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Hodgkin, Dorothy Mary Crowfoot

Hodgkin, Dorothy Mary Crowfoot

Hodgkin, Dorothy Mary Crowfoot, 1910-94, English chemist and X-ray crystallographer, b. Egypt. She received the 1964 Nobel Prize in chemistry for determining the structure of biochemical compounds (particularly of vitamin B12) used to control pernicious anemia. In 1933 she and J. D. Bernal made the first X-ray photograph of a protein (pepsin). She was president (1977-78) of the British Association for the Advancement of Science.
The following table lists the Members of the Order of Merit since its inception in 1902.

Honorary members are shown in the list at the bottom of the page.

Dates shown are for appointment or installation.

Name Life Date Notes
Frederick Sleigh Roberts, 1st Earl Roberts of Kandahar 1832-1914 1902  
Garnet Joseph Wolseley, 1st Viscount Wolseley 1833-1913 1902  
Horatio Herbert Kitchener, 1st Viscount Kitchener 1850-1916 1902 later Earl Kitchener
John William Strutt, 3rd Baron Rayleigh 1842-1919 1902  
William Thomson, 1st Baron Kelvin 1824-1907 1902  
Joseph Lister, 1st Baron Lister 1827-1912 1902  
Sir Henry Keppel 1809-1904 1902  
John Morley 1838-1923 1902 later Viscount Morley
William Edward Hartpole Lecky 1838-1903 1902  
Edward Hobart Seymour 1840-1929 1902  
William Huggins 1824-1910 1902  
George Frederic Watts 1817-1904 1902  
George Stuart White 1835-1912 1905  
Sir John Arbuthnot Fisher 1841-1920 1905 later Baron Fisher
Richard Claverhouse Jebb 1841-1905 1905  
Lawrence Alma-Tadema 1836-1912 1905 later Sir Lawrence
George Meredith 1828-1909 1905  
William Holman Hunt 1827-1910 1905  
Evelyn Baring, 1st Earl of Cromer 1841-1917 1906  
James Bryce 1838-1922 1907 later Viscount Bryce
Sir Joseph Dalton Hooker 1817-1911 1907  
Florence Nightingale 1820-1910 1907  
Henry Jackson 1839-1921 1908  
Alfred Russel Wallace 1823-1913 1908  
Sir William Crookes 1832-1919 1910  
Thomas Hardy 1840-1928 1910  
Sir George Otto Trevelyan 1838-1928 1911  
Sir Edward William Elgar 1857-1934 1911  
Arthur Knyvet Wilson 1842-1921 1912  
Sir J. J. Thomson 1856-1940 1912  
Sir Archibald Geikie 1835-1924 1914  
John Denton Pinkstone French 1852-1925 1914 later Earl of Ypres
Richard Burdon Haldane, 1st Viscount Haldane 1856-1928 1915  
Henry James 1843-1916 1916  
John Jellicoe 1859-1935 1916 later Earl Jellicoe
Arthur James Balfour 1848-1930 1916 later Earl Balfour
David Beatty 1871-1936 1919 later Earl Beatty
Douglas Haig, 1st Earl Haig 1861-1928 1919  
David Lloyd George 1863-1945 1919 later Earl Lloyd George
Sir James Matthew Barrie 1860-1937 1922  
Francis Herbert Bradley 1846-1924 1924  
Charles Scott Sherrington 1857-1952 1924 later Sir Charles
James George Frazer 1854-1941 1925  
Ernest Rutherford 1871-1937 1925 later Baron Rutherford
Sir Charles Algernon Parsons 1854-1931 1927  
George Abraham Grierson 1851-1941 1928  
Robert Seymour Bridges 1844-1930 1929  
John Galsworthy 1867-1933 1929  
Samuel Alexander 1859-1938 1930  
