obscure its smaller companion; this is called an occultation. An example of an occultation is when the Moon passes between Earth and the Sun, causing the Sun to disappear either entirely or partially. This phenomenon is commonly known as a solar eclipse (though the term is a misnomer). Occultations in which the larger body is neither the Sun nor the Moon are very rare. More frequent, however, is an occultation of a planet by the Moon. Several such events are visible every year from various places on Earth.

Position of the observer

The term conjunction primarily refers to a phenomenon defined only for the position of the observer, not just to a celestial relationship. However, e.g. for moon and sun observed from the earth, conjunction as a classifying term may apply both to the positions of conjunction (both sun and moon observed jointly in one direction or with similar ecliptical longitude) and to opposition (both sun and moon observed separately in opposite directions or with ecliptical longitude 180 degrees apart).

Superior and inferior

As seen from a planet that is superior, if an inferior planet is on the opposite side of the Sun, it is in superior conjunction with the Sun. An inferior conjunction occurs when the two planets lie in a line on the same side of the Sun. In an inferior conjunction, the superior planet is "in opposition" to the Sun as seen from the inferior planet.

The terms "inferior conjunction" and "superior conjunction" are used in particular for the planets Mercury and Venus, which are inferior planets as seen from the Earth. However, this definition can be applied to any pair of planets, as seen from the one further from the Sun.

A planet (or asteroid or comet) is simply said to be in conjunction, when it is in conjunction with the Sun, as seen from the Earth. The Moon is in conjunction with the Sun at New Moon (or rather Dark Moon).

"Quasi-conjunctions" are also possible; in this scenario, a planet in retrograde motion — always either Mercury or Venus — will "drop back" in right ascension until it almost allows another planet to overtake it, but then the former planet will resume its forward motion and thereafter appear to draw away from it again. This will occur in the morning sky, before dawn; or the reverse may happen in the evening sky after dusk, with Mercury or Venus entering retrograde motion just as it is about to overtake another planet (often Mercury and Venus are both of the planets involved, and when this situation arises they may remain in very close visual proximity for several days or even longer). The quasi-conjunction is reckoned as occurring at the time the distance in right ascension between the two planets is smallest, even though, when declination is taken into account, they may appear closer together shortly before or after this.

Notable conjunctions

2007

A very remarkable planetary/galactic configuration occurred on December 23rd and 24th 2007. The configuration on December 23 — Mars, Earth, Sun, Mercury, Jupiter, Galactic Centre — is shown in the graphic simulation linked below; it becomes even more remarkable in that it will be accompanied by the Full Moon (conjunct Mars) at about 2 a.m. on December 24 when a simultaneous Venus square Neptune occurs. It is even more remarkable in that the Pluto/Sun conjunction appears exactly on the Winter Solstice, just past conjunction with the Galactic Centre.

Link below is the view from Mars toward the Jupiter, Mars, Earth, Mercury, Pluto alignment toward the Galactic Centre on 23 December 2007 which occurs just after the Pluto/Jupiter (Heliocentric) conjunction on 23 November 2007. NASA Solar System Simulator for 23 December 2007

Solar System on Dec 22, 2007. What is not shown is Pluto (which would be to Jupiter's right) Saturn, which follows down from Venus, and Uranus and Neptune. Saturn and Neptune form the cross's t-member. It is a 23/12 configuration. There will be a full moon on Dec. 23, 2007

2002

In late April of 2002, a rare grand conjunction occurred; in which Saturn, Jupiter, Mars, Venus and Mercury were all visible concomitantly in the west-northwest sky, shortly after sundown; this will happen again in early July of 2060, except that on that occasion the quintet will be bunched in the east-northeast sky, shortly before dawn.

2000

In May of 2000, the five brightest planets aligned within 20° of the Sun, as seen from the Earth. This could not be observed since they were too close to the Sun.

