Human geography

Human geography

Human geography is a branch of geography that focuses on the study of patterns and processes that shape human interaction with the environment, with particular reference to the causes and consequences of the spatial distribution of human activity on the Earth's surface.


It encompasses human, political, cultural, social, and economic aspects of social sciences. While the major focus of human geography is not the physical landscape of the Earth (see physical geography), it is not possible to discuss human geography without going into the physical landscape on which human activities are being played out, and environmental geography is emerging as an important link between the two. Human geography is methodologically diverse using both qualitative methods and quantitative methods, including case studies, survey research, statistical analysis, and model building among others.Anything that is hand made is classed as human geography for example:house,shops,shools etc.

Fields of human geography

The main fields of study in human geography focus around the core fields of:

Within each of the subfields various philosophical approach can be used in research therefore an urban geographer could be a Feminist or Marxist geographer etc. Such approaches are:

List of notable human geographers

Human geography journals

As with all social sciences, human geographers publish research and other written work in a variety of academic journals. Whilst human geography is interdisciplinary, there are a number of journals with a human geography focus. These include:

Further reading

  • Cloke, Paul J.; et al Introducing Human Geographies. Hodder Arnold, London.
  • Daniels, Peter; et al An Introduction to Human Geography. Prentice-Hall, London.
  • Johnston, R.J. The Dictionary of Human Geography. Blackwell Publishers, London.
  • Flowerdew, Robin; Martin, David Methods in Human Geography: A Guide for Students Doing a Research Project. Prentice-Hall, London.
  • Johnston, R.J Geographies of Global Change: Remapping the World. Blackwell Publishers, London.
  • Cloke, Paul J.; et al Envisioning Human Geographies. Hodder Arnold, London.
  • Blij, Harm J.De; et al Geography: Realms, Regions and Concepts. John Wiley and Sons, London.
  • Crang, Mike; Thrift, Nigel Thinking Space. Routledge , London.
  • Gregory, Martin & Smith, Eds., Derik, Ron & Graham Human Geography: Society, Space and Social Science. Macmillan, London.
  • Moseley, W.G., D. Lanegran and K. Pandit (eds). (2007). The Introductory Reader in Human Geography: Contemporary Debates and Classic Writings. Malden, MA: Blackwell Press. ISBN 978-1-4051-4922-8.
  • Soja, Edward Postmodern Geographies: The Reassertion of Space in Critical Social Theory. Verso, London.
  • Harvey, David Justice, Nature and the Geography of Difference. Blackwell Publishers, Inc., Malden, Mass..

AP Human Geography

Advanced Placement Human Geography

External links


  • de Blij, H.J.; Alexander B. Murphy (2000). Culture, Society, and Space. 7th edition, John Wiley & Sons. ISBN 0-471-44107-4.

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