hang

hang gliding

Sport of flying in unpowered aircraft that are light enough to be carried by the pilot. Takeoff is usually achieved by launching into the air from a cliff or hill. Hang gliders were developed by the pioneers of practical flight. In Germany, starting in 1891, Otto Lilienthal made several thousand flights before a fatal gliding accident in 1896. In the U.S. collaboration between Augustus Herring and Octave Chanute resulted in successful flights of a biplane hang glider in 1896. Modern hang gliding emerged toward the end of the 1960s. In the early 1960s enthusiasts in California were gliding down coastal dunes on homebuilt delta-shaped wings they had adapted from kite designs developed by Francis and Gertrude Rogallo. The Rogallos' kites had attracted attention because of NASA's interest in using them for spacecraft retrieval. By the early 1970s the sport had spread throughout the U.S. and into Europe. World championships in hang gliding have been held and records kept since 1975.

Learn more about hang gliding with a free trial on Britannica.com.

Woo Tsin-hang1 (March 25, 1865 - October 30, 1953), born Wu Tiao (吳朓 Wú Tiǎo), with the courtesy name Chih-hui (稚暉 Zhìhuī), was a Chinese linguist and philosopher who was the chairman of the 1912–13 Commission on the Unification of Pronunciation that created Zhuyin (based on Zhang Binglin's work) and standardized Guoyu pronunciation.

Woo Tsin-hang was born in Wujin (武進), Jiangsu province, during the Qing Dynasty.

In 1905, before the establishment of the Republic of China, he met Sun Yat-sen in Europe and joined the Tong Meng Hui. He also became the first Academic Scholar of the Humanity Division (人文組院士) of the Academia Sinica and a representative in the National People's Delegate Conferences (國民大會). He moved to Taiwan and was the teacher of Chiang Ching-kuo. He died in Taipei at the age of 88.

He was also respected for his various styles of calligraphy, which is evident in the design of chu-yin; all of its symbols have the strokes and essence of calligraphy.

His publications can be found in The Collection of the Works of Mr. Wu Chih-hui (《吳稚暉先生集》).

[1] "Woo Tsin-hang," used in the Academia Sinica's Western publications, is his name pronounced in the Jiangsu dialect of Wu.

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