Montague Rhodes James 1862-1936 1930  
George Macaulay Trevelyan 1876-1962 1930  
Sir Charles Edward Madden 1862-1935 1931  
Philip Wilson Steer 1860-1942 1931  
William Henry Bragg 1862-1942 1931 later Sir William
Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan 1888-1975 1931  
John William Mackail 1859-1945 1935  
John Masefield 1878-1967 1935  
Ralph Vaughan Williams 1872-1958 1935  
Sir Frederick Gowland Hopkins 1861-1947 1935  
Philip Walhouse Chetwode 1869-1950 1936 later Baron Chetwode
Herbert Albert Laurens Fisher 1865-1940 1937  
Robert Baden-Powell, 1st Baron Baden-Powell 1857-1941 1937  
Arthur Stanley Eddington 1882-1944 1938 later Sir Arthur
Ernle Montacute Chatfield, 1st Baron Chatfield 1873-1967 1939  
James Hopwood Jeans 1877-1946 1939 later Sir James
Cyril Louis Norton Newall 1886-1963 1940 later Baron Newall
George Gilbert Aime Murray 1866-1957 1941  
Sir Edwin Landseer Lutyens 1869-1944 1942
Augustus Edwin John 1878-1961 1942  
Edgar Douglas Adrian 1889-1977 1942 later Baron Adrian
Sir William Searle Holdsworth 1871-1944 1943  
Sir Alfred Dudley Pickman Rogers Pound 1877-1943 1943  
Sidney James Webb, 1st Baron Passfield 1859-1947 1944  
Sir Henry Hallett Dale 1875-1968 1944  
Giles Gilbert Scott 1880-1960 1944  
Alfred North Whitehead 1861-1947 1945  
Winston Churchill 1874-1965 1946 later Sir Winston
Charles Frederick Algernon Portal, 1st Viscount Portal of Hungerford 1893-1971 1946  
Alan Francis Brooke, 1st Viscount Alanbrooke 1883-1963 1946  
Andrew Browne Cunningham, 1st Viscount Cunningham of Hyndhope 1883-1963 1946  
Edward Wood, 1st Earl of Halifax 1881-1959 1946  
Jan Christiaan Smuts 1870-1959 1947  
William Lyon Mackenzie King 1874-1950 1947  
Thomas Stearns Eliot 1888-1965 1948  
Robert Robinson 1886-1975 1949  
Bertrand Arthur William Russell, 3rd Earl Russell 1872-1970 1949  
Sir Alexander George Montagu Cadogan 1884-1968 1951  
Hugh Montague Trenchard, 1st Viscount Trenchard 1873-1956 1951  
George Edward Moore 1873-1958 1951  
Clement Richard Attlee 1883-1967 1951 later Earl Attlee
Wilder Graves Penfield 1891-1976 1953  
Walter de la Mare 1873-1956 1953  
William Malcolm Hailey, 1st Baron Hailey 1872-1969 1956  
Sir John Douglas Cockcroft 1897-1967 1957  
John Anderson, 1st Viscount Waverley 1882-1958 1957  
Frank Macfarlane Burnet 1899-1985 1958 later Sir Macfarlane
Herbert Louis Samuel, 1st Viscount Samuel 1870-1963 1958  
Harold Alexander, 1st Earl Alexander of Tunis 1891-1969 1960  
Sir Cyril Norman Hinshelwood 1897-1967 1960  
Graham Vivian Sutherland 1903-1980 1960  
Geoffrey de Havilland 1882-1965 1962  
Basil Urwin Spence 1907-1976 1962  
Owen Dixon 1886-1972 1963 later Sir Owen
George Peabody Gooch 1873-1968 1963  
Henry Spencer Moore 1898-1986 1963  
Edward Benjamin Britten 1913-1976 1965 later Baron Britten
Dorothy Mary Crowfoot Hodgkin 1910-1994 1965
Louis Mountbatten, 1st Earl Mountbatten of Burma 1900-1979 1965  
Howard Walter Florey, Baron Florey 1898-1968 1965  
Patrick Maynard Stuart Blackett, Baron Blackett 1897-1974 1967  
