Heartland

Heartland

[hahrt-land, -luhnd]
Heartland is used in geography to refer to the central areas of a country. This occurs in many nations and areas, such as Eurasia and the United States.

Geopolitics

Heartland as a geopolitical term was originally created by Sir Halford Mackinder in his address, The Geographical Pivot of History, to the Royal Geographic Society.

Heartland refers to the continuous landmass of Eurasia measuring more than 21 million square miles (54 million km²). This landmass contains no waterways to the ocean and is contained by the Arctic ice cap and drainage to the north, the monsoon lands along the Pacific Ocean and the Indian Ocean, the Near East or land of the Five Seas, and Europe. This landmass is remote and inaccessible to its periphery. Mackinder argued in his address that this was the strategic region of the foremost importance in the World.

The term heartland was important in the writings of Adolf Hitler's geopolitical mentor Karl Haushofer, who greatly influenced Hitler's concept of lebensraum which he advanced in Mein Kampf, and formed the basis of the eventual establishment of Hitler's New Order--i.e., that it is necessary for Nazi Germany to control the heartland of Eurasia by successfully completing the conquest of Russia.

The term is used by United States geopolitician Zbigniew Brzezinski in his writings.

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