Definitions

home mission

Home Mission Society

The American Baptist Home Mission Society is a Christian missionary society. It was established in New York City in 1832 to operate in the American frontier, with the stated mission "to preach the Gospel, establish churches and give support and ministry to the unchurched and destitute.

The Society and Slavery

During the "Georgia Test Case" of 1844, the Society refused to appoint the slaveowner James E. Reeve as a missionary on the grounds that this would conflict with the Foreign Mission Board's policy of neutrality in the slavery issue. These events prompted the Baptist State Convention of Alabama to challenge the Foreign Mission Board on the topic of slaveowner missionaries, to which the Board replied that they would "never be a party to any arrangement which would imply approbation of slavery". In response, Southern Baptists split from the General Convention and formed the Southern Baptist Convention in 1845.

Merger and Renaming

The Society merged with the Women's Baptist Home Mission Society in 1955. In 1972, the Mission Societies began operating under the new name of National Ministries.

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