The House of Caboga were a distinguished Ragusan noble family which occupied a prominent position in the public life of Ragusa/Dubrovnik. Given their considerable family size, economic power, the social and political status, they may be said to have been among the better-off noble families, one of the most recognized and oldest in the Republic of Ragusa, originating from the 8th century. Many of its members were dukes (knez) of the Republic. The Austrian Empire recognized its long-standing nobility in 1818 and 1833 were with the grade of Count/Graf.
It cannot be said with certainty what the relationship of the family later known as Caboga was with Marina Hobuzic, who was mentioned once in 1253 as a member of the Velika Veca. But all of the Cabogas at the end of the 13th and from the 14th centuries spring from Georgius, who is not personally mentioned in the sources and who had already died before 1282, and his wife Draga. Frequently mentioned in the records of the Dubrovnik chancellory in 1281 and 1282, however, are Draga and her sons Micheal, the cleric Johannes, as well as Marinus and Blasius. Draga, besides this, is mentioned exclusively as the "uxor quondam Georgii de Disica," and her sons primarily as the "filii qu. Gerogii de Disica."FN 1, p. 166. At the same time , her sons Mihajlo; Johannes, the priest, and Marinus are mentioned under the name Caboga. Mihailo is explicitly mentioned several times as the son of Georgii de Caboga. FN 2, p. 166.
Blasius, the youngest brother, is mentioned in the books of Dubrovnik's chancellory later, after the name Caboga took hold and the name Disic was no longer being used. In 1297, he is also explicitly named as Blasius Georgii de Caboga. FN 3, p. 166. Thomasina filia qu Georgii Dysica, who in 1283 married Palma f Bistii Ghetaldi, appears again in 1325 in the last well and testament of Junius/Johannes de Caboga. FN 4, p. 166. Therefore, given such an absolute agreement of all the facts, there is no doubt that the Caboga and Disics families of 1281 and 1282 are the same.
Michael Georgii de Caboga (1280-1286) appears to be the oldest brother. In 1281 he received a part of the money that belonged to him from his father's estate. At the same time, Marinus and Johannes, as well as the minor Blasius, continued to live together with their mother and Marinus took care of the business. FN 5, p. 167. Among other things, Michael defined his brother, the priest Johannes, as his procurator. FN 6, p. 166.
Three branches of the Caboga family spring from the brothers Michael, Marinus, and Blasius. All three few in numbers, but all three still existed in the second half of the 15th century. Of all of them, Marinus's descendants, and especially his son Georgius/Jure (1310-1368) and his grandson Nicola de Jure de Caboga (1348-1373) carried on the most energetic activity in public life during the 14th century. Besides these werer Blasius (1282-1333) and his sons, Give (Johannes) (1330-1340) and Michael (1332-1366). They were regularly members of the Veca Umoljenih, especially Blasius, and at the same time Jure, Nicho and Misse (Michael). Many times they were chosen to be the "sapientes," and almost every other year during the middle of the century one Caboga in the Mala Veca, that is as an iudex. From around 1360, Nicola several times carried out diplomatic assignments: in 1360 and 1363 he went to the king of Hungary. In 1362 he took part in peace negotiations in Kotor. FN 7, p. 167. Until his death in 1373, he was regularly an iudex and four times rector."
CS: NOTE THAT THIS MEANS HE WAS INFLUENTIAL AT THE TIME DURING AND AFTER DUBROVNIK'S FINAL BREAK WITH VENICE.
Blasius and his descendants occupied themselves primarily in the grain trade. In 1292, Blasius appears as a witness in Ancona, FN 9 p. 167. In 1313, he appears in Durres (u Dracu). FN 10, p. 167. In 1329, a certain amount of oats were taken from him in Ulcinj. FN 11, p. 167. In 1330, together with this son Give (Johannes), he accepted 100 salmaa of wheat from one Florentine commercial company, FN 12, p. 167; from these same Florentines, he received three months later a credit of 450 perpers. FN 13, p. 167. His sons continued this grain trade. Johannes (Give) was sent in 1330, together with M. de Cereva, as the Opstinski sinkik ? to Constantinople for the purchase of wheat. FN 14, p. 167. In September 1335, Give (Johannes) sold 670 stara of jecma from the new harvest to a merchant from Bar. FN 15, p. 167. At the end of October of the same year, he took on an obligation to supply Dubrovnik with at least 500 stara of wheat by January or February. On January 28, 1336, he delivered 673 stara of wheat. FN 16, p. 167. It appears that at the beginning, he did not have exceptional wealth. When, for example, he invested money in some commercial societas (corporation?), he did so in quite small amounts. FN 17 p. 167.
