Definitions

Hoagy

Hoagy

[hoh-gee]
Carmichael, Hoagy (Hoagland Howard Carmichael), 1899-1981, American songwriter, pianist, and singer, b. Bloomington, Ind. While still a student at Indiana Univ. he was influenced by a number of jazz musicians. Several of his jazz tunes, e.g., "Riverboat Shuffle" (1924), became popular in the 1920s. He went on to write many songs, of which "Stardust" (1929) is best known. Others include "Georgia on My Mind" (1930), "The Nearness of You" (1938), "Skylark" (1942), and "In the Cool, Cool, Cool of the Evening" (1951, Academy Award). Carmichael also played in and recorded with a number of bands. His easygoing charm made him a popular celebrity and was apparent in his film roles, e.g., in To Have and Have Not (1944) and Young Man with a Horn (1950).

See his The Stardust Road (1946) and Sometimes I Wonder (with S. Longstreet, 1965).

orig. Hoagland Howard Carmichael

Hoagy Carmichael.

(born Nov. 22, 1899, Bloomington, Ind., U.S.—died Dec. 27, 1981, Rancho Mirage, Calif.) U.S. songwriter. While studying law in Indiana, he met many jazz musicians, including Bix Beiderbecke, who recorded Carmichael's first composition, “Riverboat Shuffle” (1924). The relaxed tunefulness of later songs such as “Georgia (Georgia on My Mind),” “Rockin' Chair,” and “Lazy River” gave them a universal appeal. For Hollywood films he wrote “Thanks for the Memory,” “Two Sleepy People,” “Heart and Soul,” and “In the Cool, Cool, Cool of the Evening” (1951, Academy Award). His “Stardust” is reputedly the most recorded popular song of all time. He acted in several films, including To Have and Have Not (1944) and Young Man with a Horn (1950), and wrote the memoirs The Stardust Road (1946) and Sometimes I Wonder (1965).

Learn more about Carmichael, Hoagy with a free trial on Britannica.com.

orig. Hoagland Howard Carmichael

Hoagy Carmichael.

(born Nov. 22, 1899, Bloomington, Ind., U.S.—died Dec. 27, 1981, Rancho Mirage, Calif.) U.S. songwriter. While studying law in Indiana, he met many jazz musicians, including Bix Beiderbecke, who recorded Carmichael's first composition, “Riverboat Shuffle” (1924). The relaxed tunefulness of later songs such as “Georgia (Georgia on My Mind),” “Rockin' Chair,” and “Lazy River” gave them a universal appeal. For Hollywood films he wrote “Thanks for the Memory,” “Two Sleepy People,” “Heart and Soul,” and “In the Cool, Cool, Cool of the Evening” (1951, Academy Award). His “Stardust” is reputedly the most recorded popular song of all time. He acted in several films, including To Have and Have Not (1944) and Young Man with a Horn (1950), and wrote the memoirs The Stardust Road (1946) and Sometimes I Wonder (1965).

Learn more about Carmichael, Hoagy with a free trial on Britannica.com.

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