Huainan, city (1994 est. pop. 769,200), N central Anhui prov., China. Established after 1949 as the center of China's chief coal-mining region, it is the site of a major colliery. Chemicals, iron, steel, and machinery are produced, and food and tobacco are processed.
Huáinán Shì
Administration Type Prefecture-level city
City Seat Tianjia'an District
Area 2,596.4 km²
Population 2,335,798 (2004)
- Total
- Per Capita
¥31.4 billion (2006)
¥13,500 (2006)
Major Nationalities Han
County-level divisions 6
Township-level divisions 66
CPC Committee Secretary Yang Zhenchao (杨振超)
Mayor Cao Yong (曹勇) (acting)
Area code 554
Postal Code 232000
(Urban center)
(Fengtai County)
License Plate Prefix 皖D

Huainan is a prefecture-level city with 1,076,000 inhabitants in central Anhui province, People’s Republic of China. It borders the provincial capital of Hefei to the south, Lu’an to the southwest, Fuyang to the west, Bozhou to the northwest, Bengbu to the northeast and Chuzhou to the east.

The name traditionally refers to the entire area south of the Huai River and north of the Yangtze River, which includes the present day central Anhui. The historic political center of the Huainan area lay in Shouchun (present day Shou County).


The prefecture-level city of Huainan administers six county-level divisions, including five districts and one county.

These are further divided into 66 township-level divisions, including 24 towns, 23 townships and 19 subdistricts.


The name Huainan first came into existence in 203 BC, when Liu Bang bestowed upon Ying Bu, one of his most trusted generals, the title of the King of Huainan. The capital of the Kingdom of Huainan was situated in the present day Lu'an. Later, after Ying Bu was executed, the title was transferred and the capital moved to Shouchun (present day Shou County).

In 164 BC, the kingdom was divided into three, one of which retained the name Huainan and continued to be administered from Shouchun. This was governed by Liu An, a notable scholar who authored the great Daoist classic, the Huainanzi. When Liu An committed suicide in 122 BC, the kingdom was abolished and the area renamed Jiujiang Commandery, which was its old name before 203 BC.

Towards the end of the Eastern Han Dynasty, Yuan Shu declared himself emperor of the so-called Cheng Dynasty and renamed the commandery Huainan Commandery. This entity remained generally intact till the Northern Song Dynasty, when it divided into the eastern and the western halves in 1071. This division was converted to a north-south one, with the line drawn along the Huai River, following a peace pact between the ruling bodies of the Southern Song Dynasty and Jin Empire.

The divided state persisted till the area was claimed by the Communist Party of China on January 18, 1949. The party renamed the area Huainan Coalmine Special District for its rich coal resources.


Huainan is a major production center for coal, with an output of 43.28 million tons in 2006.


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