The accused in this trial were all high-ranking generals of the German Wehrmacht (one was a former Admiral) and former members of the High Command of Nazi Germany's military forces. They were charged with having participated in or planned or facilitated the execution of the numerous atrocities committed in countries occupied by the German forces during the war.
The judges in this case, heard before Military Tribunal V-A, were John C. Young (presiding judge) from Colorado, Winfield B. Hale from Tennessee, and Justin W. Harding from Alaska. The Chief of Counsel for the Prosecution was Telford Taylor. The indictment was filed on November 28, 1947; the trial lasted from December 30 that year until October 28, 1948. Of the 14 defendants indicted, two were acquitted on all counts. Johannes Blaskowitz committed suicide during the trial. The remaining nine defendants received prison sentences ranging from three years including time served to lifetime imprisonment.
All defendants were indicted on all counts; they all pleaded "not guilty".
Count 4 of the indictment—the conspiracy charge—was soon dropped by the tribunal because it was already covered by the other charges.
On count 1, the tribunal considered all accused not guilty, stating that they were not the policy-makers and that preparing for war and fighting a war on orders was not a criminal offense under the applicable international law of the time.
|Wilhelm von Leeb||Former Field Marshal (until 1941)||I||I||G||I||3 years' imprisonment; released after the trial|
|Hugo Sperrle||Former Field Marshal||I||I||I||I||acquitted|
|Georg von Küchler||Former Field Marshal||I||G||G||I||20 years' imprisonment; reduced to 12 years in 1951; released 1953 due to medical reasons.|
|Johannes Blaskowitz||Former Generaloberst||I||I||I||I||Committed suicide during the trial on February 8, 1948|
|Hermann Hoth||Former Generaloberst||I||G||G||I||15 years' imprisonment; released 1954.|
|Georg-Hans Reinhardt||Former Generaloberst||I||G||G||I||15 years' imprisonment; released 1952.|
|Hans von Salmuth||Former Generaloberst||I||G||G||I||20 years' imprisonment; reduced to 12 years in 1951|
|Karl-Adolf Hollidt||Former Generaloberst||I||G||G||I||5 years' imprisonment; released December 22, 1949|
|Otto Schniewind||Former Admiral||I||I||I||I||acquitted|
|Karl von Roques||Former Generalleutnant||I||G||G||I||20 years' imprisonment; died December 24, 1949.|
|Hermann Reinecke||Former Generalleutnant; head of the General Office of the Armed Forces at OKW (Allgemeines Wehrmachtamt, AWA), also head of the office for the NSFO (National-Sozialistische Führungs-Offiziere, Nazi officers charged with political propaganda in the Wehrmacht)||I||G||G||I||lifetime imprisonment; released 1954|
|Walter Warlimont||Former Generalleutnant; deputy head of the Wehrmacht-Führungsstab (WMFS), the Armed Forces Operations Staff.||I||G||G||I||lifetime imprisonment; commuted to 18 years in 1951; released 1954.|
|Otto Wöhler||Former Generalleutnant||I||G||G||I||8 years' imprisonment; released 1951|
|Rudolf Lehmann||Former Generalleutnant, Judge Advocate-General of the OKW and as such responsible for the elaboration of the Commissar order, the Barbarossa order, and others.||I||G||G||I||7 years' imprisonment|