Definitions

Hiram

Hiram

[hahy-ruhm]
Hiram. 1 In the Bible, king of Tyre, c.969-936 B.C., a friend of David and Solomon. Solomon and Hiram shared in trade with India and the Mediterranean, and Hiram sent much material for the Temple. 2 In First Kings, artisan in metals from Tyre, sent for by Solomon to work on the ornamentation of the Temple. He appears as Huram in Second Chronicles.
Powers, Hiram, 1805-73, American sculptor, b. Woodstock, Vt. Having moved to Ohio, he made wax models for a Cincinnati museum. In 1835 he began his career as a sculptor, spending some time in Washington, D.C., where he modeled several portrait busts, including one of President Jackson (Metropolitan Mus.). In 1837 he went to Florence to study classical art. There he flourished to the end of his life. His Greek Slave (1843) became the most popular statue of the period in Europe and the United States. The second of several copies is in the Corcoran Gallery. His sculptures of Franklin and Jefferson are in the Capitol, Washington, D.C.

See S. E. Crane, White Silence (1972).

Bingham, Hiram, 1789-1869, American Congregationalist missionary, b. Bennington, Vt. In 1819 the American Board of Missions sent him, with others, to found the first Protestant mission in the Hawaiian Islands. Bingham adapted the Hawaiian language to writing, published Elementary Lessons in Hawaiian (1822), and, with his associates, translated the Bible into Hawaiian.

See his A Residence of Twenty-one Years in the Sandwich Islands (1847, 3d ed. rev. 1969).

Bingham, Hiram, 1831-1908, American Congregationalist missionary, b. Honolulu; son of Hiram Bingham (1789-1869). In 1857 he founded a mission on Abaiang in the Gilbert Islands (now part of Kiribati). Bingham adapted the language of the Gilbert Islands to writing. He translated the Bible and also prepared in Gilbertese a Bible dictionary, a hymnbook, and a commentary on the Gospels.
Bingham, Hiram, 1875-1956, American archaeologist, historian, and statesman, b. Honolulu; son of Hiram Bingham (1831-1908). He was educated at Yale (B.A., 1898), the Univ. of California (M.A., 1900), and Harvard (M.A., 1901; Ph.D., 1905) and later taught (1907-23) at Yale. Bingham headed archaeological expeditions sent from Yale in 1911, 1912, and 1914-15 to South America and investigated the Inca ruins of Vitcos and Machu Picchu in 1911 and 1912, bringing them to the attention of the outside world for the first time. Bingham incorrectly identified Machu Picchu as the "lost city" of Vilcabamba, the final stronghold of the Inca leader Manco Capac against the Spanish, which was finally destroyed in 1572. Ironically, Bingham was the first modern explorer to reach Espiritu Pampa, located c.60 miles (110 km) east of Machu Picchu, a site now recognized by most experts as the actual remains of Vilcabamba. His well-known books deal with these expeditions and with Machu Picchu—Journal of an Expedition across Venezuela and Colombia (1909), Across South America (1911), Inca Land (1922), Machu Picchu, a Citadel of the Incas (1930), and Lost City of the Incas (1948). In World War I he was notable as an aviator, heading an Allied flying school in France. After leaving Yale, he served as lieutenant governor (1923-24) and governor (1925) of Connecticut and as U.S. senator (1925-33). He also wrote about the Monroe Doctrine and other policies of state.

“Greek Slave,” marble statue by Hiram Powers, 1843; in the Corcoran Gallery of Art, elipsis

(born June 29, 1805, Woodstock, Vt., U.S.—died June 27, 1873, Florence, Italy) U.S.-born Italian sculptor. He worked as an artist-assistant in a waxworks museum in Cincinnati, Ohio, then moved to Washington, D.C., where he modeled busts of such figures as Andrew Jackson (1834). In 1837 he settled permanently in Florence. He attracted international notoriety with his marble Greek Slave (1843), an image of a nude young woman in chains, which caused a sensation at London's Crystal Palace Exposition in 1851. An artist of outstanding technical ability, he was one of the most popular sculptors of his time.

Learn more about Powers, Hiram with a free trial on Britannica.com.

“Greek Slave,” marble statue by Hiram Powers, 1843; in the Corcoran Gallery of Art, elipsis

(born June 29, 1805, Woodstock, Vt., U.S.—died June 27, 1873, Florence, Italy) U.S.-born Italian sculptor. He worked as an artist-assistant in a waxworks museum in Cincinnati, Ohio, then moved to Washington, D.C., where he modeled busts of such figures as Andrew Jackson (1834). In 1837 he settled permanently in Florence. He attracted international notoriety with his marble Greek Slave (1843), an image of a nude young woman in chains, which caused a sensation at London's Crystal Palace Exposition in 1851. An artist of outstanding technical ability, he was one of the most popular sculptors of his time.

Learn more about Powers, Hiram with a free trial on Britannica.com.

Hiram is a city in Paulding County, Georgia, United States. The population was 1,361 at the 2000 census.

Geography

Hiram is located at (33.865575, -84.774593).

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 3.0 square miles (7.8 km²), of which, 3.0 square miles (7.8 km²) of it is land and 0.04 square miles (0.1 km²) of it (0.66%) is water.

Demographics

As of the census of 2000, there were 1,361 people, 481 households, and 367 families residing in the city. The population density was 452.5 people per square mile (174.6/km²). There were 506 housing units at an average density of 168.2/sq mi (64.9/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 81.78% White, 14.77% African American, 0.22% Native American, 0.07% Asian, 1.40% from other races, and 1.76% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.84% of the population.

There were 481 households out of which 38.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.9% were married couples living together, 14.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 23.7% were non-families. 19.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 4.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.83 and the average family size was 3.20.

In the city the population was spread out with 28.4% under the age of 18, 11.4% from 18 to 24, 33.7% from 25 to 44, 19.3% from 45 to 64, and 7.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females there were 99.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.2 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $50,069, and the median income for a family was $51,705. Males had a median income of $36,048 versus $24,483 for females. The per capita income for the city was $19,254. About 4.1% of families and 5.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.4% of those under age 18 and none of those age 65 or over.

Recreation

  • Silver Comet Trail
  • Ben Hill Strickland Park
  • Hiram Ruritan, a private rec center with various ball fields

References

External links

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