City (pop., 2000: 123,626), south-central Connecticut, U.S. A port of entry on Long Island Sound, it was originally settled in 1638 and became part of the colony of Connecticut in 1665. It was the co-capital with Hartford until 1875. New Haven was sacked by loyalist forces during the American Revolution (1779), and during the American Civil War it was a centre of abolitionist activity (see abolitionism). A number of famous inventors made the city a centre of industrial technology, including Charles Goodyear, Eli Whitney, and Samuel F.B. Morse. It is the home of Yale University and several other educational and cultural institutions.
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There were 463 households out of which 35.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.5% were married couples living together, 8.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.6% were non-families. 26.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.54 and the average family size was 3.10.
In the city the population was spread out with 29.4% under the age of 18, 7.6% from 18 to 24, 27.6% from 25 to 44, 19.8% from 45 to 64, and 15.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 93.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.6 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $38,239, and the median income for a family was $45,682. Males had a median income of $34,125 versus $20,662 for females. The per capita income for the city was $16,319. About 5.6% of families and 7.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.7% of those under age 18 and 8.0% of those age 65 or over.
Haven's mascot is the Wildcats