Definitions

Hippolyte

Hippolyte

Hippolyte, in Greek mythology, an Amazon queen. One of the 12 labors of Hercules was to take the golden girdle of Ares from her. To accomplish his task Hercules captured Hippolyte and then ransomed her for the girdle, although some said that he killed her for it. According to one legend, after Theseus abducted her sister Antiope, Hippolyte led a vengeful army to Athens but was defeated and died of grief. She is sometimes confused with Antiope and said to be the mother of Hippolytus.
Carnot, Hippolyte, 1801-88, French statesman; son of Lazare Carnot. He shared his father's exile after 1815 and returned to France in 1823. A follower of Claude Henri de Saint-Simon, he participated in the July Revolution of 1830. He came to oppose the July Monarchy and was elected three times as an opposition member of the chamber of deputies. He took part in the radical agitation that led to the February Revolution of 1848 and became minister of education in the provisional government. Entering (1864) the corps législatif, he joined the liberal opposition to Emperor Napoleon III, after whose downfall he became a member of the constituent assembly (1871) and then a senator for life (1875).
Delaroche, Hippolyte, 1797-1856, French historical and portrait painter, known as Paul Delaroche. He studied with Gros. The exhibition of his large Joas Saved by Josabeth in 1822 brought him a popularity that continued throughout his life. He devoted himself chiefly to the painting of large historical canvases. Death of the Duke of Guise (Chantilly) is a notable example. Romantic in subject and in sentiment, the painting of Delaroche is studied and academic in handling. He was also a popular portraitist.
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