In 1335, together with Ursus f. Nale de Cereva, he became an associate? (socius) of Junius de Georgio when de Georgio took under a zakup the doana maior for 10,000 perpers. Give Caboga and Ursus de Cereva took on the obligation that they would to Junius de Georgio "cum eorum personis stare et servire" to the end of the year. For this they would receive the right to half of the profit while undertaking only 20 percent each of the potential loss. FN 18, p. 167. Give de Bona's brother, Petrus (1318-1346) also bought wheat on order of the Opstina (in 1326, 1339, 1340, 1345). In 1345 he went as an emissary "ad regem Cicille." FN 19, p. 167. In December 1328 he accepted a of 60 salmi of beans from Barleta. FN 20, p. 167. The third brother of Michael, Blasii de Caboga (1322-1366) was sent by the government in June 1361 to Apulia (Manfredonia, Barleta and other places) to purchast grain. He was explicitly told that he was to remain in Apulia until the Opstina told him to return and that he was not to undertake any business affairs on anyone else's behalf. Only when he was personally in question was he permitted to leave; "de quibus tuis denariis possis facere omnes mercationes, que tibi placuerint, dalvo de blado." He was allowed to buy wheat for himself only "pro usu domus tue." FN 121, p. 167.
In another set of orders that related to the same, it was said "quod possit vendere de pannis suis." Only in March 1362 did they call him to return. IN the meantime, the government several times sent him money for purchases, as well as letters with a wide variety of orders. He had to purchase barley, then "100 salme de fave nove, 200 staria de biscoto." On another occasion he had to purchase 1000 libre "de carne de porco salata"; then "salme mille de frumento"; besides this he had to attempt to get to Barleti, to "lo imperador de Bulgaria" and to him to "recomendar li fatti del comun ed deli merchatanti de Ragusa." FN 22, p. 169.
In 1382, after his death, there were in the basement of his house 1260 dubrovnik modija of salt. FN 23, p. 168.
During the military operations of the 80s, Mihail's son, Marinus (1363-1409), was often named as the supplier of bread and melba toast (rations) for the galleys as well as the official responsible for the preparation of melba toast (rations). FN 24, p. 168. He apparently dealt in oil, cheese and tallow candles (lojanica). FN 25, p. 168. In 1394, Marinus lived in Venice as a "factor" of Ragusa. FN 26, p. 168. Among other things, this Marinus was married a second time to Margarita f. Nichole de Caboga (1383-1423), that is to his own relative, the daughter of his own second cousin (or second first-cousin, orig: drugi bratuced) (the grandfather of Georgius Marini de Caboga), who was married a first time with Lampret de Zriev(o). She was the mother of Marinus's son Danijel and carried the nickname "Colona biancha." FN 27, p. 168. At the beginning of the 80s, Marinus was a candidate for the Malo Vece, but he was not elected. From 1397, however, he was selected to be rector several times. FN 27a, p. 168. Michael Marini de Caboga (1397-1428), Marinus's son from his first marriage, became the protovestijar of Herceg Hrvoje.
The information about the descendants of the other branches of the family. In 1350, Jure de Caboga received oil valued at 322 perpera from Romaldus de Bari. FN 28, p. 168. In 1356, his son Nicola (1348-1373) delivered Albanian wheat to Georgius Jache de Georgio. FN 29, p. 168. Several times he had to resort to the legal system to pry debts from his debtors. These amounts were at times relatively large. In 1370, Marina de Benessa paid 1,100 ducats. FN 30, p. 168. In 1373, he sought from his brother-in-law Gergo de Bodaca and from Orse de Gleya more than 1,000 gold ducats on the basis of a written document concerning debts from 1348 and 1355. FN 31, p. 169. Nicola Jure de Caboga was married for a second time with Dechussa, the daughter of the Venetian Andreja Dulfina. Her mother, Rada (orig. Rade), was a citizen of Dubrovnik, and through her she was related to the Mence, Georgi, and Gondola-Gundulic families. On the basis of various facts about relations in the last will and testament, it is almost possible to assume that her mother Rade was the daughter of Junius Damiani de Gondola and Deje f Medossii de Drago from Kotor. If that is the case, she, before entering into a marriage with the Venetian Andrea Dulfina or after that marriage, was the first or second time married to Junius de Sorgo. FN 32, p. 168.
NOTE HERE PLAGUE, PLAGUE, PLAGUE
In relative terms we know the least about Mihael's descendants because they apparently did not stand out either in public life or in commercial activities. Most of the members of this branch died early, so they did not have much chance to stand out. Junius Give de Caboga (1341-1363) as well as his wife died in 1363, during a plague epidemic; we know that they were dealers in cloth and leather. Junius Give de Caboga left behind a minor son, Give Junii de Caboga (1372-1396). At the beginning of the 1380s, he was nominated to the Malo Vece, but was never elected. For that reason, he shows up only in positions of minor importance. FN 34, p. 168.
In 1380, he received a license to export 2.5 miljara of iron; but to receive this he had to take on the obligation to import into Dubrovnik 100 stara of wheat (pshenica). FN 35, p. 168.
On the contrary, in about 1400, this branch becomes for us especially interesting. The record books of two sons of Give Junii de Caboga, Nikola and his brother Luka (1396-1437). With Nicola and his descendants this branch of the Caboga family continued on. His brother Lucha de Caboga was a bastard son of Give Junii de Caboga. Nikola and Luka worked together in business. Their accounting records are the oldest documents of their time to be preserved in Dubrovnik. They are safeguarded in the State Archive in the series "Privata" under the title "Libro de negocio di Nicolo e Luca Caboga 1426" and "Giornale del Libro della Compagnia di Nicolo e Lucha de Chaboga et comenca nell'anno 1437-38." Because these documents, however, fall into the 15th century and because they are described in other places, we will not analyze them. FN 36, p. 169.