Hunter, Dard, 1883-1966, American printer-publisher, b. Steubenville, Ohio. Hunter is known for his researches and writings on the history and technique of papermaking. From 1938 he was curator of the Dard Hunter Paper Museum, which he founded (see museums of science). His writings include Papermaking (rev. ed. 1948) and Papermaking by Hand in America (1950).

See his autobiography, My Life with Paper (1958).

Hunter, Evan, 1926-2005, American novelist, b. New York City as Salvatore A. Lambino, grad. Hunter Coll. (1950). He achieved both success and acclaim with the publication of his third novel, The Blackboard Jungle (1953, film 1955), a vivid, violence-filled classroom tale drawn from his experiences as a vocational high school teacher. Altogether, Hunter wrote two dozen novels, several of which also became films; numerous short-story collections; stage and television plays; children's books; and many screenplays, the best known of which was for Alfred Hitchcock's 1963 thriller The Birds. Among his other novels are Strangers When We Meet (1958, film 1960), Streets of Gold (1974), and Criminal Conversation (1994). He also wrote the memoir Me and Hitch (1997). Hunter's prolific output was surpassed by that of his pseudonymous alter-ego, Ed McBain, the name under which he wrote a series of outstanding crime novels, beginning with Cop Hater (1956, film 1958) and ending with the posthumously published Fiddlers (2005). More than 50 of these comprise the gritty "87th Precinct" series, in which he virtually invented the police procedural, a realistic genre that has proved popular and enduring. Other books in the series include Fuzz (1968, film 1972), Widows (1991), and Money, Money, Money (2001). Hunter also wrote fiction under several other pen names—John Abbot, Curt Cannon, Hunt Collins, Ezra Hannon, and Richard Marsten.

See studies by G. N. Dove (1987) and T. Bergman (1996).

Hunter, John, 1728-93, Scottish anatomist and surgeon, studied under his brother, William Hunter. A pioneer in comparative anatomy and morphology who is sometimes called the father of modern surgery, he made many valuable investigations and introduced several surgical techniques, including a method of ligating aneurisms that is still in use. His writings include Natural History of the Human Teeth (1771), a work on sexually transmitted diseases (1786), and Treatise on the Blood, Inflammation, and Gunshot Wounds (1794). Hunter's anatomical collection, acquired in 1800 by the Royal College of Surgeons, London, formed the nucleus of the Hunterian Museum.

See biographies by E. A. Gray (1952), J. Kobler (1960), I. Noble (1971), and W. Moore (2005).

Hunter, Robert, d. 1734, royal governor of New York and New Jersey (1709-19), b. Ayrshire, Scotland. His administration was notably successful. He maintained a vigorous campaign against the French and the Native Americans and cooperated with other colonies in military matters. He allayed the bitter political factionalism that had kept New York and New Jersey in turmoil for several decades, and he also straightened out financial and revenue matters. Hunter was less successful with several thousand Rhenish Palatinate refugees, whom he brought over and settled on the upper Hudson to produce naval stores for England. Unable to secure funds for the project from England or from his assembly, Hunter went in debt to the amount of £21,000 to save the colony. From 1727 until his death he was governor of Jamaica.
Hunter, Robert Mercer Taliaferro, 1809-87, American statesman, b. Essex co., Va. He was a U.S. Representative for Virginia (1837-43, 1845-47), serving as speaker from 1839 to 1841. Hunter became a leading states' rights Democrat and supported John C. Calhoun for the presidency in 1844. He entered the U.S. Senate in 1847, where he became a prominent spokesman for the Southern cause. He resigned in 1861 to become the Confederate secretary of state (1861-62) and then a Confederate senator (1862-65). He participated in 1865 in the futile Hampton Roads Peace Conference. Imprisoned for several months after the war, Hunter helped organize (1867) a conservative party that won control of the Virginia state government from the radicals in 1869.

See C. H. Ambler, ed., Correspondence of Robert M. T. Hunter, 1826-1876 (1918); biography by H. H. Simms (1935).

Hunter, William, 1718-83, Scottish physician. He was famous as a lecturer, as London's leading obstetrician, as professor of anatomy and later president of the Royal Academy of Arts, and as head of a school and museum of anatomy where many noted men were trained. He bequeathed his valuable anatomical collection to the Univ. of Glasgow. His works include the important Anatomy of the Human Gravid Uterus (1774).

See biography by C. Illingworth (1967); study by R. H. Fox (1901); memoir by G. C. Peachey (1924).

Hunter, Port, or Newcastle Harbour, estuary of the Hunter River, New South Wales, Australia. It is 3 mi (4.8 km) long and 2 mi (3.2 km) wide. The coal-loading port of Newcastle, one of the largest ports in the state, is on the southern shore near the entrance.
Hunter is a town in Woodruff County, Arkansas, United States. The population was 152 at the 2000 census.


Hunter is located at (35.054256, -91.126122).

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 1.6 km² (0.6 mi²), all land.


As of the census of 2000, there were 152 people, 58 households, and 46 families residing in the town. The population density was 93.2/km² (242.9/mi²). There were 77 housing units at an average density of 47.2/km² (123.1/mi²). The racial makeup of the town was 97.37% White, 1.32% Black or African American, 0.66% Native American, and 0.66% from two or more races.

There were 58 households out of which 31.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 69.0% were married couples living together, 8.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 19.0% were non-families. 17.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.62 and the average family size was 2.98.

In the town the population was spread out with 25.0% under the age of 18, 7.2% from 18 to 24, 24.3% from 25 to 44, 24.3% from 45 to 64, and 19.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females there were 111.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 100.0 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $22,500, and the median income for a family was $32,500. Males had a median income of $25,750 versus $13,438 for females. The per capita income for the town was $28,172. About 10.4% of families and 16.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 20.0% of those under the age of eighteen and 15.2% of those sixty five or over.


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