1987

On August 24, 1987, the five objects closest to Earth — the Sun, Moon, Mercury, Venus and Mars — were within approximately 5° of one another, the Sun setting first, followed by Mars, Venus, Mercury and the Moon, in that order, within 20 minutes. As in the 2000 conjunction above, this event was unobservable due to the Sun being part of the line-up.

1962

During the new moon and solar eclipse of February 4–5, 1962, an extremely rare grand conjunction of the classical planets occurred (it included all five of the naked-eye planets plus the Sun and Moon), all of them within 16° of one another on the ecliptic. At the precise moment of the new moon/solar eclipse, five celestial bodies (the Sun, Moon, Mercury, Venus, and Jupiter) were clustered within 3° of each other, with the Earth in close conjunction with them. Taken in totality though, this grand conjunction included the Sun, Moon, Mercury, Venus, Mars, Jupiter, and Saturn, with the Earth also in alignment with the Sun and Moon at the exact moment of the new moon/solar eclipse (eight celestial bodies in total).

1899

During the new moon on December 2–3, 1899, a near-grand conjunction of the classical planets and several other binocular bodies occurred. The Sun, Moon, Mercury, Mars and Saturn were all within 15° of each other, with Venus 5° ahead of this conjunction and Jupiter 15° behind. Accompanying the classical planets in this grand conjunction were Uranus (technically visible unaided in pollution-free skies) Ceres and Pallas.

Conjunctions of planets in right ascension 2005-2020

2005

Date Time UTC Planet Angle distance Planet Elongation to sun
January 4 2005 07:04:06 Venus 7°27' south of Pluto 20,8° West
January 5 2005 00:58:49 Mercury 6°59' south of Pluto 21,6° West
January 14 2005 00:40:51 Mercury 21' south of Venus 18.5° West
January 29 2005 07:05:35 Mars 8°15' south of Pluto 45,5° West
February 8 2005 01:29:22 Mercury 2°04' south of Neptune 4.2° West
February 14 2005 19:15:10 Venus 58' south of Neptune 10.7° West
February 20 2005 00:46:34 Mercury 1°00' south of Uranus 4.9° East
March 4 2005 03:31:36 Venus 41' south of Uranus 6.6° West
March 28 2005 22:31:53 Mercury 4°49' north of Venus 1.5° West
April 13 2005 00:26:23 Mars 1°15' south of Neptune 66.0° West
May 14 2005 20:24:10 Mars 1°11' south of Uranus 73.8° West
June 25 2005 21:22:52 Venus 1°18' north of Saturn 22.8° East
June 26 2005 06:13:43 Mercury 1°25' north of Saturn 22.5° East
June 27 2005 20:18:55 Mercury 5' south of Venus 23.3° East
July 7 2005 08:21:22 Mercury 1°38' south of Venus 25.8° East
September 2 2005 12:05:52 Venus 1°22' south of Jupiter 38.7° East
October 6 2005 07:01:37 Mercury 1°28' south of Jupiter 12.6° East
October 29 2005 16:11:20 Venus 11°08' south of Pluto 46,8° East
December 31 2005 15:55:12 Mercury 7°36' south of Pluto 14,9° West

