This method is the sixth most common method of dismissal after caught, bowled, leg before wicket, run out and stumped. It is significantly rarer than any of these, which constitute the five conventional methods, but still much more common than the other four (timed out, handled the ball, obstructing the field and hit the ball twice), which are extremely rare.
Although a bowler is given credit for the wicket, it is not a method of dismissal that a bowler actively seeks. A batsman may not be given out Hit wicket if the ball is not actually delivered by the bowler or if the delivery is a no ball.
Later in 1921, in the 2nd Test against South Africa at Old Wanderers in Johannesburg, McDonald dismissed Billy Zulch in a similar fashion, breaking the batsman's bat so that fragments flew back to dislodge a bail, and the Zulch was given out, "hit wicket".
The MCC have clarified this situation though, and in fact nowadays a batsman should not be given out if a splinter, or part of his bat, breaks the wicket, as it must be his whole bat that breaks the wicket.
In the 2nd Test between Australia and West Indies, at the MCG in 1960-61, the Test immediately after the famous Tied Test at Brisbane, Joe Solomon was first out in the second innings, following on. Playing back to a topspinner bowled by Richie Benaud, his cap fell off and dislodged a bail, so he was out "hit wicket". Somewhat unusually, the Australian crowd thought the dismissal was unsporting, and booed their own side.
Two other Test dismissals involve Indians. In July 1974, Ashok Mankad was dismissed by Chris Old in similar fashion in the second innings of 3rd Test at Edgbaston, the only match that Mankad played on that tour, and Dilip Vengsarkar was similarly dismissed by Jeff Thomson in December 1977, in the first innings of the 1st Test at Brisbane, in Vengsarkar's 12th Test innings and his seventh Test match.
In the 3rd nPower Test between England and West Indies on 9 June 2007, Kevin Pietersen was out hit wicket when his helmet fell onto the stumps. The match took place at Old Trafford Cricket Ground and the bowler was Dwayne Bravo, who bowled a good bouncer that dislodged the helmet. Replays suggested that the force of the ball broke the chinstrap, freeing the lid to strike the stumps.
In the 3rd One Day International against Australia in Dunedin in February 2000, New Zealand's Adam Parore's helmet was knocked off by a short-pitched delivery from Brett Lee. The helmet fell into the stumps, and Parore was also out "hit wicket", causing some disturbance in the crowd.
Playing for Warwickshire at Edgbaston, M. J. K. Smith was once dismissed when a gust of wind blew his cap on to his wicket.
On 9 June 2007 in the third test at Old Trafford Kevin Pietersen was dismissed Hit Wicket by Dwayne Bravo when a bouncer hit him on the helmet and caught the fastening for the chin strap. This allowed the helmet to be dislodged and it fell onto his wicket dislodging the bails.
David Obuya is the only cricketer to be dismissed Hit wicket in International Twenty20, on 12 September 2007 ICC World Twenty20 the 2nd match of Group C, Mark Gillespie pitched the ball just short of a length and the ball swings back into Obuya from outside off stump, the ball arrives quicker than Obuya expects and he gets pushed back in his crease, he loses balance and treads on his stumps.
If You Know What a Googly Is, You'll Love Hit Wicket ; Expat Cricket Fans from Everywhere Find Their Place at the Inman Square Restaurant That Screens International Matches
Sep 07, 2013; Of all the things he left behind, Roger McLelland might have missed his favorite sport the most. He had grown up on the island of...
Hit Wicket ; A consortium of banks offered BCCI a guarantee of Rs 2,000 crore without sufficient collateral from Nimbus Communications.
Jan 09, 2012; The Board of Control for Cricket in India (BCCI) believes a consortium of banks that offered a Rs 2,000 crore guarantee to it on...