Home Secretary

Home Secretary

The Secretary of State for the Home Department, commonly known as the Home Secretary, is the minister in charge of the United Kingdom Home Office and is one of the Great Offices of State. The Home Secretary is responsible for internal affairs in England and Wales, and for immigration and citizenship for the whole of the United Kingdom (England, Scotland, Wales, and Northern Ireland).

The remit of the UK ministry includes policing, national security, immigration, and matters of citizenship.

The current Home Secretary is Jacqui Smith.

Responsibilities

The Home Secretary is currently responsible for:

Constitutional & Legal Affairs

The Home Secretary has no responsibility for the Courts of England and Wales. Unlike many other governments issues usually dealt with by a Department of Justice, the British government has three separate departments: The Home Office (as specified above), the Attorney General's Office and the Ministry of Justice, headed by the Secretary of State for Justice, for legal, judicial and civil rights issues.

Development of other government departments

Because the Home Office was initially the primary government department with responsibility for domestic affairs, all subsequent domestic departments have effectively been created by taking responsibilities from the Home Office. Until 2001 this left a variety of miscellaneous tasks that sat apart from the law and order functions of the department, such as British Summer Time or wild birds in Scotland. However, on the appointment of David Blunkett as Home Secretary, these functions - and others such as responsibility for the Fire Brigade - have been reallocated to other departments to give the position a focus solely on law and order.

