Personal protective equipment (PPE) refers to protective clothing, helmets, goggles, or other garment designed to protect the wearer's body or clothing from injury by electrical hazards, heat, chemicals, and infection, for job-related occupational safety and health purposes, and in sports, martial arts, combat, etc. Personal armor is combat-specialized protective gear.
PPE can also be used to protect the working environment from pesticide application, pollution or infection from the worker (for example in a microchip factory).
The protection may be important in both ways, as with the use of disposable gloves by surgeons and dentists.
Protective clothing is also worn for contact sports, such as ice hockey and American football. Baseball players wear sliding shorts and a cup under their pants. See baseball clothing and equipment, goalie mask, jockstrap.
In British legislation the term PPE does not cover items such as armour.
Common protective materials include Nomex and Kevlar.
The terms "protective gear" and "protective clothing" are in many cases interchangeable; "protective clothing" is applied to traditional categories of clothing, and "gear" is a more general term and preferably means uniquely protective categories, such as pads, guards, shields, masks, etc.
For riding a motorcycle, protective headgear and eyegear are required by law in many countries.
See Helmet#Types of helmet
made of hard material like those used by goaltenders
in ice hockey
(a goalie mask
) and catchers
as protection against being struck in the face.
See Eye protection.
Other head/neck protection
Body protectionAthletic supporter/protective cup
Chestguard (Chest guard, Hogu)
Abdomen guard (cricket box)
is an umbrella term
for any suit or clothing which protects the wearer. Any specific design of suit may offer protection against biological
chemical agents, particle radiation
(alpha) and/or radiation
(delta and gamma), and may offer flash protection
in the case of bomb disposal suits
. Most forms of industrial clothing
are protective clothing. Personal protective equipment includes:
The word "chemsuit
" is sometimes used to mean a real chemical-protection suit, as well as fictional.
Sets of equipment
- Chainsaw protection (especially a helmet with face guard, hearing protection, kevlar chaps, anti-vibration gloves, and safety boots). Specific information about chainsaw protection is given in the chainsaw safety clothing article.
- Bee keepers wear various levels of protection depending on the temperament of their bees and the reaction of the bees to nectar availability. At minimum most bee keepers wear a brimmed hat and a veil made of hardware cloth similar to window screen material. The next level of protection is offered by leather gloves with long gauntlets and by some way of keeping bees from crawling up one's trouser legs. In extreme cases, shirts and trousers are also fabricated to serve as barriers to the bees' stingers.
- Diving equipment (scuba gear)
Other personal protective equipment
, protection of their horses is not less important: