Definitions

Hutchins

Hutchins

[huhch-inz]
Hutchins, Robert Maynard, 1899-1977, American educator, b. Brooklyn, N.Y., studied at Oberlin College, grad. Yale, 1921, taught in the Yale law school (1925-27), and served as dean (1927-29). He became president of the Univ. of Chicago in 1929 at the age of 30 and held that position until 1945; he served as chancellor there from 1945 until 1951. After 1943 he was chairman of the board of editors for the Encyclopaedia Britannica. An enthusiast for adult education, he received in 1946 a year's leave of absence to promote the "great books" program. He was associate director of the Ford Foundation from 1951 to 1954, when he became president of the Fund for the Republic, and later founder and president of the Center for the Study of Democratic Institutions in Santa Barbara, Calif. From 1969 to 1974 he was chairman of the board. His books include The Higher Learning in America (1936), Education for Freedom (1943), The Conflict in Education in a Democratic Society (1953), and The Learning Society (1968).

See biography by H. S. Ashmore (1989).

Hutchins, Thomas, 1730-89, American frontiersman, surveyor, and geographer, b. Monmouth co., N.J. He took part in the French and Indian War and gained a reputation for his engineering ability through planning Fort Pitt and other works. His journals of military expeditions in the Western country are valuable historical sources. A captain in the British army and in London at the opening of the American Revolution, Hutchins refused to bear arms against the Revolutionaries and was imprisoned and charged with high treason. Released in 1780, he escaped to France and ultimately to Charleston, S.C., where he joined the Revolutionary forces. In July, 1781, he became geographer to the United States. In 1785 he took charge of the survey of the Northwest Territory.

(born Jan. 17, 1899, Brooklyn, N.Y., U.S.—died May 17, 1977, Santa Barbara, Calif.) U.S. educator and foundation president. He attended Oberlin College and graduated from Yale University (A.B., 1921) and Yale Law School (LL.B., 1925), becoming dean of Yale Law School in 1927. At the University of Chicago as president (1929–45) and chancellor (1945–51), he encouraged liberal education based on the study of the great books of the Western tradition, deplored any tendency toward vocationalism, and dismantled the intercollegiate athletic program. Hutchins later headed various foundations, including the Ford Foundation. He served as chairman of the board of editors of Encyclopædia Britannica (1943–74) and edited the 54-volume Great Books of the Western World (1952). He expounded his views on education in Higher Learning in America (1936).

Learn more about Hutchins, Robert Maynard with a free trial on Britannica.com.

(born Jan. 17, 1899, Brooklyn, N.Y., U.S.—died May 17, 1977, Santa Barbara, Calif.) U.S. educator and foundation president. He attended Oberlin College and graduated from Yale University (A.B., 1921) and Yale Law School (LL.B., 1925), becoming dean of Yale Law School in 1927. At the University of Chicago as president (1929–45) and chancellor (1945–51), he encouraged liberal education based on the study of the great books of the Western tradition, deplored any tendency toward vocationalism, and dismantled the intercollegiate athletic program. Hutchins later headed various foundations, including the Ford Foundation. He served as chairman of the board of editors of Encyclopædia Britannica (1943–74) and edited the 54-volume Great Books of the Western World (1952). He expounded his views on education in Higher Learning in America (1936).

Learn more about Hutchins, Robert Maynard with a free trial on Britannica.com.

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