hamburg steak

Salisbury steak

Salisbury steak or Hamburger steak is minced beef shaped to resemble a steak and usually served in brown sauce.

Salisbury steak is popular in the United States, where it is traditionally served with gravy and grilled onions. Salisbury steak is a common staple of public school lunches and frozen dinners.

Salisbury steak was invented by an American physician, Dr. J. H. Salisbury (1823–1905) and the name was in use by 1897. H. L. Mencken reported (in 1945) that the name was used to replace "hamburger steak" during World War I as a political euphemism.

Japanese cuisine

is a popular Salisbury steak dish in Japan. It is made from ground meat with finely chopped onion, egg and breadcrumbs flavored with various spices and made into a flat circular shape about a centimeter thick and 10 to 15 cm in diameter. Many restaurants (e.g. Bikkuri Donkey) specialize in various styles of hamburger. Additionally, it is sometimes called hamburger steak.

Hamburger became popular during the 1960s as a more affordable way to serve otherwise costly meat. Magazines regularly printed the recipe during that decade, elevating it to a staple dish in Japanese culture. In Japan, the dish dates back to the Meiji period and is believed to have been first served in Yokohama, which was one of the first ports opened to foreigners. Since the 1980s, vacuum packed hamburgers were sold with sauce already added, and these are widely used in box lunches (bento). Frozen hamburgers are popular as well, often served in fast food style restaurants because they have a richer taste and firmer texture than vacuum-packed hamburger.

In many Southern American dining establishments, "hamburger steak" refers to a ground beef steak served without gravy, while "Salisbury steak" is only used for the version with gravy.

In Hawaii, Hamburger Steak is very similar to the Japanese Hamburg Steak. It consists of burger patty with brown gravy. It is usually served with macaroni salad and rice in a Plate lunch. There is also a variety which includes an egg, which is called Loco Moco.

Cultural references

In The Cosby Show episode "The Visit" Elvin mentions that the coffee shop near his apartment is serving a salisbury steak that's "out of this world," to which Cliff replies "salisbury steak?...yum yum."

In the South Park episode "Cartman gets an Anal Probe" Chef constantly tells the kids not to worry about the aliens visiting, because it was Salisbury Steak day.

In an episode of House (TV series), when a 600 lb patient is eating his meal, House asks him if he's enjoying his salisbury steak. He responds with "Putting chopped parsley on hamburger does not a salisbury steak make."

In the baseball film Rookie of the Year, Gary Busey's character proclaims the salisbury steak served on an airplane flight to be "one of the best I've ever had."

In the Sealab 2021 episode Neptunati, a miniature John Wilkes Booth shoots Quinn in the head and then announces that he will avail himself "of the Salisbury steak entrée."

See also


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