is a city in Los Angeles County
, United States
. It is the smallest city in the county (approximately 1.0 mi²) and was incorporated on April 9
. The population was 14,779 at the 2000 census. The town's unusual name originated in a 1920s-era refreshment stand that was decorated with palm fronds and bamboo. It was the then-rural area's main landmark for many years, and its name stuck as the small town grew up around it. As one of seven Los Angeles County cities that allow casino gambling, more than $9.2 million (65%) of the city's revenue comes from Hawaiian Gardens Casino
, a card club.
Hawaiian Gardens is located at (33.828565, -118.073646). It is bounded by the Los Angeles County
cities of Long Beach
, and by the Orange County
city of Cypress
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 2.5 km² (1.0 mi²). 2.5 km² (1.0 mi²) of it is land and 0.1 km² (0.04 mi²) of it (2.04%) is water. Hawaiian Gardens is the smallest city in area in Los Angeles County.
As of the census
of 2000, there were 14,779 people, 3,507 households, and 2,868 families residing in the city. The population density
was 5,944.0/km² (15,389.5/mi²). There were 3,624 housing units at an average density of 1,457.5/km² (3,773.7/mi²). The racial makeup of the city was 38.24% White
, 4.45% Black
or African American
, 1.28% Native American
, 8.80% Asian
, 0.74% Pacific Islander
, 41.65% from other races
, and 4.85% from two or more races. 73.54% of the population were Hispanic
of any race.
There were 3,507 households out of which 52.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.8% were married couples living together, 19.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 18.2% were non-families. 14.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 4.21 and the average family size was 4.52.
In the city the population was spread out with 36.8% under the age of 18, 12.6% from 18 to 24, 30.1% from 25 to 44, 14.4% from 45 to 64, and 6.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 25 years. For every 100 females there were 104.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 102.4 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $34,500, and the median income for a family was $31,840. Males had a median income of $21,074 versus $20,643 for females. The per capita income for the city was $10,728. About 19.8% of families and 22.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 27.4% of those under age 18 and 15.2% of those age 65 or over.
In the state legislature
Hawaiian Gardens is located in the 27th Senate
District, represented by Democrat Alan Lowenthal
, and in the 56th Assembly
District, represented by Democrat Tony Mendoza
. Federally, Hawaiian Gardens is located in California's 39th congressional district
, which has a Cook PVI
of D +13 and is represented by Democrat Linda Sánchez
Fire protection in Hawaiian Gardens is provided by the Los Angeles County Fire Department
with ambulance transport by Care Ambulance Service
. The Los Angeles County Sheriff's Department
provides law enforcement, utilizing the Lakewood Sheriff's Station.
In the early 1990s, the City of Hawaiian Gardens, concerned about being serviced from Lakewood, created its own police department, which lasted four years due to increasing pressure from the casino's owner (Irving Moskowitz), who preferred the sheriff's contract over local control.
Hawaiian Gardens is within the ABC Unified School District
Elementary schools within Hawaiian gardens include:
Middle schools within Hawaiian Gardens include:
Residents are zoned to the following high schools: