, also sometimes autophobia
refers to an extreme dislike of oneself, or being angry at oneself. The term is also used to designate a dislike or hatred of a group to which one belongs. For instance, "ethnic self-hatred" is the extreme dislike of one's ethnic group. Accusations of self-hatred are often used as an ad hominem
The term "self-hatred" is used infrequently by psychologists and psychiatrists, who would usually describe people who hate themselves as "persons with low self-esteem". Some people think that self-hatred and shame are important factors in some or many mental disorders, especially disorders that involve a perceived defect of oneself (e.g. body dysmorphic disorder). "Ethnic self-hatred" is considered by some people as being a cultural issue, to which psychological theories have limited relevance. Self-hatred is also a prime feature of avoidant personality disorder.
Types of self-hatred
The term self-hatred can refer to either a strong dislike for oneself, one's actions, or a strong dislike or hatred of one's own race
, sexual orientation
et cetera. When used in the latter context it is generally defined as hatred of one's identity based on the demographic in question, as well as a desire to distance oneself from this identity.
Personal self-hatred and self-loathing can result from an inferiority complex
. Some sociology
theorists such as Jerry Mander
see television programming
as being deliberately designed to induce self-hatred, negative body image
, and depression
, with the advertising
then being used to suggest the cure
See also the arguments related to the Kill your television
Self-injury as self-hatred
is a psychological disorder, which may involve self-hatred, where the subject feels compelled to physically injure themselves.
- Is Black self-hatred racist? John Carlson, Knight Ridder/Tribune News Service, Feb. 9 1994.
- Sander L. Gilman Difference and Pathology: Stereotypes of Sexuality, Race and Madness Cornell University Press, 1985