2006

Date Time UTC Planet Angle distance Planet Elongation to sun
January 17 2006 02:23:03 Mercury 7°53'south of Venus 6.5° West
February 1 2006 12:13:51 Mercury 1°57' north of Neptune 4.5° East
February 14 2006 15:40:57 Mercury 2' north of Uranus 14.1° East
March 26 2006 21:02:41 Venus 1°52' north of Neptune 46.5° West
April 18 2006 12:27:31 Venus 19' north of Uranus 45.0° West
June 17 2006 22:50:40 Mars 35' north of Saturn 42.0° East
August 20 2006 22:40:10 Mercury 31' north of Saturn 11.2° West
August 26 2006 23:09:47 Venus 4' north of Saturn 16.3° West
September 15 2006 20:32:28 Mercury 10' south of Mars 12.1° East
October 24 2006 19:44:11 Venus 43' north of Mars 0.6° West
October 25 2006 21:42:16 Mercury 3°56' south of Jupiter 21.2° East
October 28 2006 16:32:15 Mercury 3°43' south of Jupiter 19.1° East
November 7 2006 13:36:58 Mercury 1°14' south of Venus 2.8° East
November 11 2006 17:51:38 Mercury 39' north of Mars 6.2° West
November 15 2006 22:52:15 Venus 27' south of Jupiter 4.8° East
December 8 2006 07:56:23 Venus 7°30' south of Pluto 10,3° East
December 9 2006 20:17:18 Mercury 1°02' north of Mars 15.1° West
December 10 2006 16:31:09 Mercury 8' north of Jupiter 14.8° West
December 11 2006 23:34:02 Mars 49' south of Jupiter 15.7° West
December 25 2006 22:36:44 Mercury 7°48' south of Pluto 15.7° West

2007

Date Time UTC Planet Angle distance Planet Elongation to sun
January 13 2007 14:35:37 Mars 7°19' south of Pluto 25,4° West
January 18 2007 18:10:50 Venus 1°25' south of Neptune 20.1° East
January 26 2007 06:46:07 Mercury 1°28' south of Neptune 12.7° East
February 7 2007 13:13:57 Venus 44' south of Uranus 24.6° East
March 25 2007 07:23:59 Mars 1°00' south of Neptune 43.2° West
April 1 2007 06:59:14 Mercury 1°37' south of Uranus 25.0° West
April 28 2007 18:57:38 Mars 44' south of Uranus 50.6° West
July 2 2007 00:44:38 Venus 46' south of Saturn 42.6° East
August 9 2007 08:46:28 Venus 8°29' south of Saturn 10.6° East
August 15 2007 22:59:23 Mercury 10°04' north of Venus 1.8° East
August 18 2007 11:30:22 Mercury 30' north of Saturn 3.2° East
October 15 2007 14:05:43 Venus 2°56' south of Saturn 45,8° West
December 12 2007 04:24:10 Jupiter 6°07' south of Pluto 8,7° East
December 19 2007 19:58:57 Mercury 7°50' south of Pluto 2,0° East
December 20 2007 21:46:21 Mercury 1°48' south of Jupiter 1,9° East

2008

Date Time UTC Planet Angle distance Planet Elongation to sun
January 23 2008 04:14:53 Mercury 20' north of Neptune 18.5° East
January 24 2008 06:59:58 Venus 5°10' south of Pluto 33.7° West
February 1 2008 04:14:53 Mercury 3°11' north of Neptune 9° East
February 1 2008 12:35:21 Venus 35' north of Jupiter 32° West
February 26 2008 02:34:04 Mercury 1°20' north of Venus 26.1° West
March 6 2008 20:14:29 Venus 36' south of Neptune 24° West
March 9 2008 02:48:02 Mercury 56' south of Neptune 26.2° West
March 23 2008 10:13:50 Mercury 1°03' south of Venus 20.3° West
March 27 2008 17:00:46 Venus 45' south of Uranus 18.6° West
June 8 2008 00:51:42 Mercury 2°59' south of Venus 0.3° West
July 11 2008 06:27:25 Mars 42' south of Saturn 46.2° East
August 13 2008 19:02:26 Venus 14' south of Saturn 18° East
August 16 2008 00:03:43 Mercury 42' south of Saturn 16.1° East
August 23 2008 05:08:57 Mercury 1°15' south of Venus 20.5° East
September 11 2008 04:50:56 Mercury 3°34' south of Venus 25.4° East
September 11 2008 20:36:33 Venus 20' north of Mars 25.5° East
September 12 2008 20:59:16 Mercury 3°26' south of Mars 25.3° East
September 19 2008 05:13:06 Mercury 4°08' south of Mars 23.3° East
November 12 2008 06:27:14 Venus 7°53' south of Pluto 39.4° East
December 1 2008 00:36:13 Venus 2°02' south of Jupiter 42.7° East
December 12 2008 18:12:39 Mercury 7°44' south of Pluto 9.6° East
December 27 2008 01:50:46 Venus 1°45' south of Neptune 46.2° East
December 28 2008 18:13:36 Mars 6°22' south of Pluto 6.3° West
December 31 2008 05:54:23 Mercury 1°17' south of Jupiter 18.6° East

