Definitions

hammer throw

hammer throw

Athletic event in which a hammer is thrown for distance. The hammer consists of a 16-lb (7.26-kg) metal ball attached to a spring steel wire handle that measures not more than 4 ft (1.2 m) in length. The thrower makes three full, quick turns of the body before flinging the hammer. The sport developed centuries ago in the British Isles; it has been a regular part of track-and-field competitions there since 1866 and an Olympic sport since 1900.

Learn more about hammer throw with a free trial on Britannica.com.

The modern or Olympic is an athletic throwing event where the object is to throw a heavy metal ball attached to a wire and handle. The name "hammer throw" is derived from older competitions where an actual sledge hammer was thrown. Such competitions are still part of the Scottish Highland Games, where the implement used is a steel or lead weight at the end of a cane handle.

Like other throwing events, the competition is decided by who can throw the ball the farthest. The men's hammer weighs 16 lb (7.257 kg) and measures 4 feet (122 cm) in length and the women's hammer weighs 8.82 lb (4 kg) and 4 feet (122 cm) in length. Competitors gain maximum distance by spinning the hammer above their head to set up the circular motion. Then they apply force and pick up speed by completing one to four turns in the circle. In competition, most throwers turn three or four times. The ball moves in a circular path, gradually increasing in velocity with each turn with the high point of the ball toward the sector and the low point at the back of the circle. The thrower releases the ball from the front of the circle. The two most important factors for a long throw are the angle of release and the speed of the ball.

While the men's hammer throw has been in the Olympic Games since 1900, the IAAF did not start ratifying women's marks until 1995. Women's hammer throw was first included in the Olympics at the 2000 Summer Olympics in Sydney, after having been included in the World Championships a year earlier.

The current world record for the men's hammer was set by Yuriy Sedykh who threw 86.74 m at the European athletics championships held in Stuttgart, West Germany in 1986.

The current world record for the women's hammer was set by Tatyana Lysenko who threw 77.80 m in Tallinn, Estonia on 15 August, 2006.

World Record Progression

Men

MARK ATHLETE VENUE DATE
57.77 New York City 1913-08-17
59.57 Katowice 1949-09-04
59.88 Budapest 1950-05-19
60.34 Helsinki 1952-07-14
61.25 Oslo 1952-09-14
62.36 Oslo 1953-09-05
63.34 Bern 1954-08-29
64.05 Baku 1954-12-12
64.33 Warsaw 1955-08-04
64.52 Belgrad 1955-09-19
65.85 Nalchik 1956-04-25
66.38 Minsk 1956-07-08
67.32 Tashkent 1956-10-22
68.54 Los Angeles 1956-11-02
68.68 Los Angeles 1958-11-02
70.33 Walnut 1960-06-20
70.67 Palo Alto 1962-08-12
71.06 Ceres 1965-07-21
71.26 Walnut 1965-05-29
73.74 Debrecen 1965-09-04
73.76 Budapest 1968-09-14
74.52 Budapest 1969-06-15
74.68 Athens 1969-10-12
75.48 Rovno 1969-10-20
76.40 Lahr 1971-09-04
76.60 Leipzig 1974-07-04
76.66 Munich 1974-09-11
76.70 Rehlingen 1975-05-19
77.76 Rehlingen 1975-05-19
78.50 Rehlingen 1975-05-19
79.30 Frankfurt 1975-08-14
80.14 Moscow 1978-07-09
80.32 Heidenheim 1978-08-06
80.38 Leselidse 1980-05-16
80.46 Leselidse 1980-05-16
80.64 Leselidse 1980-05-16
81.66 Sochi 1980-05-24
81.80 Moscow 1980-07-31
83.98 Moscow 1982-06-04
84.14 Moscow 1983-06-21
86.34 Cork 1984-07-03
86.66 Tallinn 1986-06-22
86.74 Stuttgart 1986-08-30

Women

Non-Official

MARK ATHLETE VENUE DATE
17.03 Madrid 1931-06-29
18.58 Madrid 1931-09-18
22.85 Madrid 1932-06-19
32.08 Leicester 1975-07-27
32.94 Nykøbing 1980-07-31
33.12 Gresham 1981-04-04
36.72 Nykøbing 1981-04-19
38.33 Stanford 1982-04-10
41.99 Stanford 1982-04-10
48.13 Stanford 1982-11-27
53.65 Berkeley 1984-04-28
54.86 Berkeley 1984-05-05
57.51 Berkeley 1984-05-05
58.26 Moscow 1988-05-01
58.52 Los Gatos 1988-06-11
58.94 Los Gatos 1988-07-10
58.98 Vilnius 1988-08-28
61.20 Wakayama 1989-04-30
61.50 Frunze 1989-09-30
61.96 Adler 1990-02-11
62.70 Adler 1991-02-09
63.08 Adler 1991-02-24
64.44 Adler 1991-02-24
64.44 Rostov 1992-05-17
65.40 Bryansk 1992-06-04
66.84 Adler 1994-02-23
67.34 Minsk 1994-06-05

IAAF era

MARK ATHLETE VENUE DATE
66.86 Bucharest 1995-03-04
68.14 Moscow 1995-06-05
68.16 Moscow 1995-06-18
69.46 Sydney 1996-02-17
69.58 Bucharest 1997-03-03
70.78 Smolensk 1997-06-11
73.10 Munich 1997-06-22
73.80 Togliatti 1998-05-15
75.29 Clermont-Ferrand 1999-05-13
75.97 Clermont-Ferrand 1999-05-13
77.06 Moscow 2005-07-15
77.80 Tallinn 2006-08-15

Best Year Performance

Men's Seasons Best

YEAR DISTANCE ATHLETE PLACE
1971 76.40 Lahr
1972 75.88 Kiev
1973 75.20 Moscow
1974 76.66 Munich
1975 79.30 Frankfurt
1976 78.86 Sochi
1977 77.60 Gelsenkirchen
1978 80.32 Heidenheim
1979 79.82 Leipzig
1980 81.80 Moscow
1981 80.56 Obersühl
1982 83.98 Moscow
1983 84.14 Moscow
1984 86.34 Cork
1985 84.08 Budapest
1986 86.74 Stuttgart
1987 83.48 Karl-Marx-Stadt
1988 85.14 Moscow
1989 82.84 Berlin
1990 84.48 Lausanne
1991 84.26 Reims
1992 84.62 Seville
1993 82.78 Nitra
1994 83.36 Budapest
1995 83.10 Tashkent
1996 82.52 Milan
1997 83.04 Frankfurt
1998 83.68 Zalaegerszeg
1999 82.78 Dortmund
2000 82.58 Stayki
2001 83.47 Toyota
2002 83.43 Adler
2003 84.86 Prague
2004 84.46 Minsk
2005 86.73 Brest
2006 82.95 Stayki
2007 83.63 Osaka
2008 84.51 Grodno

Women's Seasons Best

YEAR DISTANCE ATHLETE PLACE
1994 67.34 Minsk
1995 68.16 Moscow
1996 69.46 Sydney
1997 73.10 Munich
1998 73.80 Togliatti
1999 76.07 Rüdlingen
2000 75.68 Tula
2001 73.62 Adler
2002 73.07 Annecy
2003 75.14 Savona
2004 75.18 Havana
2005 77.06 Moscow
2006 77.80 Tallinn
2007 77.36 Sochi
2008 77.32 Minsk

External links

Search another word or see hammer throwon Dictionary | Thesaurus |Spanish
Copyright © 2014 Dictionary.com, LLC. All rights reserved.
  • Please Login or Sign Up to use the Recent Searches feature
FAVORITES
RECENT

;