Home Secretaries since 1782

Name Portrait Entered office Left office Political party Subsequent post
The Rt. Hon. The Earl of Shelburne 27 March 1782 10 July 1782 Whig Prime Minister of Great Britain
The Rt. Hon. Thomas Townsend MP 10 July 1782 2 April 1783 Whig Leader of the House of Commons
The Rt. Hon. Lord North KG MP 2 April 1783 19 December 1783 Tory None
The Rt. Hon. The Earl Temple 19 December 1783 23 December 1783 Whig Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs
The Rt. Hon. The Lord Sydney 23 December 1783 5 June 1789 Whig None
The Rt. Hon. The Lord Grenville 5 June 1789 8 June 1791 Whig Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs
The Rt. Hon. Henry Dundas MP 8 June 1791 11 July 1794 Tory President of the Board of Control (1793–) and Secretary of State for War
His Grace The Duke of Portland 11 July 1794 30 July 1801 Tory Lord President of the Council
The Rt. Hon. Lord Pelham 30 July 1801 17 August 1803 Whig Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster
The Rt. Hon. Charles Yorke MP 17 August 1803 12 May 1804 Tory First Lord of the Admiralty (1810–)
The Rt. Hon. The Lord Hawkesbury 12 May 1804 5 February 1806 Tory Secretary of State for the Home Department (1807–)
The Rt. Hon. The Earl Spencer 5 February 1806 25 March 1807 Whig None
The Rt. Hon. The Lord Hawkesbury (inherited his father's peerage in 1808, becoming The Rt. Hon. The Earl of Liverpool) 25 March 1807 1 November 1809 Tory Secretary of State for War and the Colonies
The Rt. Hon. Richard Ryder MP 1 November 1809 8 June 1812 Tory None
The Rt. Hon. The Viscount Sidmouth 11 June 1812 17 January 1822 Tory None
The Rt. Hon. Sir Robert Peel, Bt. MP 17 January 1822 10 April 1827 Tory Secretary of State for the Home Department (1828–)
The Rt. Hon. William Bourne MP 30 April 1827 16 July 1827 Tory First Commissioner of Woods and Forests
The Most Hon. The Marquess of Lansdowne 16 July 1827 22 January 1828 Whig Lord President of the Council (1830–)
The Rt. Hon. Sir Robert Peel, Bt. MP 26 January 1828 22 November 1830 Tory Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (1834–)
The Rt. Hon. The Viscount Melbourne 22 November 1830 16 July 1834 Whig Prime Minister of the United Kingdom
The Rt. Hon. Viscount Duncannon 19 July 1834 15 November 1834 Whig Lord Privy Seal and First Commissioner of Woods and Forests
His Grace The Duke of Wellington KG KP GCB GCH 15 November 1834 15 December 1834 Tory Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs and Leader of the House of Lords
The Rt. Hon. Henry Goulburn MP 15 December 1834 18 April 1835 Conservative Chancellor of the Exchequer (1841–)
The Rt. Hon. Lord John Russell 18 April 1835 30 August 1839 Whig Leader of the House of Commons and Secretary of State for War and the Colonies
The Most Hon. The Marquess of Normanby 30 August 1839 30 August 1841 Whig None
Sir James Graham, 2nd Baronet 6 September 1841 30 June 1846 Conservative
Sir George Grey, 2nd Baronet 8 July 1846 23 February 1852 Whig
Spencer Horatio Walpole 27 February 1852 19 December 1852 Conservative
The Viscount Palmerstone 28 December 1852 6 February 1855 Whig
Sir George Grey, 2nd Baronet 8 February 1855 26 February 1858 Whig
Spencer Horatio Walpole 26 February 1858 3 March 1859 Conservative
Thomas H. Sotheron-Estcourt 3 March 1859 18 June 1859 Conservative
Sir George Cornewall Lewis, 2nd Baronet 18 June 1859 25 July 1861 Liberal
Sir George Grey, 2nd Baronet 25 July 1861 28 June 1866 Liberal
Spencer Horatio Walpole 6 July 1866 17 May 1867 Conservative
Gathorne Hardy 17 May 1867 3 December 1868 Conservative
Henry Bruce 9 December 1868 9 August 1873 Liberal
Robert Lowe 9 August 1873 20 February 1874 Liberal
Richard Cross 21 February 1874 23 April 1880 Conservative
Sir William Harcourt 28 April 1880 23 June 1885 Liberal
Richard Cross 24 June 1885 1 February 1886 Conservative
Hugh Childers 6 February 1886 25 July 1886 Liberal
Henry Matthews 3 August 1886 15 August 1892 Conservative
H. H. Asquith 18 August 1892 25 June 1895 Liberal
Sir Matthew Ridley 29 June 1895 12 November 1900 Conservative
Charles Ritchie 12 November 1900 12 July 1902 Conservative
Aretas Akers-Douglas 12 July 1902 5 December 1905 Conservative
Herbert Gladstone 11 December 1905 19 February 1910 Liberal
Winston Churchill 19 February 1910 24 October 1911 Liberal
Reginald McKenna 24 October 1911 27 May 1915 Liberal
Sir John Simon 27 May 1915 12 January 1916 Liberal
Herbert Samuel 12 January 1916 7 December 1916 Liberal
George Cave, 1st Viscount Cave 11 December 1916 14 January 1919 Conservative
Edward Shortt 14 January 1919 23 October 1922 Liberal
William Bridgeman 25 October 1922 22 January 1924 Conservative
Arthur Henderson 23 January 1924 4 November 1924 Labour
Sir William Joynson-Hicks 7 November 1924 5 June 1929 Conservative
J. R. Clynes 8 June 1929 26 August 1931 Labour
Sir Herbert Samuel 26 August 1931 1 October 1932 Liberal
Sir John Gilmour 1 October 1932 7 June 1935 Unionist
The Rt. Hon. Sir John Simon MP 7 June 1935 28 May 1937 National Liberal
The Rt. Hon. Sir Samuel Hoare MP 28 May 1937 3 September 1939 Conservative
The Rt. Hon. Sir John Anderson MP 4 September 1939 4 October 1940 Conservative
Herbert Morrison 4 October 1940 23 May 1945 Labour
The Rt. Hon. Sir Donald Somervell MP 25 May 1945 26 July 1945 Conservative
James Chuter Ede 3 August 1945 26 October 1951 Labour
Sir David Maxwell Fyfe 27 October 1951 19 October 1954 Conservative
Gwilym Lloyd George 19 October 1954 14 January 1957 Conservative
The Rt. Hon. Rab Butler MP 14 January 1957 13 July 1962 Conservative
Henry Brooke 14 July 1962 16 October 1964 Conservative
The Rt. Hon Frank Soskice MP 18 October 1964 23 December 1965 Labour
The Rt. Hon. Roy Jenkins MP 23 December 1965 30 November 1967 Labour
The Rt. Hon. James Callaghan MP 30 November 1967 19 June 1970 Labour
The Rt. Hon. Reginauld Maudling MP 20 June 1970 18 July 1972 Conservative
Robert Carr 18 July 1972 4 March 1974 Conservative
Roy Jenkins 5 March 1974 10 September 1976 Labour
Merlyn Rees 10 September 1976 4 May 1979 Labour
William Whitelaw 4 May 1979 11 June 1983 Conservative
Leon Brittan 11 June 1983 2 September 1985 Conservative
Douglas Hurd 2 September 1985 26 October 1989 Conservative
David Waddington 24 July 1989 28 November 1990 Conservative
Kenneth Baker 28 November 1990 11 April 1992 Conservative
Kenneth Clarke 10 April 1992 27 May 1993 Conservative
Michael Howard 27 May 1993 2 May 1997 Conservative
Jack Straw 2 May 1997 8 June 2001 Labour
David Blunkett 8 June 2001 15 December 2004 Labour
Charles Clarke 15 December 2004 5 May 2006 Labour
John Reid 5 May 2006 27 June 2007 Labour
Jacqui Smith 28 June 2007 present Labour

References

Related pages

Related postings in other countries:

General terms

European positions

North and Central American positions

Asian positions

Australasian positions

See also

External links

Search another word or see home secretaryon Dictionary | Thesaurus |Spanish
Copyright © 2014 Dictionary.com, LLC. All rights reserved.
  • Please Login or Sign Up to use the Recent Searches feature
FAVORITES
RECENT

;