2009

Date Time UTC Planet Angle distance Planet Elongation to sun
January 18 2009 06:19:19 Mercury 3°15' north of Jupiter 4.7° East
January 23 2009 15:34:10 Venus 1°24' north of Uranus 46.3° East
January 26 2009 18:23:39 Mercury 4°25' north of Mars 13.5° West
February 17 2009 09:35:27 Mars 35' south of Jupiter 18.8° West
February 24 2009 03:08:31 Mercury 37' north of Jupiter 24.1° West
March 1 2009 20:21:59 Mercury 36' south of Mars 21.8° West
March 5 2009 00:52:04 Mercury 1°39' south of Neptune 19.9° West
March 8 2009 04:18:03 Mars 48' south of Neptune 22.9° West
March 21 2009 21:36:59 Mercury 1°24' south of Uranus 8.3° West
March 27 2009 11:31:44 Mercury 10°37' south of Venus 4° West
April 15 2009 03:46:10 Mars 28' south of Uranus 30.9° West
April 18 2009 16:22:43 Venus 5°36' north of Mars 29.8° West
May 25 2009 14:20:29 Jupiter 24' south of Neptune 98° West
June 19 2009 14:16:32 Venus 2°02' south of Mars 44.6° West
July 13, 2009 17:22:12 Jupiter 37' south of Neptune 145.5° West
August 18 2009 21:20:26 Mercury 3°27' south of Saturn 25.4° East
September 20 2009 12:26:59 Mercury 5°24' south of Saturn 3° West
October 8 2009 09:19:27 Mercury 19' south of Saturn 17.6° West
October 13 2009 15:39:41 Venus 34' south of Saturn 22.1° West
December 7 2009 06:57:29 Mercury 7°29' south of Pluto 17.1° East
December 20 2009 05:35:39 Jupiter 34' south of Neptune 55.6° East
December 28 2009 04:21:10 Venus 5°24' south of Pluto 3.5° West

2010

Date Time UTC Planet Angle distance Planet Elongation to sun
November 21 2010 00:50:16 Mercury 1°41' south of Mars 18.7° East
December 13 2010 22:03:19 Mars 5°26' south of Pluto 12.7° East
December 14 2010 03:33:06 Mercury 1°02' north of Mars 12.7° East

2011

Date Time UTC Planet Angle distance Planet Elongation to sun
January 2 2011 13:41:09 Jupiter 34' south of Uranus 75° East
January 18 2011 02:28:33 Mercury 4°05' south of Pluto 21.9° West
February 9 2011 23:24:13 Venus 2°20' south of Pluto 44.4° West
February 20 2011 13:50:48 Mercury 1°04' south of Mars 3.7° West
February 20 2011 17:08:01 Mercury 1°41' south of Neptune 3.2° West
February 20 2011 21:28:33 Mars 38' south of Neptune 3.4° West
March 9 2011 18:00:45 Mercury 22' north of Uranus 11.1° East
March 16 2011 17:25:56 Mercury 2°20' north of Jupiter 15.7° West
March 27 2011 00:37:44 Venus 9' south of Neptune 36.3° West
April 3 2011 17:42:55 Mars 14' south of Uranus 12.4° West
April 10 2011 20:05:01 Mercury 3°31' north of Jupiter 2.8° West
April 19 2011 08:23:49 Mercury 47' north of Mars 15.4° West
April 22 2011 18:50:51 Venus 55' south of Uranus 30° West
May 1 2011 11:04:55 Mars 24' north of Jupiter 18.2° West
May 10 2011 22:46:50 Mercury 2°12' south of Jupiter 25.3° West
May 11 2011 09:14:56 Venus 37' south of Jupiter 25.7° West
May 20 2011 01:17:23 Mercury 2°21' south of Mars 22.2° West
May 22 2011 15:13:00 Venus 1°03' south of Mars 22.7° West
August 15 2011 23:17:56 Mercury 6°21' south of Venus 1.3° West
September 30 2011 11:07:16 Venus 1°24' south of Saturn 11.8° East
October 7 2011 08:58:32 Mercury 1°52' south of Saturn 6.1° East
December 1 2011 08:52:19 Venus 5°26' south of Pluto 27.2° East

