[wer-tuh; Sp. wer-tah]
Huerta, Adolfo de la, c.1882-1955, Mexican revolutionist and president (May-Dec., 1920). As governor of Sonora, he broke with President Carranza and declared the secession of the state (1920). This was a signal for the successful revolt against Carranza led by Obregón and supported by Calles. After Carranza's murder, de la Huerta was provisional president until Obregón took office by election; during his tenure a settlement was reached with Villa. He was minister of finance under Obregón. Upon the designation of Calles as official presidential candidate, de la Huerta revolted (Dec., 1923); the uprising was crushed by Obregón in the spring of 1924, and de la Huerta was sent into exile in the United States. He was recalled (1935) by Lázaro Cárdenas to serve in diplomatic posts.

See study by M. C. Meyer (1972).

Huerta, Victoriano, 1854-1916, Mexican general and president (1913-14). He served under Porfirio Díaz. After the revolution of Francisco I. Madero (1911) he aided the new president, who, reluctantly, made him (1912) commander of the federal forces. In 1913 he plotted secretly with Madero's enemies, including U.S. ambassador Henry Lane Wilson, and overthrew the president. Huerta established a military dictatorship, notable for political corruption and rule by imprisonment and assassination. Numerous counterrevolutions broke out; the most important insurgent leaders were Venustiano Carranza, Francisco Villa, and Emiliano Zapata. U.S. President Woodrow Wilson was openly hostile to Huerta, and unpleasant international incidents occurred at Tampico and Veracruz. Steady insurgent military pressure forced Huerta to resign in July, 1914. He fled to Europe and returned to the United States, where he was subsequently arrested for revolutionary activities; an alcoholic, he died in El Paso shortly after being released from an army jail.

A huerta (Spanish, from Latin hortis, "garden") is a fertile area, or a field in a fertile area, common in Spain, in which a variety of common vegetables and fruit trees, especially lemons, are cultivated for family consumption and sale. Typically, huertas belonging to different people are in groups around a river or other water source because of the amount of irrigation required.

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