See F. Elkouri, How Arbitration Works (1985); M. Bognanno, Labor Arbitration in America (1992).
PACE fought for rights, wages raise, improvement of working conditions for workers in such fields as: paper industry, oil, chemicals, nuclear materials, pharmaceuticals, automobile parts, motorcycles, tissues, toys, cement, corn sugar, etc.
On January 11, 2005, the union announced a merger with the United Steel Workers of America. The new union, with 860,000 active members in the United States and Canada, is the largest industrial labor union in North America. The union is known as the United Steel, Paper and Forestry, Rubber, Manufacturing, Energy, Allied-Industrial and Service Workers International Union, abbreviated as the "United Steelworkers" or by the acronym USW.