2012

Date Time UTC Planet Angle distance Planet Elongation to sun
January 13 2012 07:07:30 Venus 1°10' south of Neptune 36.4° East
January 13 2012 08:46:52 Mercury 4°34' south of Pluto 15.1° West
February 10 2012 05:19:14 Venus 20' north of Uranus 41.3° East
February 14 2012 00:40:40 Mercury 1°18' south of Neptune 5.5° East
March 6 2012 23:35:54 Mercury 3°05' north of Uranus 16.7° East
March 15 2012 10:37:46 Venus 3°16' north of Jupiter 44.6° East
March 16 2012 02:11:51 Mercury 4°36' north of Uranus 8.2° East
April 22 2012 02:00:45 Mercury 2°08' south of Uranus 26.3° West
May 22 2012 07:12:01 Mercury 24' north of Jupiter 6.3° West
June 1 2012 20:40:22 Mercury 12' north of Venus 6.7° East
August 17 2012 08:46:15 Mars 2°54' south of Saturn 60.1° East
October 6 2012 07:06:36 Mercury 3°29' north of Saturn 16.8° East
November 27 2012 05:14:02 Venus 34' south of Saturn 29.0° West
November 27 2012 11:19:37 Mars 4°33' south of Pluto 32.3° East

2013

Date Time UTC Planet Angle distance Planet Elongation to sun
January 6 2013 11:38:14 Mercury 4°40' south of Pluto 7.3° West
January 16 2013 20:45:35 Venus 3°17' south of Pluto 17.3° West
February 4 2013 16:05:34 Mars 26' south of Neptune 16.1° East
February 6 2013 20:41:22 Mercury 28' south of Neptune 13.9° East
February 8 2013 21:09:19 Mercury 18' north of Mars 15.1° East
February 24 2013 22:31:25 Mercury 4°15' north of Mars 11.6° East
February 28 2013 08:10:56 Venus 46' south of Neptune 6.8° West
March 6 2013 07:21:59 Mercury 5°20' north of Venus 5° West
March 22 2013 18:23:53 Mars 1' north of Uranus 5.9° East
March 28 2013 17:14:45 Venus 43' south of Uranus 0.7° East
April 6 2013 15:45:52 Venus 42' south of Mars 2.6° East
April 19 2013 21:11:39 Mercury 2°02' south of Uranus 20.3° West
May 7 2013 22:16:22 Mercury 26' south of Mars 4.6° West
May 25 2013 03:52:17 Mercury 1°22' north of Venus 15° West
May 27 2013 09:47:09 Mercury 2°22' north of Jupiter 17° East
May 28 2013 20:39:31 Venus 1° north of Jupiter 15.9° East
June 20 2013 17:37:02 Mercury 1°57' south of Venus 22° East
July 22 2013 05:45:11 Mars 47' north of Jupiter 23.7° West
September 20 2013 00:14:06 Venus 3°45' south of Saturn 41.7° East
October 10 2013 18:40:54 Mercury 5°24' north of Saturn 23.6° East
October 28 2013 21:00:50 Mercury 4°06' north of Saturn 7.9° East
November 15 2013 08:14:35 Venus 6°34' south of Pluto 46.3° East
November 26 2013 03:39:41 Mercury 20' south of Saturn 17.5° West
December 31 2013 05:39:50 Mercury 4°34' south of Pluto 2.1° East