Sir William Turner Walton 1902-1983 1967  
Ben Nicholson 1894-1982 1968  
Solly Zuckerman 1904-1993 1968 later Baron Zuckerman
Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh b. 1921 1968  
Edward Morgan Forster 1879-1970 1969  
Malcolm John MacDonald 1901-1981 1969  
William George Penney, Baron Penney 1909-1991 1969  
Sir Geoffrey Ingram Taylor 1886-1975 1969  
Dame Cicely Veronica Wedgwood 1910-1997 1969  
John Cawte Beaglehole 1901-1971 1969  
Lester Bowles Pearson 1897-1972 1971  
Isaiah Berlin 1909-1997 1971 later Sir Isaiah
George Robert Edwards 1908-2003 1971 later Sir George
Sir Alan Lloyd Hodgkin 1914-1998 1973  
Paul Adrien Maurice Dirac 1902-1984 1973  
Harold Macmillan 1894-1986 1976 later Earl of Stockton
Christopher Hinton, Baron Hinton of Bankside 1901-1983 1976  
Kenneth Mackenzie Clark, Baron Clark 1903-1983 1976  
Sir Ronald Syme 1903-1989 1976  
Alexander Robertus Todd, Baron Todd 1907-1997 1977  
Oliver Shewell Franks, Baron Franks 1905-1992 1977  
Sir Frederick William Mallandaine Ashton 1904-1988 1977  
John Boynton Priestley 1894-1984 1977  
Laurence Kerr Olivier, Baron Olivier 1907-1989 1981  
Sir Peter Brian Medawar 1915-1987 1981  
Geoffrey Leonard Cheshire 1917-1992 1981 later Baron Cheshire
William Owen Chadwick b. 1916 1983  
Sir Andrew Fielding Huxley b. 1917 1983  
Sir Sidney Robert Nolan 1917-1992 1983  
Sir Michael Kemp Tippett 1905-1998 1983  
Henry Graham Greene 1904-1991 1986  
Frederick Sanger b. 1918 1986  
Sir Frank Whittle 1907-1996 1986  
Sir Yehudi Menuhin 1916-1999 1987 later Baron Menuhin
Sir Ernest Hans Josef Gombrich 1909-2001 1988  
Max Ferdinand Perutz 1914-2002 1988  
Dame Cicely Saunders 1918-2005 1989  
George Porter 1920-2002 1989 later Baron Porter
Margaret Thatcher b. 1925 1990 later Baroness Thatcher
Dame Joan Sutherland b. 1926 1991  
Francis Harry Compton Crick 1916-2004 1991  
Dame Ninette de Valois 1898-2001 1992  
Sir Michael Francis Atiyah b. 1929 1992  
Lucien Freud b. 1922 1993  
Roy Harris Jenkins, Baron Jenkins of Hillhead 1920-2003 1993  
Sir Aaron Klug b. 1926 1995  
Sir John Gielgud 1904-2000 1996  
Alfred Thompson Denning, Baron Denning 1899-1999 1997  
Norman Robert Foster b. 1935 1997 later Baron Foster of Thames Bank
Sir Denis Rooke 1924-2008 1997  
Ted Hughes 1930-1998 1998  
George Basil Cardinal Hume 1923-1999 1999  
Sir James Whyte Black b. 1924 2000  
Sir Anthony Alfred Caro b. 1924 2000  
Sir Roger Penrose b. 1931 2000  
Sir Tom Stoppard b. 1937 2000  
Charles, Prince of Wales b. 1948 2002  
Robert McCredie May, Baron May of Oxford b. 1936 2002  
Jacob Rothschild, 4th Baron Rothschild b. 1936 2002  
Sir David Attenborough b. 1926 2005  
Betty Boothroyd, Baroness Boothroyd b. 1929 2005  
Sir Michael Howard b. 1922 2005  
Sir Timothy Berners-Lee b. 1955 2007  
Martin Rees, Baron Rees of Ludlow b. 1942 2007  
Robin Eames, Baron Eames b. 1937 2007  

Honorary Members

The following people were made honorary members of the Order:

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