Haviland

Haviland

[hav-uh-luhnd]
Haviland, John, 1792-1852, American architect, b. Philadelphia. Haviland was noted as a pioneer in prison architecture. His design for the Pennsylvania Eastern State Penitentiary was imitated internationally and heralded prison reform in the 19th cent. Haviland's prisons were characterized by light, airy cells occupied by a single inmate; his designs were soon outmoded by the rise of prison populations.

(born Nov. 26, 1876, Angola, N.Y., U.S.—died Oct. 7, 1950, New York, N.Y.) U.S. inventor and industrialist. Carrier designed the first system to control temperature and humidity in 1902. His “Rational Psychrometric Formulae,” introduced in 1911, initiated scientific air-conditioning design. In 1915 he cofounded the Carrier Engineering Company, which became the world's largest manufacturer of air-conditioning equipment. Carrier was purchased by United Technologies Corporation in 1979.

Learn more about Carrier, Willis Haviland with a free trial on Britannica.com.

(born Nov. 26, 1876, Angola, N.Y., U.S.—died Oct. 7, 1950, New York, N.Y.) U.S. inventor and industrialist. Carrier designed the first system to control temperature and humidity in 1902. His “Rational Psychrometric Formulae,” introduced in 1911, initiated scientific air-conditioning design. In 1915 he cofounded the Carrier Engineering Company, which became the world's largest manufacturer of air-conditioning equipment. Carrier was purchased by United Technologies Corporation in 1979.

Learn more about Carrier, Willis Haviland with a free trial on Britannica.com.

Haviland is a city in Kiowa County, Kansas, United States. The population was 612 at the 2000 census. It is home to Barclay College.

Haviland is known for meteorite finds connected to the Haviland Crater and for an annual meteorite festival held in July. The festival includes food, contests, treasure hunts, raffles, meteorite digs, concerts, and star-gazing.

History

Haviland was founded by a group of Quakers originally from Indiana and named for Laura Haviland, a leader of the Underground Railroad.

Geography

Haviland is located at (37.616685, -99.105478).

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 0.5 square miles (1.2 km²), all of it land.

Demographics

As of the census of 2000, there were 612 people, 207 households, and 146 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,314.5 people per square mile (502.8/km²). There were 250 housing units at an average density of 537.0/sq mi (205.4/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 96.24% White, 1.14% African American, 0.82% Native American, 0.49% Asian, 0.98% from other races, and 0.33% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.43% of the population.

There were 207 households out of which 32.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.9% were married couples living together, 8.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.0% were non-families. 27.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.51 and the average family size was 3.08.

In the city the population was spread out with 25.2% under the age of 18, 17.8% from 18 to 24, 19.4% from 25 to 44, 22.4% from 45 to 64, and 15.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females there were 91.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.6 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $29,821, and the median income for a family was $36,250. Males had a median income of $30,179 versus $18,214 for females. The per capita income for the city was $12,075. About 6.6% of families and 11.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.4% of those under age 18 and 8.3% of those age 65 or over.

References

External links

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