2014

Date Time UTC Planet Angle distance Planet Elongation to sun
January 7 2014 10:28:53 Mercury 6°27' south of Venus 5.9° East
March 22 2014 11:38:46 Mercury 1°15' south of Neptune 25.7° West
April 12 2014 08:19:49 Venus 42' north of Neptune 45.4° West
April 14 2014 16:11:35 Mercury 1°23' south of Uranus 11.5° West
May 15 2014 13:14:02 Venus 1°16' south of Uranus 39.9° West
August 2 2014 16:39:29 Mercury 58' north of Jupiter 6.5° West
August 18 2014 04:08:26 Venus 12' north of Jupiter 17.9° West
August 27 2014 13:16:34 Mars 3°34' south of Saturn 73.6° East
October 17 2014 08:02:46 Mercury 2°44' south of Venus 1.7° West
November 13 2014 09:04:07 Venus 1°36' south of Saturn 4.8° East
November 26 2014 09:01:16 Mercury 1°43' south of Saturn 6.8° West
December 20 2014 15:07:52 Venus 3°15' south of Pluto 13.9° East
December 25 2014 00:33:44 Mercury 4°20' south of Pluto 9.6° East
December 30 2014 07:25:46 Mercury 3°44' south of Venus 12.6° East

2015

Date Time UTC Planet Angle distance Planet Elongation to sun
January 5 2015 16:30:15 Mercury 1°40' south of Venus 16.1° East
January 19 2015 21:33:54 Mars 14' south of Neptune 36.4° East
February 1 2015 11:31:23 Venus 50' south of Neptune 23.8° East
February 21 2015 19:43:28 Venus 28' south of Mars 28.4° East
March 4 2015 19:30:15 Venus 6' north of Uranus 30.8° East
March 11 2015 19:50:33 Mars 17' north of Uranus 24.1° East
March 17 2015 23:40:08 Mercury 1°36' south of Neotune 19.1° West
April 8 2015 09:55:57 Mercury 31' south of Uranus 1.8° West
April 23 2015 07:09:00 Mercury 1°23' north of Mars 13.7° East
May 27 2015 15:20:33 Mercury 1°41' south of Mars 4.8° East
July 1 2015 14:17:16 Venus 24' south of Jupiter 42.2° East
July 16 2015 04:29:03 Mercury 8' south of Mars 8.9° West
July 31 2015 19:47:59 Venus 6°26' south of Jupiter 19.5° East
August 5 2015 08:52:16 Mercury 8°11' north of Venus 13.1° East
August 7 2015 04:04:09 Mercury 35' north of Jupiter 14.6° East
August 29 2015 05:18:53 Venus 9°25' south of Mars 21.3° West
October 17 2015 13:50:10 Mars 24' north of Jupiter 39.8° West
October 26 2015 08:14:32 Venus 1°04' south of Jupiter 46.4° West
November 3 2015 16:08:44 Venus 42' south of Mars 46.2° West
November 25 2015 12:33:25 Mercury 2°46' south of Saturn 4.3° East
December 19 2015 11:57:00 Mercury 3°51' south of Pluto 17.1° East

2016

Date Time UTC Planet Angle distance Planet Elongation to sun
January 9 2016 03:57:19 Venus 5' north of Saturn 36.3° West
January 22 2016 01:22:51 Mercury 1°47' south of Pluto 15.7° West
January 30 2016 09:07:34 Mercury 32' north of Pluto 23.9° West
February 5 2016 22:35:53 Venus 1°06' south of Pluto 30.3° West
March 10 2016 22:12:11 Mercury 1°30' south of Neptune 10.9° West
March 20 2016 13:51:16 Venus 32' south of Neptune 20.1° West
March 31 2016 23:41:55 Mercury 38' north of Uranus 8.3° East
April 22 2016 14:17:27 Venus 52' south of Uranus 11.7° West
May 13 2016 20:49:07 Mercury 26' south of Venus 6.5° West
July 16 2016 17:39:09 Mercury 32' north of Venus 10.9° East
August 25 2016 17:52:42 Mars 4°23' south of Saturn 97° East
August 27 2016 04:57:57 Mercury 5°16' south of Venus 22.1° East
August 27 2016 21:47:56 Venus 4' north of Jupiter 22.3° East
October 11 2016 04:17:47 Mercury 52' north of Jupiter 11.5° West
October 18 2016 22:30:58 Mars 3°20' south of Pluto 78.7° East
October 30 2016 08:25:30 Venus 3°02' south of Saturn 36.9° East
November 24 2016 00:38:02 Mercury 3°28' south of Saturn 14.8° East
November 25 2016 03:22:23 Venus 3°29' south of Pluto 42.1° East

2017

Date Time UTC Planet Angle distance Planet Elongation to sun
January 1 2017 06:46:46 Mars 1' south of Neptune 58.7° East
January 13 2017 01:46:45 Venus 25' north of Neptune 47° East
January 29 2017 17:27:59 Mercury 1°11' north of Pluto 22.1° West
February 27 2017 08:20:34 Mars 37' north of Uranus 43.1° East
March 4 2017 05:34:17 Mercury 1°08' south of Neptune 2.2° West
March 16 2017 23:21:32 Mercury 9°33' south of Venus 9.5° East
March 27 2017 05:55:27 Mercury 2°25' north of Uranus 16.7° East
April 28 2017 17:52:58 Mercury 9' south of Uranus 13.4° West
May 7 2017 23:22:48 Mercury 2°14' south of Uranus 21.8° West
June 2 2017 14:41:15 Venus 1°47' south of Uranus 45.2° West
June 28 2017 18:17:30 Mercury 47' north of Mars 8.7° East
September 2 2017 00:07:46 Mercury 4°06' south of Mars 10.8° West
September 16 2017 18:23:28 Mercury 3' north of Mars 16.9° West
October 5 2017 13:25:48 Venus 13' north of Mars 23.4° West
October 18 2017 14:56:38 Mercury 1°01' south of Jupiter 6.4° East
November 13 2017 06:10:03 Venus 17' north of Jupiter 13.8° West
November 28 2017 09:36:06 Mercury 3°03' south of Saturn 21.1° East
December 6 2017 11:29:41 Mercury 1°21' south of Saturn 13.9° East
December 15 2017 16:04:48 Mercury 2°14' north of Venus 5.9° West
December 25 2017 17:49:20 Venus 1°08' south of Saturn 3.5° West

2018

Date Time UTC Planet Angle distance Planet Elongation to sun
January 7 2018 03:40:50 Mars 13' south of Jupiter 58.8° West
January 9 2018 05:41:28 Venus 1°13' south of Pluto 0.5° East
January 13 2018 06:48:57 Mercury 39' south of Saturn 20.2° West
January 24 2018 17:14:05 Mercury 1°33' south of Pluto 15.1° West
February 21 2018 14:19:55 Venus 35' south of Neptune 10.5° East
February 25 2018 10:07:00 Mercury 29' south of Neptune 6.9° East
March 5 2018 18:28:59 Mercury 1°24' north of Venus 13.4° East
March 18 2018 01:16:29 Mercury 3°53' north of Venus 16.4° East
March 29 2018 0:13:21 Venus 4' south of Uranus 19° East
April 2 2018 11:53:07 Mars 1°16' south of Saturn 93.7° West
April 26 2018 00:01:38 Mars 1°25' south of Pluto 104.4° West
May 12 2018 21:01:21 Mercury 2°24' south of Uranus 22.2° West
October 14 2018 15:20:14 Mercury 6°49' north of Venus 15.8° East
October 30 2018 03:38:40 Mercury 3°16' south of Jupiter 21.3° East
November 27 2018 23:43:41 Mercury 27' north of Jupiter 1.5° West
December 7 2018 14:55:51 Mars 2' south of Neptune 88.3° East
December 21 2018 14:43:16 Mercury 52' north of Jupiter 20.1° West

2019

Date Time UTC Planet Angle distance Planet Elongation to sun
January 13 2019 10:48:09 Mercury 1°43' south of Saturn 10.1° West
January 18 2019 16:22:46 Mercury 1°33' south of Pluto 7.1° West
January 22 2019 05:47:42 Venus 2°26' north of Jupiter 45.9° West
February 13 2019 20:06:54 Mars 1°03' north of Neptune 64.4° East
February 18 2019 13:54:15 Venus 1°05' north of Saturn 42.7° West
February 19 2019 11:09:52 Mercury 46' north of Neptune 15.1° East
February 23 2019 08:37:56 Venus 1°25' north of Pluto 41.9° West
March 22 2019 06:18:30 Mercury 3°24' north of Neptune 13.5° West
April 2 2019 18:54:11 Mercury 23' north of Neptune 25.5° West
April 10 2019 03:52:24 Venus 18' south of Neptune 32.6° West
May 8 2019 08:12:50 Mercury 1°23' south of Uranus 14.1° West
May 18 2019 08:12:13 Venus 1°09' south of Uranus 23.2° West
June 18 2019 14:34:40 Mercury 14' north of Mars 24.4° East
July 7 2019 13:33:33 Mercury 3°50' south of Mars 18.4° East
July 24 2019 10:32:05 Mercury 5°43' south of Venus 5.8° West
August 24 2019 12:34:05 Venus 19' north of Mars 3.1° East
September 3 2019 10:44:25 Mercury 42' north of Mars 1.1° West
September 13 2019 21:35:21 Mercury 20' south of Venus 8.5° East
October 30 2019 08:29:03 Mercury 2°43' south of Venus 20.3° East
November 24 2019 14:00:35 Venus 1°24' south of Jupiter 26.2° East
December 11 2019 04:42:34 Venus 1°49' south of Saturn 30° East
December 13 2019 11:36:37 Venus 1°09' south of Pluto 30.5° East

2020

Date Time UTC Planet Angle distance Planet Elongation to sun
January 2 2020 15:17:12 Mercury 1°30' south of Jupiter 4.6° West
January 12 2020 04:32:11 Mercury 2°03' south of Saturn 1.3° East
January 12 2020 06:53:17 Mercury 1°21' south of Pluto 1,4° East
January 14 2020 02:07:07 Saturn 43' south of Pluto 0.4° West
January 27 2020 19:30:16 Venus 4' south of Neptune 39.6° East
March 9 2020 14:30:23 Venus 2°25' south of Uranus 44.6° East
March 20 2020 06:22:34 Mars 43' south of Jupiter 67.3° West
March 23 2020 05:12:47 Mars 1' south of Pluto 68.3° West
March 31 2020 11:00:26 Mars 55' south of Saturn 70.6° West
April 3 2020 15:24:39 Mercury 1°25' south of Neptune 25° West
April 6 2020 10:02:29 Jupiter 43' north of Pluto 82.0° West
May 1 2020 02:25:04 Mercury 19' south of Uranus 4.4° West
May 22 2020 07:53:55 Mercury 54' south of Venus 18.6° East
June 12 2020 12:32:51 Mars 1°45' south of Neptune 91.1° West
June 28 2020 23:31:43 Jupiter 42' north of Pluto 163.5° West
November 13 2020 16:26:41 Jupiter 42' north of Pluto 61.1° East
December 21 2020 13:48:52 Jupiter 6' south of Saturn 30.3° East

See also

External links

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