Definitions

Hood

Hood

[hood]
Hood, John Bell, 1831-79, Confederate general in the American Civil War, b. Owingsville, Ky. He resigned from the army (Apr., 1861) and entered the Confederate service 1862. He fought in the Peninsular campaign and at the second battle of Bull Run (Aug., 1862) and was promoted to the rank of major general in October. As a division commander under James Longstreet, he distinguished himself at Antietam, Fredericksburg, and Gettysburg and at Chickamauga, where he won his lieutenant generalcy (Sept., 1863). In the Atlanta campaign of 1864 he fought under Joseph E. Johnston until Jefferson Davis, displeased with that general's retreat, made Hood commander. Hood, faring no better against General Sherman, was obliged to abandon Atlanta on Sept. 1. To prevent a further Union advance Hood moved against Sherman's long line of communications. Sherman followed, but later, satisfied that George H. Thomas at Nashville could cope with Hood, returned to Atlanta and marched to the sea. Hood then began to advance through Tennessee. John M. Schofield slowly withdrew before him, repulsing his attack in a bloody battle at Franklin (Nov. 30) before joining Thomas. In the battle of Nashville (Dec. 15-16), Thomas won the most complete victory of the war, virtually annihilating the Confederates. Hood resigned his command (Jan., 1865) and surrendered at Natchez, Miss., in May.

See his Advance and Retreat (1879, new ed. 1959, repr. 1969); S. F. Horn, The Army of Tennessee (1941, repr. 1959); biographies by R. O'Connor (1949, repr. 1959) and J. P. Dyer (1950).

Hood, Raymond Mathewson, 1881-1934, American architect, b. Pawtucket, R.I. He studied at Brown Univ., Massachusetts Institute of Technology, and the École des Beaux-Arts, Paris. In 1922 he was the winner, with John Mead Howells, of the international competition for the design of the Tribune Tower, Chicago (completed 1925). He practiced from 1927 to 1931 in the firm of Hood, Godley, and Fouilhoux. In New York City, Hood was architect for the American Radiator Building and for the Daily News Building (with J. M. Howells). His firm was one of the three associated in the Radio City development in New York.
Hood, Samuel Hood, 1st Viscount, 1724-1816, British admiral. Entering the navy in 1741, he served with distinction in the Seven Years War. In 1781 he was sent to the West Indies as second in command to Lord Rodney. He fought in many engagements in the American Revolution, including the victory (1782) over the French fleet under the comte de Grasse (who had earlier defeated Hood) off Dominica. As commander in chief in the Mediterranean he captured Toulon (1793) and Corsica (1794). He was created viscount in 1796.
Hood, Thomas, 1799-1845, English poet. He was an editor of various prominent magazines and periodicals. The greater proportion of his work was written in a humorous vein, and he was celebrated for his use of figurative language, especially puns. However, it is in his serious poems, notably "The Song of the Shirt" and "The Bridge of Sighs," that he shows his true creative ability. In these poems Hood displays great compassion for the poor and unfortunate, a feeling that was probably influenced by his own suffering from ill-health and poverty. His other noted poems include "The Dream of Eugene Aram" and "The Plea of the Midsummer Fairies."

See his letters ed. by P. F. Morgan (1973); study by L. N. Jeffrey (1972).

Hood, Mount, peak, 11,235 ft (3,424 m) high, NW Oreg., in the Cascade Range, E of Portland; highest point in the state and the center of Mt. Hood National Forest. A symmetrical, dormant volcano with glaciers and forested lower slopes, it is a favorite mountain-climbing and skiing center.

Legendary English outlaw. The hero of ballads dating from as early as the 14th century, Robin Hood was a rebel who robbed and killed landowners and government officials and gave his gains to the poor. He treated women and common people with courtesy, and he ignored the laws of the forest that restricted hunting rights. His greatest enemy was the sheriff of Nottingham. The ballads emerged during a time of agrarian unrest that culminated in the Peasants' Revolt of 1381. There is no evidence of Robin Hood's historical existence, though later tradition places him in the reign of King John. In postmedieval ballads and stories he was a nobleman who took refuge in Sherwood Forest after losing his lands. His men included Little John and Friar Tuck; his beloved was Maid Marion.

Learn more about Robin Hood with a free trial on Britannica.com.

(born March 29, 1881, Pawtucket, R.I., U.S.—died Aug. 14, 1934, Stamford, Conn.) U.S. architect. He studied at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in Cambridge and the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris. He and John Mead Howells (1868–1959) won first prize in the 1922 Chicago Tribune Building competition; their design would be one of their many Neo-Gothic skyscrapers influenced by Cass Gilbert's Woolworth Building. Later he turned away from the revival of past styles; his Daily News (1930; with Howells) and McGraw-Hill (1930–31; with J.A. Fouilhoux) buildings, both in New York City, have cleaner lines, foreshadowing the Rockefeller Center complex (1929–40), which Hood and Fouilhoux went on to design with a team of architects.

Learn more about Hood, Raymond M(athewson) with a free trial on Britannica.com.

Peak, northwestern Oregon, U.S. Located in the Cascade Range at 11,235 ft (3,424 m), it is an extinct volcano that last erupted circa 1865. The snowcapped peak, the highest mountain in the state, is the focal point of Mount Hood National Forest, a popular tourist and recreation area.

Learn more about Hood, Mount with a free trial on Britannica.com.

(born March 29, 1881, Pawtucket, R.I., U.S.—died Aug. 14, 1934, Stamford, Conn.) U.S. architect. He studied at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in Cambridge and the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris. He and John Mead Howells (1868–1959) won first prize in the 1922 Chicago Tribune Building competition; their design would be one of their many Neo-Gothic skyscrapers influenced by Cass Gilbert's Woolworth Building. Later he turned away from the revival of past styles; his Daily News (1930; with Howells) and McGraw-Hill (1930–31; with J.A. Fouilhoux) buildings, both in New York City, have cleaner lines, foreshadowing the Rockefeller Center complex (1929–40), which Hood and Fouilhoux went on to design with a team of architects.

Learn more about Hood, Raymond M(athewson) with a free trial on Britannica.com.

Peak, northwestern Oregon, U.S. Located in the Cascade Range at 11,235 ft (3,424 m), it is an extinct volcano that last erupted circa 1865. The snowcapped peak, the highest mountain in the state, is the focal point of Mount Hood National Forest, a popular tourist and recreation area.

Learn more about Hood, Mount with a free trial on Britannica.com.

Hood may refer to:

People

For a listing of people with the surname "Hood," see Hood (people).

Places

Things

Science

Other

Search another word or see hoodon Dictionary | Thesaurus |Spanish
Copyright © 2014 Dictionary.com, LLC. All rights reserved.
  • Please Login or Sign Up to use the Recent Searches feature
FAVORITES
RECENT

;